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How do we deal with the drug problem?. Lesson 14. Picture reading. 吸毒的你(痛心疾首) - 视频 - 优酷视频 - 在线观看. 1. 2. 3. 4. Warm up & Preview. Background. Text Analysis. Discussion & Revision. How do we deal with the drug problem?. Warm up. Contents. Drug Problem 

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    1. How do we deal with the drug problem? Lesson 14

    2. Picture reading

    3. ZCJ

    4. ZCJ

    5. ZCJ

    6. ZCJ

    7. 吸毒的你(痛心疾首) - 视频 - 优酷视频 - 在线观看 ZCJ

    8. 1 2 3 4 Warm up & Preview Background Text Analysis Discussion & Revision How do we deal with the drug problem? ZCJ

    9. Warm up Contents • Drug Problem • Vocabularies Related to Drug ZCJ

    10. Drug Problem Drug addiction has been described as a pathological relationship to a ________. What kind of symptoms indicates that someone has a drug problem? Well, for a start, it is obvious that the person has a problem if they deny or try to hide their drinking or drug use, or ______ to everyone that they are taking less than they really are; if they try to make excuses for their drug-taking; if they avoid talking about their drug-taking habits and ________ the problems associated with drug use; if they seek out friends who are also drug users; if they have drug-related problems such as accidents, financial difficulties, absenteeism, _______ illnesses, difficulties at work, conflicts with family and friends. substance pretend minimize frequent ZCJ

    11. Drug Problem certainly • And of course it is _______ true that hard drugs are more of a problem than soft drugs. If someone is taking cocaine or _____ regularly then they certainly have a Drug Problem and need help in trying to overcome it. If on the other hand they are taking cannabis now and again, most people would accept that it does not constitute a Drug Problem. • The Drug Problem affects all of us, because drugs ___ crime. Illegal drugs are now more widely available than ever before and children are __________ exposed to them. Drugs are not just a threat to health; they are also a threat on the streets and a serious threat to communities too, because of drug-related crime. heroin fuel increasingly ZCJ

    12. One answer to the Drug Problem is to improve job opportunities, because drug taking is often _________ with other social problems such as unemployment, boredom, ________ from society and so on. Perhaps the best approach is to help people to resist drugs, and at the same time protect communities from drug-related crime by better policing; make treatment for drug addicts more readily available; and to ____ the availability of drugs on the street. There are no easy answers to the Drug Problem. But there is plenty of support out there if drug users do decide that they want to ____ their drug habit. associated alienation stifle kick ZCJ

    13. Vocabularies Related to Drug cannabis cocaine stimulants opium heroin morphine crack dolantin “ice” “ecstasy”, XTC 大麻 可卡因 兴奋剂 鸦片 海洛因 吗啡 快克 度冷丁 冰毒 摇头丸 ZCJ

    14. drug dependence drug of abuse drug addiction abstinence syndrome drug addict injecting drug user, IDU snorting physical dependence psychic dependence physiological dependence psychological dependence 药物依赖性 滥用药物 毒瘾 戒断综合症 吸毒者 注射毒品滥用者 鼻吸 身体依赖性 精神依赖性 生理依赖性 心理依赖性 ZCJ

    15. drug-seeking behavior drug-taking behavior compulsive drug use polydrug abuse detoxification withdrawal rehabilitation reintegration 觅药行为 用药行为 强迫性用药 多药滥用 脱毒 脱瘾 康复 重返社会 ZCJ

    16. 《Convention on Psychotropic Substances, 1971 》 • 《United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psycho tropic Substances, 1988 》 • National Institute on Drug Dependence • 《1971年精神药物公约》 • 《1988年联合国禁止非法贩运麻醉药品和精神药物公约》 • 中国药物依赖性研究所 ZCJ

    17. International Narcotics Control Board, INCB • United Nations International Drug Control Programme, UNDCP • World Health Organization, WHO • 联合国国际麻醉品管制局 • 联合国国际禁毒计划署 • 世界卫生组织 ZCJ

    18. Community Epidemiology Work Group, CEWG • Asian Multicity Epidemiology Work Group, AMEWG • 美国社区药物滥用流行病学工作组 • 亚洲多城市药物滥用流行病学工作组 ZCJ

    19. Background • Author • Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth • Themes of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking ZCJ

    20. Author • Gore Vidal (1925-) is a prolific American novelist, playwright and essayist; one of the greatest stylists of contemporary American prose. Clarence Page: Pulitzer Prize winner; columnist and member of the editorial board at the Chicago Tribune since 1984. Twice a week, he addresses, with passion and style, the social, economic and political issues affecting people in the United States such as crime, education, housing, hunger and bigotry. ZCJ

    21. Charles Krauthammer: After graduating from Canada’s McGill University, Charles studied political theory at Oxford and then went to Harvard Medical School. Trained as a neurologist and psychiatrist, he returned to political analysis, first as a senior editor at the New Republic and then as a syndicated columnist. A collection of his essays has been published, and he has won a Pulitzer Prize for commentary. The excerpt here is taken from an article he published in 1988. ZCJ

    22. Drugs: The Hidden Danger to Youth • Today, young people using "ecstasy tablets" semi-openly at parties is not a rare scene in some cities. Among officially registered drug addicts, 70 per cent are under the age of 35. And the types of drugs they use are becoming more and more diverse. • Many factors are involved such as teaching in schools, the role of neighborhood committees and non-government organizations (NGOs), mental health support, family environment and media influence. ZCJ

    23. The world needs a well-considered practical approach and coordinated efforts to make headway. • The reality today is that in many places, young people have very limited access to knowledge about drugs although drug abuse and trafficking are spreading in these areas. • In large cities and relatively rich areas, many of the attempts we have seen so far, mainly represented by lectures or posters and short-term campaigns, are superficial. ZCJ

    24. What has been done is far from being enough to equip young people with a comprehensive knowledge about drugs and to make them understand the dire consequences of using drugs. • It is true that schools, community organizations and NGOs have their respective difficulties in doing more to fight the war on drugs. ZCJ

    25. It is the government's duty to find ways to solve these problems. At the same time, parents and teachers should learn to improve their communication skills and provide emotional support for their children or students. Young people should also be encouraged to seek counseling for emotional problems. ZCJ

    26. Themes of International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking • 2000: Facing reality: denial, corruption and violence — “面对现实:拒绝堕落和暴力” • 2001: Sports against drugs — “体育拒绝毒品” • 2002: Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS — “吸毒与艾滋病” ZCJ

    27. 2003: Let‘s talk about drugs … • — “让我们讨论毒品问题”; • 2004:"Drugs: treatment works“ • — “抵制毒品,参与禁毒” ZCJ

    28. Passage 1 Drugs

    29. Text Analysis • Don’t say that marijuana is addictive and dangerous when it is neither, unlike “speed”, which kills most unpleasantly, or heroin, which is addictive and difficult to kick. (Para. 1) • Don’t exaggerate the harmful effect of marijuana. It is neither addictive nor dangerous, as is often described. Differentiate it from “speed” and heroin. “Speed” causes death while heroin is difficult to stop using once a person is addicted to it. ZCJ

    30. addict • 她热衷于摇滚乐 • She was addicted to rock music. • He was addicted to cocaine. • We are all addicts of change. • addiction • addict • addictive • addicted ZCJ

    31. At cost • Do not believe the salesman when he says he is selling his products at cost. • The young man made his goal achieved at the cost of his life. • The doctors were told to save the boy’s life at any cost/at all costs. ZCJ

    32. kick • They kicked off the promotional tour with a press conference for the author. • He spent the next three years in Italy, kicking around the country on a motor. • A sandstorm kicked up while we drove through the desert. • kicked up a row. • 起哄 ZCJ

    33. kick around • 虐待,欺凌 • 到处游荡 • kick off • 开球; 开始: • kick up • 增强,加强; 引起(麻烦) • Cf. stir up ZCJ

    34. kick the bucket【俚语】 • 死去 • kick the habit【俚语】 • 戒除: • kick up (one's) heels • 离开居住地外出玩乐 • kick upstairs【俚语】 • 明升暗降 • Kick over the ladder • 过河拆桥 ZCJ

    35. for the record Declared openly and officially, especially so as to make known one’s disagreement. 正式的, 有案可查的 • Just for the record, I think the President is a fool. • 我郑重声明,我认为总统很蠢。 • “for the record”, said the Senator, “I think our effort to reduce the crime is a failure.” ZCJ

    36. Along with exhortation and warning, it might be good for our citizens to recall that the United States was the creation of men who believed that each man has the right to do what he wants with his own life as long as he does not interfere with his neighbor’s pursuit of happiness. (Para. 3) ZCJ

    37. While urging people not to take drugs and warning them of the dangers, we should remind our citizens that their country was created by the early European settlers who believed that a man has the right to do whatever he wishes to his own life as long as what he does doesn’t prevent his neighbor from seeking happiness. ZCJ

    38. interfere • The organizer was unsatisfied with the loud talking that interfered with the other patrons' conversations. • 他对自己的越帮越忙感觉到很失落。 • He felt greatly frustrated with the assistance that only interfered. • Synonyms • meddle tamper (next page) ZCJ

    39. tried to tamper with the decedent's will; • tampering with the timing mechanism of the safe. • Don't tamper with my feelings. • tamper with a jury. • 干预, 玩弄, 贿赂, 损害, 篡改 ZCJ

    40. Now one can hear that the warning rumble begin: if everyone is allowed to take drugs everyone will and we shall end up a race of Zombies. (Para. 4) • Zombies: someone who does not seem to know or care about what is happening around them and moves very slowly, esp. because they are very upset or tired ZCJ

    41. Now we hear those people who are against legalization giving us warnings. They say if drugs are legalized, everyone will become addicts, and our nation will become one near to living death. ZCJ

    42. end up • At first, he refused to accept any responsibility but he ended up apologizing. • If you don’t mend your ways, you’ll end up a criminal. • end up +adj/n/doing/done/介宾 ZCJ

    43. “end” phrases cf. • end it all • end one’s days (in sth.) • end in sth. cf. • 自杀 • (在某处或某种状态)度过余生 • 以某事物为结尾或结论 ZCJ

    44. It is a lucky thing for the American moralist that we have no public memory of anything that happened last Tuesday. (Para. 6) • Most Americans have a bad memory and don’t remember anything that happened in the past. This is a lucky thing for those people who advocate forbidding drugs (for if they remembered what Prohibition in the 1920s resulted in, they would see that prohibition of drugs will not be feasible, either). ZCJ

    45. Last year when the supply of marijuana was slightly reduced by the Feds, the pushers got the kids hooked on heroin and deaths increased ramatically. (Para. 8) Last year when the FBI got tough with drug dealing, and the supply of marijuana went slightly down, young marijuana users had to shift to a more harmful drug—heroin. Pushers got them addicted, and the number of people who died of overdose went up sharply. ZCJ

    46. hook • hook on to • 钩住, 追随 • hooked up with the wrong crowd • 勾结: • by hook or by crook • 不择手段: • get the hook • 被非正式地解雇或中止工作 • hook, line, and sinker • 无保留地;完全地: ZCJ

    47. off the hook • 脱身: • let me off the hook with a mild reprimand. • on (one's) own hook • 独立地:凭借自身的努力 ZCJ

    48. Finally, if there was no money in it, the Bureau of Narcotics would wither away, something they are not about to do without a struggle. (Para. 9) Finally, if the Mafia couldn’t get money out of legal drug dealing when drugs are legal, the Bureau of Narcotics would be disbanded. This is something the government will surely try hard to prevent because the people working in the Bureau would lose their jobs. ZCJ

    49. wither away • to become weaker and then disappear • After leaving school, their friendship withered away. • withered withering • It will take a long time to make dry flowers because the process is time-consuming. • Withered 凋败了的; 枯萎的, 干瘪的 • Withering使干枯的, 摧毁的, 进行干燥处理的 ZCJ

    50. Passage 2 the trouble with legalizing drugs