Nuclear Disarmament and Arms Control. SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks). SALT -- Background.
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Ever since the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945, there have been attempts to bring about either complete nuclear disarmament or to achieve some sort of arms control agreement whereby the growth of nuclear stockpiles might be restricted.
China did so in 1964, India tested a nuclear device in 1974 and a number of other countries were working on developing nuclear weapons.
The desirability of disarmament or arms control naturally increased as the destructive capacity of nuclear devices grew and after the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 brought the world close to a nuclear war.
Thereafter, the USA and the USSR signed a series of historic disarmament treaties which reduced the number of nuclear weapons held by the superpowers; the INF (Intermediate-range nuclear forces) Treaty in 1987, START I (strategic arms reduction treaty) in 1991 and START II in 1993.