PHONETICS Study of the physical properties of speech-sounds – how they are made – how they are heard – how they are tr - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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PHONETICS Study of the physical properties of speech-sounds – how they are made – how they are heard – how they are tr

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  1. PHONETICS Study of the physical properties of speech-sounds – how they are made – how they are heard – how they are transmitted PHONOLOGY Study of the linguistic properties of speech-sounds – how they function in language

  2. Articulatory Phonetics Auditory Phonetics Acoustic Phonetics

  3. Articulatory Phonetics Auditory Phonetics Acoustic Phonetics

  4. phonesphonemesallophones

  5. phonesphonemesallophones

  6. phonessounds of language

  7. Segments • How thin can you slice language? • sentence • phrase • word • syllable • letter ... ?

  8. Letters ? cat rat cat cot cat cap

  9. minimal pair

  10. Letters ? cat coat caught k V t code keyed k V d right write rite r V t

  11. Segments • How thin can you slice language? • sentence • phrase • word • syllable • letter ....... phone

  12. phonessounds of language

  13. phonesphonemesallophones

  14. cat rat cat cot cat cap top stop lip milk code cold minimal pairs

  15. cat rat cat cot cat cap top stop lip milk code cold significant meaning non-predictable non-significant structure predictable

  16. cat rat cat cot cat cap top stop lip milk code cold PHONEMES ALLOPHONES

  17. phones sounds of language • phonemes significant sound differences • allophones non-significant sound differences

  18. / / phoneme [ ] [] allophone

  19. phoneme allophone

  20. from http://www.hi.is/~peturk/KENNSLA/02/TOP/phonemes.html Usually, of course, the different ALLOPHONES of the same PHONEME are all similar to each other - they form a FAMILY of sounds. But we mustn't fall into the trap of thinking that ALLOPHONIC difference is small while PHONEMIC difference is large. There is actually no real difference between these differences! We can see this by the fact that the same difference can be allophonic in one language, and phonemic in another.

  21. seat sheet massive machine basic nation

  22. She is fine as morn in May, mild, divine and clever. Like a shining summer’s day she is mine for ever. Sr. Sigurður Norland í Hindisvík

  23. Mitsubishi Subaru

  24. phoneme allophone Subaru Mitsubishi

  25. this theatre

  26. think this thought þ ð þ

  27. þessi þýðing

  28. þessi þýðing