Lesson 4: Thought and Judgement By: Miguel Hernández, Ignacio Pérez, and Eugenio González
Abstruse • Abstruse : adjective • Definition: Difficult to understand • Ex: The students had trouble keeping up with the Physics class’s abstruse formulas.
Acumen • Acumen: noun • Definition: Quickness and keenness of insight or judgment • Ex: Michael Jordan’s basketball acumen made him one of the best players in NBA history.
Ascertain • Ascertain: verb • Definition: To discover or to determine with certainty, especially through examination or experimentation • Ex: Through the suspect’s confession, the court ascertainedthat he committed the crime.
Cerebral • Cerebral: adjective • Definition: a. Of or relating to the brain • Ex: After the car accident, John suffered cerebral damage which left him disabled for the rest of his life. • Definition: b. Appealing to or requiring the use of intellect; intellectual • Ex: Completing Sudoku puzzles requires much cerebral activity.
Faculty • Faculty: noun • Definition: a. A division of a university or a group of teachers. • Ex: The University of Puerto Rico’s faculty has meetings every week to discuss the progress of each class. • Definition: b. Natural power or ability • Ex: Since Alex didn’t wear her safety goggles while using chemicals she lost her faculty of sight.
Obfuscate • Obfuscate: verb • Definition: a. To make difficult to understand. • Ex: The coffee that was spilled on the project obfuscated its contents. • Definition: b. To darken, to make dim or difficult to see. • Ex: The heavy pouring rain obfuscated the road for the bus driver.
Ruminate • Ruminate: verb • Definition: a. Tothinkdeeplyabout, toturn a matterover and over in one’smind. • Ex: Theconfusedprofessorruminatedfordays, decidingwhatassignment he wouldgivetohis AP classes. • Definition: b. Tochewcud, orpartiallydigestedfood. • Ex: Camels are knownforruminatingthesamechunk of grassfor a longperiod of time.
Stymie • Stymie: verb • Definition: Topreventfrommakingprogress, tofrustrateorthwartefforts. • Ex: Badweatherconditionsstymiedthe FIFA World Cup gamesfortwodays.
Surmise • Surmise: verb • Definition a. (verb) to guess; draw a conclusion without sufficient evidence • Ex: The teacher surmised that the students didn’t study for the exam because they all failed. • Definitionb. (noun) a guess, a conclusion drawn without sufficient evidence • Ex: The Big Bang Theory is a surmise because astronomers still do not have the sufficient evidence to prove how the universe was created.
Tenet • Tenet: noun • Definition: a principle or belief held by a person or an organization • Ex: Freedom of speech is a central and sacred tenet of any democracy.