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Chapter 17 – Blood. F oreign B lood I nvestigators. Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip. Are You My Type?. You’re a Pint Low. Thicker than H 2 O. $100. $100. $100. $ 100. $100. $200. $200. $200. $200. $200. $300. $300. $300. $300. $300. $400. $400. $400. $400. $400.

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Chapter 17 – Blood


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chapter 17 blood

Chapter 17 – Blood

Foreign Blood Investigators

Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip

Are You My Type?

You’re a Pint Low

Thicker than H2 O

$100

$100

$100

$100

$100

$200

$200

$200

$200

$200

$300

$300

$300

$300

$300

$400

$400

$400

$400

$400

$500

$500

$500

$500

$500

FINAL ROUND

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 100 question
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$100 Question

There are ~280 million Hb molecules in one RBC. A single Hb molecule carries ___ molecule(s) of O2, which means that a single RBC carries about ___ O2 molecules.

a. 1 / 280 million

b. 8 / 2 billion

c. 2 / 1 million

d. 4 / 1 billion

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 100 answer
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$100 Answer

There are ~280 million Hb molecules in one RBC. A single Hb molecule carries ___ molecule(s) of O2, which means that a single RBC carries about ___ O2 molecules.

a. 1 / 280 million

b. 8 / 2 billion

c. 2 / 1 million

d. 4 / 1 billion

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 200 question
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$200 Question

All of the following except ___ leads to a decrease in HCT.

a. Dehydration

b. Hemorrhage

c. Problems with RBC formation

d. Anemia

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 200 answer
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$200 Answer

All of the following except ___ leads to a decrease in HCT.

a. Dehydration

b. Hemorrhage

c. Problems with RBC formation

d. Anemia

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 300 question
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$300 Question

Why is it important that the iron – oxygen interaction in oxyhemoglobin is weak?

a. So that an irreversible bond forms between oxygen and the hemoglobin is weak

b. So that oxygen may dissociate into tissues

c. Because RBCs consume some of the oxygen they carry

d. Because carbon dioxide has a higher affinity for the iron molecule

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 300 answer
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$300 Answer

Why is it important that the iron – oxygen interaction in oxyhemoglobin is weak?

a. So that an irreversible bond forms between oxygen and the hemoglobin is weak

b. So that oxygen may dissociate into tissues

c. Because RBCs consume some of the oxygen they carry

d. Because carbon dioxide has a higher affinity for the iron molecule

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 400 question
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$400 Question

What accounts for males’ HCT (~46) being higher than females’ HCT (~42)?

a. Males are larger than females.

b. Females’ RBCs are smaller than males’ RBCs.

c. Androgens stimulate RBC production.

d. Estrogens breakdown RBCs at a faster rate than they are produced.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 400 answer
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$400 Answer

What accounts for males’ HCT (~46) being higher than females’ HCT (~42)?

a. Males are larger than females.

b. Females’ RBCs are smaller than males’ RBCs.

c. Androgens stimulate RBC production.

d. Estrogens breakdown RBCs at a faster rate than they are produced.

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 500 question
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$500 Question

Under normal conditions, what is the fate of the globular proteins of a recycled hemoglobin molecule?

a. They are filtered by the kidneys and eliminated in urine.

b. They are disassembled into their component amino acids.

c. They are stripped of their heme unit and converted into biliverdin.

d. They are converted to bilirubin and excreted in bile.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

can t squeeze blood from a turnip 500 answer
Can’t Squeeze Blood from a Turnip:$500 Answer

Under normal conditions, what is the fate of the globular proteins of a recycled hemoglobin molecule?

a. They are filtered by the kidneys and eliminated in urine.

b. They are disassembled into their component amino acids.

c. They are stripped of their heme unit and converted into biliverdin.

d. They are converted to bilirubin and excreted in bile.

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 100 question
Foreign Blood Investigators:$100 Question

All of the following except ___ are characteristics of all types of WBCs.

a. They can leave capillaries by diapedesis

b. They are capable of amoeboid movement

c. They are phagocytic

d. They are attracted to specific chemical stimuli

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 100 answer
Foreign Blood Investigators:$100 Answer

All of the following except ___ are characteristics of all types of WBCs.

a. They can leave capillaries by diapedesis

b. They are capable of amoeboid movement

c. They are phagocytic

d. They are attracted to specific chemical stimuli

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 200 question
Foreign Blood Investigators:$200 Question

What is the nature ofand purpose of surface antigens on RBCs?

a. Glycoproteins in the cytoplasm / Substances that your body recognizes as foreign

b. Receptor proteins / They aid the entry of oxygen to RBCs

c. Peripheral proteins / They trigger an immune response

d. Integral membrane glycoproteins or glycolipids / Substances your immune system recognizes as “normal”

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 200 answer
Foreign Blood Investigators:$200 Answer

What is the nature ofand purpose of surface antigens on RBCs?

a. Glycoproteins in the cytoplasm / Substances that your body recognizes as foreign

b. Receptor proteins / They aid the entry of oxygen to RBCs

c. Peripheral proteins / They trigger an immune response

d. Integral membrane glycoproteins or glycolipids / Substances your immune system recognizes as “normal”

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 300 question
Foreign Blood Investigators:$300 Question

Which type of WBC is found in greatest numbers in an infected cut?

a. Monocytes

b. Neutrophils

c. B lymphocytes

d. Eosinophils

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 300 answer
Foreign Blood Investigators:$300 Answer

Which type of WBC is found in greatest numbers in an infected cut?

a. Monocytes

b. Neutrophils

c. B lymphocytes

d. Eosinophils

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 400 question
Foreign Blood Investigators:$400 Question

Monocytes transform into ____ in tissues, where they ____.

a. Basophils / Exacerbate inflammation

b. Plasma cells / Synthesize and release antibodies

c. Macrophages / Are phagocytic and release chemicals that attract neutrophils

d. Natural Killer cells / Detect and destroy abnormal tissue cells

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 400 answer
Foreign Blood Investigators:$400 Answer

Monocytes transform into ____ in tissues, where they ____.

a. Basophils / Exacerbate inflammation

b. Plasma cells / Synthesize and release antibodies

c. Macrophages / Are phagocytic and release chemicals that attract neutrophils

d. Natural Killer cells / Detect and destroy abnormal tissue cells

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 500 question
Foreign Blood Investigators:$500 Question

Sam has an infestation of large parasitic worms. Which of the following will happen?

a. Eosinophils will release cytotoxic enzymes from their granules.

b. Lymphocytes will engulf the worms by phagocytosis.

c. Basophils will release histamine.

d. All types of WBCs will be damaged by the parasites, causing leukopenia.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

f oreign b lood i nvestigators 500 answer
Foreign Blood Investigators:$500 Answer

Sam has an infestation of large parasitic worms. Which of the following will happen?

a. Eosinophils will release cytotoxic enzymes from their granules.

b. Lymphocytes will engulf the worms by phagocytosis.

c. Basophils will release histamine.

d. All types of WBCs will be damaged by the parasites, causing leukopenia.

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 100 question
Are You My Type?:$100 Question

If Sarah has surface antigen A on her RBCs, what blood type does she have? What type of antibodies are in her plasma?

a. O / Anti-A and anti-B

b. B / Anti-A

c. A / Anti-B

d. AB / None

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 100 answer
Are You My Type?:$100 Answer

If Sarah has surface antigen A on her RBCs, what blood type does she have? What type of antibodies are in her plasma?

a. O / Anti-A and anti-B

b. B / Anti-A

c. A / Anti-B

d. AB / None

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 200 question
Are You My Type?:$200 Question

Christopher has blood type O. What type(s) can he receive from a donor? Why?

a. O / He has anti-A and anti B antibodies in his plasma

b. A, B, or O / He has no surface antigens on his RBCs

c. A or O / He has anti-B surface antigens on his RBCs

d. None of the above is correct.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 200 answer
Are You My Type?:$200 Answer

Christopher has blood type O. What type(s) can he receive from a donor? Why?

a. O / He has anti-A and anti B antibodies in his plasma

b. A, B, or O / He has no surface antigens on his RBCs

c. A or O / He has anti-B surface antigens on his RBCs

d. None of the above is correct.

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 300 question
Are You My Type?:$300 Question

Why can’t a person with Type A blood safely receive blood from a person with Type B blood?

a. Mixing blood types causes infections in the recipient.

b. The anti-A antibodies in Type A’s plasma would react with Type B’s donated blood.

c. Type B blood would agglutinate in the recipient’s blood vessels and plug small vessels to vital organs.

d. All of the above are correct.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 300 answer
Are You My Type?:$300 Answer

Why can’t a person with Type A blood safely receive blood from a person with Type B blood?

a. Mixing blood types causes infections in the recipient.

b. The anti-A antibodies in Type A’s plasma would react with Type B’s donated blood.

c. Type B blood would agglutinate in the recipient’s blood vessels and plug small vessels to vital organs.

d. All of the above are correct.

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 400 question
Are You My Type?:$400 Question

Why is it unlikely that the antibodies in a Type O donors plasma would cause a transfusion reaction in a Type A recipient?

a. Surface antigens on RBCs are more important in determining compatibility.

b. The plasma portion of donated blood is tiny when compared to the volume of plasma in the recipient’s body.

c. Plasma is not transfused in blood donations.

d. O blood doesn’t have any antibodies in it s plasma.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 400 answer
Are You My Type?:$400 Answer

Why is it unlikely that the antibodies in a Type O donors plasma would cause a transfusion reaction in a Type A recipient?

a. Surface antigens on RBCs are more important in determining compatibility.

b. The plasma portion of donated blood is tiny when compared to the volume of plasma in the recipient’s body.

c. Plasma is not transfused in blood donations.

d. O blood doesn’t have any antibodies in it s plasma.

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 500 question
Are You My Type?:$500 Question

Why is cross-matching performed, though both donor and recipient are known to be the same blood type?

a. It reveals the presence of potential cross-reactions with surface antigens other than A, B, and Rh.

b. It ensures that neither donor nor recipient is anemic.

c. It confirms the HIV status of the donor.

d. It ensures that the donor does not have WBCs outside the normal range.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

are you my type 500 answer
Are You My Type?:$500 Answer

Why is cross-matching performed, though both donor and recipient are known to be the same blood type?

a. It reveals the presence of potential cross-reactions with surface antigens other than A, B, and Rh.

b. It ensures that neither donor nor recipient is anemic.

c. It confirms the HIV status of the donor.

d. It ensures that the donor does not have WBCs outside the normal range.

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 100 question
You’re a Pint Low:$100 Question

Which of the phases of hemostasis occurs first?

a. Platelet phase

b. Vascular phase

c. Fibrinolysis phase

d. Coagulation phase

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 100 answer
You’re a Pint Low:$100 Answer

Which of the phases of hemostasis occurs first?

a. Platelet phase

b. Vascular phase

c. Fibrinolysis phase

d. Coagulation phase

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 200 question
You’re a Pint Low:$200 Question

A deficiency of albumin in plasma contributes to ___.

a. A decrease in the ability for blood to clot

b. A decrease in the ability to fight infection

c. A decrease in osmotic pressure and decrease in transport of fatty acids

d. A decrease in transport of hormone binding proteins and steroid binding proteins

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 200 answer
You’re a Pint Low:$200 Answer

A deficiency of albumin in plasma contributes to ___.

a. A decrease in the ability for blood to clot

b. A decrease in the ability to fight infection

c. A decrease in osmotic pressure and decrease in transport of fatty acids

d. A decrease in transport of hormone binding proteins and steroid binding proteins

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 300 question
You’re a Pint Low:$300 Question

Which of the following is not true of platelets?

a. They are packets of cytoplasm produced from megakaryocytes.

b. They release chemicals important to clotting.

c. Their formation is stimulated by thrombopoietin.

d. There are about 3.5 million platelets in a microliter of blood.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 300 answer
You’re a Pint Low:$300 Answer

Which of the following is not true of platelets?

a. They are packets of cytoplasm produced from megakaryocytes.

b. They release chemicals important to clotting.

c. Their formation is stimulated by thrombopoietin.

d. There are about 3.5 million platelets in a microliter of blood.

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 400 question
You’re a Pint Low:$400 Question

Tracey has been diagnosed with pernicious anemia. Which of the following conditions contributed to his illness?

a. He has a vitamin B12 deficiency.

b. He has more than the normal percentage of RBCs.

c. He has an iron deficiency.

d. He is producing too much intrinsic factor.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 400 answer
You’re a Pint Low:$400 Answer

Tracey has been diagnosed with pernicious anemia. Which of the following conditions contributed to his illness?

a. He has a vitamin B12 deficiency.

b. He has more than the normal percentage of RBCs.

c. He has an iron deficiency.

d. He is producing too much intrinsic factor.

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 500 question
You’re a Pint Low:$500 Question

Which condition(s) stimulate the release of EPO? What is/are effects of EPO?

a. The presence of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood / Decreases the rate of hemoglobin synthesis

b. Blood flow to the kidneys declines / Stimulates increase in cell division rates of erythroblasts

c. Moving to a high altitude / Speeds up maturation of RBCs

d. B and C are correct.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

you re a pint low 500 answer
You’re a Pint Low:$500 Answer

Which condition(s) stimulate the release of EPO? What is/are effects of EPO?

a. The presence of deoxyhemoglobin in the blood / Decreases the rate of hemoglobin synthesis

b. Blood flow to the kidneys declines / Stimulates increase in cell division rates of erythroblasts

c. Moving to a high altitude / Speeds up maturation of RBCs

d. B and C are correct.

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 100 question
Thicker than H2O:$100 Question

In which organ are most plasma proteins synthesized?

a. Spleen

b. Bone marrow

c. Kidneys

d. Liver

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 100 answer
Thicker than H2O:$100 Answer

In which organ are most plasma proteins synthesized?

a. Spleen

b. Bone marrow

c. Kidneys

d. Liver

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 200 question
Thicker than H2O:$200 Question

All of the following except ____ is a major function of blood.

a. Transport of dissolved gases, nutrients and hormones

b. Stabilization of body temperature

c. Provides storage for calcium ions

d. Defense against toxins and pathogens

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 200 answer
Thicker than H2O:$200 Answer

All of the following except ____ is a major function of blood.

a. Transport of dissolved gases, nutrients and hormones

b. Stabilization of body temperature

c. Provides storage for calcium ions

d. Defense against toxins and pathogens

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 300 question
Thicker than H2O:$300 Question

Why is venipuncture a common technique for obtaining a blood sample?

a. Blood pressure is relatively low in veins.

b. Superficial veins are easy to locate.

c. Venous walls are thinner than arterial walls.

d. All of the above are correct.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 300 answer
Thicker than H2O:$300 Answer

Why is venipuncture a common technique for obtaining a blood sample?

a. Blood pressure is relatively low in veins.

b. Superficial veins are easy to locate.

c. Venous walls are thinner than arterial walls.

d. All of the above are correct.

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 400 question
Thicker than H2O:$400 Question

What is the primary difference between plasma and interstitial fluid?

a. Plasma contains significantly more protein.

b. Interstitial fluid contains no respiratory gases.

c. The concentration of ions is significantly less in plasma.

d. Interstitial fluid contributes very little to the volume of ECF in the body.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 400 answer
Thicker than H2O:$400 Answer

What is the primary difference between plasma and interstitial fluid?

a. Plasma contains significantly more protein.

b. Interstitial fluid contains no respiratory gases.

c. The concentration of ions is significantly less in plasma.

d. Interstitial fluid contributes very little to the volume of ECF in the body.

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 500 question
Thicker than H2O:$500 Question

Which characteristics of blood contribute to its high viscosity?

a. Its temperature is slightly above body temperature?

b. Interactions among proteins, formed elements, and water molecules in plasma

c. Its alkalinity

d. The percentage of body weight it comprises

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

thicker than h 2 o 500 answer
Thicker than H2O:$500 Answer

Which characteristics of blood contribute to its high viscosity?

a. Its temperature is slightly above body temperature?

b. Interactions among proteins, formed elements, and water molecules in plasma

c. Its alkalinity

d. The percentage of body weight it comprises

BACK TO GAME

final round question
FINAL ROUND Question

What contributions from the Extrinsic and Intrinsic Pathways help form the enzyme complex necessary to begin the Common Pathway?

a. Factors VIII and IX from the Extrinsic pathway / Factor VII from the Intrinsic pathway

b. Factor III from the Extrinsic pathway / Factor XII from the Intrinsic pathway

c. Factor VII from the Extrinsic Pathway / Factors VIII and IX from the Intrinsic

d. None of the above is correct.

ANSWER

BACK TO GAME

final round answer
FINAL ROUND Answer

What contributions from the Extrinsic and Intrinsic Pathways help form the enzyme complex necessary to begin the Common Pathway?

a. Factors VIII and IX from the Extrinsic pathway / Factor VII from the Intrinsic pathway

b. Factor III from the Extrinsic pathway / Factor XII from the Intrinsic pathway

c. Factor VII from the Extrinsic Pathway / Factors VIII and IX from the Intrinsic

d. None of the above is correct.

BACK TO GAME