AMERICA’S EMERGENCE AS A POWER - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. AMERICA’S EMERGENCE AS A POWER 1890S-1920

  2. IMPERIALISM • Accidental or Planned? • Spanish-American War • Teller Amendment • Platt Amendment • Guam, Philippines, and Puerto Rico • Philippine War • Hawaii (1898) • Samoa (1898) • Panama Canal Zone (1905)

  3. Leaders in Imperialism • Alfred Thayer Mahan • Theodore Roosevelt • Henry Cabot Lodge

  4. Intervention • Theodore Roosevelt • Moroccan Crisis • Russo-Japanese War • William Taft • “Dollar Diplomacy” • Woodrow Wilson • Mexico • Nicaragua

  5. World War I • Causes • Central Powers • Entente • War up to U.S. involvement • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWW.htm • http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/

  6. U.S. ENTERS WAR • GERMAN THREATS • ZIMMERMANN TELEGRAM • SUBMARINE WARFARE • WILSON’ SENSE OF MISSION • SUPPORT DEMOCRACY • DEFEND AGAINST AGGRESSION • MAINTAIN FREEDOM OF THE SEAS • ANGER AT ATROCITIES • BIAS IN LEADERSHIP • GROWING SENSE OF ANGLO-AMERICAN UNITY • FEAR OF COMMUNISM

  7. AMERICA IN WORLD WAR I • ST. MIHIEL OFFENSIVE (SEPT 12-16, 1918) • 300,000 US TROOPS AND AIRCRAFT ATTACK RETREATING GERMANS • MEUSSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE (SEPT 26-30, OCT 10-NOV 10, 1918) • 400,000 AMERICANS, 300 TANKS, 500 AIRCRAFT • http://www.worldwar1.com/dbc/ghq1arm.htm • http://www.ls.net/~newriver/ww1/

  8. WILSON’S14 POINTS • NO SECRET TREATIES • FREEDOM OF THE SEAS • AUTONOMY FOR NATIONALITIES • REMOVAL OF TRADE BARRIERS • REDESIGN OF BOUNDARIES • ARMS REDUCTION • INTERNATIONAL ARBITTRATION • http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1918/14points.html

  9. TREATIES AND OUTCOME • 57% OF TOTAL MANPOWER MOBILIZED BECAME CASUALTIES INCLUDING OVER 8 MILLION DEAD (76% OF RUSSIANS AND FRENCH WERE CASUALTIES) • TREATY OF VERSAILLES • http://history.acusd.edu/gen/text/versaillestreaty/vercontents.html