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America as a World Power. Chapter 18 Section 4. I Teddy Roosevelt & the World. Japanese set up Korea as indep. State but Russia had set their sights on Korea Japan attacks Russian P ac. Fleet destroys it completely and then destroys European fleet Japan retained control of Korea.

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america as a world power

America as a World Power

Chapter 18 Section 4

i teddy roosevelt the world
I Teddy Roosevelt & the World
  • Japanese set up Korea as indep. State but Russia had set their sights on Korea
  • Japan attacks Russian Pac. Fleet destroys it completely and then destroys European fleet
    • Japan retained control of Korea
slide3

Japan asked Roosevelt to mediate the conflict

    • Deal= Japan gets half Shaklin island & Russia lets Japan take over its interests in Manchuria & Korea
  • Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace Prize for his mediation efforts
relations with japan
Relations with Japan
  • US & Japan continue talks
    • Agree to respect each other’s possessions in East Asia & Pacific
  • Roosevelt sends “Great White Fleet” on world tour to demonstrate US naval power
    • Japanese begin to build a bigger navy
panama canal
Panama Canal
  • Roosevelt wanted to build canal through central America
    • Reduce travel time for commercial and mil. Boats
  • Hay-Pauncefote Treaty= GB gives US exclusive rights to build and control canal through central America
  • Panama controlled by ColombiaUS negotiated w/ Colombia
    • Talks break down & Panamanian rebellion took place
slide6

US negotiates treaty for Panama’s indepndence

    • Treaty also give the US control of canal zone and gave right to US to intervene in Panama (like Cuba)
roosevelt corollary
Roosevelt Corollary
  • Latin American countries took loans out fro European banks to built RRs
    • Roosevelt scared that if they defaulted European powers would intervene in Western Hemisphere
  • Roosevelt policy= Roosevelt Corollary
    • “Speak softly and carry a big stick”
    • Argued Europe. Powers must not intervene in W. Hem.
    • Warned that disorder in Latin Amer. would force the US to exercise its “int’l police power” to protect Amer. interests
slide8

Nicaragua goes bankrupt due to rebellion

    • Taft instructs US banks to make loans to Nicaragua to pay it’s debt
    • US banks get $$ back by collecting Nicaraguan custom duties
  • Dollar Diplomacy= US gov’t guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American business people
    • Kept European powers out of the Caribbean
iii woodrow wilson s missionary diplomacy
III Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy
  • Monroe doc. Warns nations against expanding their influence in Latin Amer
  • Roosevelt Corollary asserts the US right to exercise international police power
  • Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy said US had right to deny recognition of any Latin Amer govt it viewed as oppressive or hostile to US interests
    • Pressured countries in west to establish Dem. Gov;t
a mexican revolution
A. Mexican Revolution
  • US invest in Mexico businessesHuerta takes over Madero’s gov’t and executes himWilson refuses to recognize “a gov’t of butchers”
  • “Watchful waiting”Amer sailors arrestedmex. Apologized and released them but Wilson uses as an excuse to invade Mexico
  • Wilson withdraws after Carranza becomes president and recognizes his gov’t
pershing pursues villa
Pershing Pursues Villa
  • “poncho” Villa & Zapata lad revolt against Carranza
    • Threatened US
  • Villa followers kill Americans in Mexico and go to New Mexico and kill group of Amer.
  • Carranza allows Wilsonto send US troops
    • Gen. Pershing hunts down villamexicans tired of US invasionCarranza asks US to leavewilson refusesintesified anti-american feelings in mexico
slide12

American imperialism dress US deeper into world affairs at the same time imperialism pushed European powers towards war