Ch. 29: The Great War. Sec. 1: Marching Toward War. Background.
Sec. 1: Marching Toward War
- By 1900, most of Europe had been at peace for nearly 30 years. Many peace organizations were active and some Europeans believed that the progress gained had made war a thing of the past. But beneath all of the goodwill, tensions were rising.
Nationalism – A deep devotion to one’s country
- Nationalism can serve as a unifying force but it can cause intense competition among nations with each seeking to overpower the other.
- Rivalries had developed between the European powers of Austria – Hungary, France, Great Britain, Germany, and Italy
Balkan Peninsula – A region in southeast Europe. It comprised several ethnic groups and had a history of uprisings.
- It had been referred to as the “powder keg” of Europe
- Most of the Balkan countries were under the Ottoman Empire but as that was collapsing, several had gained independence (Greece, Bulgaria, Romania, Montenegro, Serbia)
- By the fall of 1914 the sides were deadlocked. No one was gaining an advantage