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Peer Assisted Learning Strategies. Intervention is…. Focused instruction which is based on : A student’s response to instruction As measured by assessment data (the assessment can be formal or informal). What does intervention look like?.

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intervention is
Intervention is…
  • Focused instruction which is based on:
    • A student’s response to instruction
    • As measured by assessment data

(the assessment can be formal or informal)

what does intervention look like
What does intervention look like?
  • Intervention is not a mini-comprehensive reading lesson:
  • Intervention:
    • Gives time for extra opportunities for mastery of concepts and skills
    • Group size is smaller
    • Focused on one or two areas of instruction
time intensity and instruction
Time, Intensity and Instruction
  • Time: How much time?
  • Intensity: How many students in a group?
  • Instruction: What will be the focus of instruction?
what is pals
What is PALS?
  • A whole-class, tier II targeted intervention
  • Please read Overview Section
  • The key to this program is successfully teaching the routines.
  • Teachers will need to directly teach routines and new games/sounds/words
  • Continual reinforcement of correct procedures.
  • Students will work in pairs.
  • The teacher moves around the room spot-checking procedures and content.
how do i set up pals
How do I set up PALS?
  • Scheduling
  • Pairing Students
  • Preparing Materials
  • Teaching Routines
  • Monitoring Students and Awarding Points
  • Once Routines are established, PALS should …
    • Happens three days a week
      • K-PALS - 20 minutes for 20 weeks
      • PALS First Grade - 30 minutes for 16 weeks
    • You will need to carve out this precious chunk of time
    • Initial organization is the key to success!!!
pairing students
Pairing Students
  • Rank students in terms of reading skill
  • Divide the list in half
  • Pair strongest reader in top half with the strongest reader in the lower half
  • Continue this process until all students have a partner (KPALS 9, PALS 24)
pairing coaches and readers
Pairing Coaches and Readers
  • Utilizing DIBELS ranking for Phoneme Segmentation (kinder) OR Nonsense Word (First) for Midyear.
  • Print your report
  • Cut at the midpoint
  • Pairs are then side-by-side
  • If the majority of your kinder class is proficient in or better in Phoneme Seg., follow the same procedure with the Nonsense Word Report
ideas for management
Ideas for Management
  • Handling Absentees
  • Moving Students to and from Partners
  • Monitoring and Awarding Points
  • Triads
  • KPALS 9-11, PALS 24-27
important details
Important Details
  • The Coach corrects all errors immediately
    • Correction Procedure
  • The Reader must demonstrate mastery
    • Master before moving on!
  • The higher performing student is always the coach first!
  • Demonstrate your preference for positive and constructive behavior statements
    • Actively encourage positive interactions
  • KPALS 12, PALS 28
types of lessons
Types of Lessons


  • Teacher Games ( 5 min)
  • Student Games (15 min)


  • Sounds and Words (15 min)
  • Story Sharing (15 min)
kpals teacher games
KPALS Teacher games
  • Introduce Letters (weeks 1-5, 7-10, 12-20)
    • Point to new letter in box, tell name, students repeat
  • Sound Blending (weeks 3-7)
    • Say word slowly, hold up finger for each sound, ask students “what word”
  • Last Sound (weeks 8-12)
    • Say word, ask “What is the last sound?’
  • Segmenting Words (weeks 13-17)
    • Students learn how to say words slowly (sound by sound) holding up a finger for each word
  • Letter-Sound Correspondence (weeks 13-20)
    • Learn sound-symbol correspondences
  • Sounding Out Words (weeks 16-20)
    • Learn how to blend sound symbols to decode words
kpals student activities
KPALS Student Activities

KPALS – pg 20

  • Name Game (wks 1-20)
        • Played 2X, name letters, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles
  • Rhyme Time (wks 1-5)
        • Paired pictures, Rhyme ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles
  • First Sound (wks 1-10)
        • Pictures, Initial Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles
  • Say the Word (wks 6-15)
    • Pictures, Phoneme Blending, 3-4 minutes, DO NOT Switch Roles
  • Last Sound (wks 11-20)
    • Pictures, Final Sound ID, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles
  • Stretch It (wks 16-20)
    • Pictures, Phoneme Segmentation, 3-4 minutes, Switch Roles

Each Game is worth 5 points!

pals student activities sounds and words pg 10 22
PALS Student Activities – Sounds and words (pg 10-22)

New sound and word is introduced by teacher, then pairs start (15 min)…

  • Letter Sounds
    • Coach points, reader names sound
  • Hearing Sounds
    • Coach reads word, reader stretches it
  • Sounding Out
    • Coach prompts, reader sounds out word slowly and then reads it
  • Sentences and Stories
    • Before reading sentences/stories, coach direct reader to practice sight words – “Read It”
    • Then coach prompts read to read sentences/stories

Each Game is worth 5 points!

Students Complete Entire Sheet before Switching Roles!

pals student activities story sharing pg 10 22
PALS Student Activities – Story Sharing (pg 10-22)

Using books from the coach’s book bags, students read in pairs (15 min)…

  • Pretend-Read
    • Picture walk, coach prompts reader to predict story from pictures, 2 minutes
  • Read Aloud
    • Coach reads a sentence, reader reads the same sentence, Pairs complete this routine 2X, 12 minutes
    • If Pair is done before 12 minutes has passed, switch roles and reader reads each sentence first (can be a book from reader’s book bag)
  • Retell
    • Coach prompts “What did you learn first?”, “What did you learn next?”, etc, 1 minute

Each Reading o f the story is worth 5 points!

correction proceedures
Correction Proceedures
  • TELL
    • Coach tells reader correct response
    • “That letter’s sound is /sss/.”
  • ASK
    • Coach asks reader to repeat correct response
    • “What sound?”
    • Coach asks reader to repeat the row again (correctly)
    • “Start again.”
starting points
Starting Points
  • KPALS – All students start at same place
  • PALS – Two entry points
    • Game Sheet 4
    • Game Sheet 15
    • Based on Sounds and Words placement test (in Teacher’s Materials)
start by teaching routines
Start by teaching Routines
  • Student Training Lessons
    • KPALS starts on page 25
      • Focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behavior
    • PALS Starts on page 31
      • First Lessons focused on roles of coach and reader, earning and marking points, KPALS rules, and partner behavior
      • Next lessons focused on Story Sharing Routine and Sounds and Words Activity
how will i know if pals is working
How will I know if PALS is working?
  • Through careful analysis of …
    • My progress monitoring data
    • Student reading in guided reading and conferences
    • Student writing samples
    • Observation of partnerships