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Nuclear post Fukushima: the position of WEC Members Alessandro Clerici WEC Chair of Study Group “Survey of Energy Resources and Technologies” and of “Nuclear Task Force” & Senior Advisor to The President of ABB Italy. Index. Global Energy Situation WEC Nuclear Task Force
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the position of WEC Members
WEC Chair of Study Group “Survey of Energy Resources and Technologies” and of “Nuclear Task Force”
Senior Advisor to The President of ABB Italy
Global Energy Situation
WEC Nuclear Task Force
The positions of WEC members
Worldwide 40% of CO2 emissions are caused by production of electricity: 10 bt/year (while transports are at 6 bt).
EC reduction target of CO2 is 20% in 2020 (0.8 bt/year), equal to less than 2% of the expected global emissions in 2020.
ENERGY and ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS are GLOBAL
EVERYONE MUST CONTRIBUTE
Primary energy demand
What are the prevailing trends impacting energy?-Growth in population, increased urbanization/large cities- Living standards and demand increase especially in LDC’s,- CO2 emissions
All values rebased to 100
Source: International Energy Agency, Global Insight
World energy demand expands by 45% between now and 2030 – an average rate of increase of 1.6% per year – with coal accounting for more than a third of the overall rise
are largeand economic for stable oil prices above 90 US$/bbl.
2 countries ~ 40% global production
and in great majority from coal
Coal 38.7% 41.7%
Oil 7.4% 64.7% 4.2% 66.6%
Gas 18.6% 20.7%
Nuclear 17.1% 13.4%
Hydro 16.5% 16.2%
Biomasses 1.1% 18.2% 1.5% 20%
Other Renewables 0.6% 2.3%
Elaborations from IEA
Meeting the energy challenges requires the world to:
Reduce the correlation between economic growth and energy use
Reduce the correlation between energy production and emissions
Carbon capture (CCS)
Reduction of energy
Source: ABB Presentation at WEC Montreal
Strong link between Energy Efficiency and Renewables.
Technology driven but affected also by legislations, standards, “life cycle culture”.
The Future of Nuclear
Chapter 1– Introduction
Chapter 2– Recommendations
Chapter 3– Findings from the WEC Nuclear Survey 2011
Chapter 4 – Current Status of Nuclear
Chapter 5– Nuclear Technology: What has changed, what is better now
Chapter 6 – Pros and Cons
Chapter 7 – Externalities of Electricity Generation
Chapter 8 – Public Reaction to Nuclear Energy in Light of Fukushima
Chapter 9 – Governance
Chapter 10 – WEC Nuclear Survey 2011
Chapter 11 – Letter sent by Pierre Gadonneix, Chairman of the World Energy Council on March 31st, 2011
Chapter 12 – Communiqués from G8 Meetings
The real looser could be not nuclear but final consumers and the environment