Austr alia's Federation. By: Henry Knights. Why and how did Australia become a nation?. Until 1901 Australia was not a nation. It was made up of six colonies which were mostly self governed but still under the laws and power of the British parliament.
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By: Henry Knights
Until 1901 Australia was not a nation. It was made up of six colonies which were mostly self governed but still under the laws and power of the British parliament.
There were problems with this arrangement as each colony had its own systems for services such as railway, schooling, taxes, post and others.
The word Federation describes a period in Australia but the word comes from the system of government known as the federal system. This was the form of government adopted from 1901 when the British Parliament passed laws for the colonies to govern in their own right.
The first Governor General was Lord Hopetown and Australia’s first Prime Minister was Sir Edmund Barton.