Phonetics: the Sounds of Language Lecture #3 What is Phonetics? Phonetics is the study of the sounds of language. A phonetician asks questions like: How many sounds are there? What is the best way to describe these sounds? Phonetics Phonemes Smallest discrete units of sound
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What are some of the sounds (phonemes) of English?
Parts of the Vocal Tract
alveolar ridge—bony area behind teeth
hard palate—roof of mouth
velum (soft palate)—soft area at back of throat
pat, bat, mat
tin, din, nine, sign, zip, lip, rip
cheep, jeep, sheep, azure
came, game, sing
pat, bat, tag, dog, cake, gate
face, vase, thin, those, sip, zip, shin, azure
mine, nine, sing
pay/bay, face/vase, thin/these, tin/din, sip/zip, hash/azure, chin/gin, cap/gap