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Exit and sustainability of the Swiss development cooperation. Martin Baumann Competence Center 6: Performance Audit and Evaluation Swiss Federal Audit Office IX. EUROSAI Congress, 18.06.2014. Setting the scene. Ex-post analysis of 14 projects in South Africa and India

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exit and sustainability of the swiss development cooperation

Exit and sustainability of the Swiss development cooperation

Martin Baumann

Competence Center 6: Performance Audit and Evaluation

Swiss Federal Audit Office

IX. EUROSAI Congress, 18.06.2014

setting the scene
Settingthescene

Ex-post analysis of 14 projects in South Africa and India

  • Q1: Were the project objectives achieved at the time of Switzerland's exit?
  • Q2: How was an adequate continuation of the supported projects ensured?
  • Q3: What is the assessment of the current situation?

Preparationphase

Implementation phase

Post project phase

Q

Q

Q

t (years)

Project start

Project end

On-site visit

Fusszeile

main challenges
Main challenges
  • Sustainability: diverse understandings, but increased importance through the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005)
  • Hardly any studies
  • Who knows what?
    • Most projects ended 2005 and 2006
    • Audit in 2013

Fusszeile

new approach
New approach

Q

Q

Q

  • Q1: Were the project objectives achieved at the time of Switzerland's exit?
  • Q2: How was an adequate continuation of the supported projects ensured?

Preparationphase

Preparationphase

Implementation phase

Post project phase

t (years)

Project start

Project end

On-site visit

Fusszeile

slide5

On-site visit

Fusszeile

slide6

On-site visit in India

Q3: What is the assessment of the current situation?

On-site visits in India and South

Africa (2 weeks each visit).

project

airplane

car

train

Fusszeile

findings
Findings
  • Numerous “project footprints” can still be found years after completion.
  • Measuring the goal achievement in development cooperation has many limitations and investigating sustainable aspects is complex
  • The Swiss Development Agency withdrew from projects in a correct manner
  • Examined projects were needed and innovative, but associated with risks
  • Project documentation is a key source of information for evaluating lessons learned
  • Risk assessment is a key to success for the implementation and continuation of projects
  • Targeted ex-post analyses can create added value

Fusszeile

recommendations critique
Recommendations / Critique
  • Primarily concern the management of projects
    • Define internal guidelines for the project completion
    • Improve the definition of objectives in terms of measurability of progress towards their achievement
    • Ensureactive and consistent project documentation
    • Systematically monitor key risk areas within projects
    • Encourage ex-post analyses for selected key projects
  • Critical reflections regarding the methodology applied:
    • No measurement of sustainability, but only an appraisal (“soft facts”)
    • Almost no comparability between projects (context, goals, developments)
    • On-site visits demand a lot of organization (interlocutors, travel, translation, limited time)
    • On-site visits raise expectations of beneficiaries
    • Cost-benefit: facts gathered vs. resources used

Fusszeile

slide11
Thank you for your attention! Full report available at www.efk.admin.chContact: martin.baumann@efk.admin.ch

Fusszeile