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Chauncey Harris’ Peripheral Model. Peripheral Model (similar to Urban Realms) Urban area = Inner CBD Suburbs (different income levels) surround CBD (these suburbs turn into..?) Offices, malls, etc. mixed in to service people All tied together by “BELTWAYS”

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chauncey harris peripheral model
Chauncey Harris’ Peripheral Model

Peripheral Model (similar to Urban Realms)

Urban area =

Inner CBD

Suburbs (different income levels) surround CBD

(these suburbs turn into..?)

Offices, malls, etc. mixed in to service people

All tied together by “BELTWAYS”

Density gradient (amount of land

& people on it) decreases as

distance from CBD increases

- extensive v. intensive

Benefits from suburban life?

Less crime

Better education

More individual space (large house, yard, garage)

Less traffic

Problems?

Urban sprawl

Creates segregation (zoning laws)

peripheral model of urban areas
Peripheral Model of Urban Areas

The central city is surrounded by a ring road (beltway), around which

are suburban areas and edge cities, shopping malls, office parks,

industrial areas, and service complexes.

urban styles around the world
Urban Styles Around the World

American v. European cities

Rich Americans → suburbs

Rich Europeans → CBD w/ rural country homes

Poor Americans → city in low density, dispersed government housing (less funded over time)

Poor Europeans → “high density” suburbs near the city (high-rise subsidized housing - concentrations of poor people create MAJOR problems)

Only 2% of USA in government housing; More of Europe (30%)

peripheral urban areas
Peripheral Urban Areas

Most LDCs put poor in suburbs & rich in CBD

Griffin-Ford (Latin American) Model = CBD with wheel-like spokes

Often grid-like organization with central plaza & boulevard (Spanish influence)

Squatter settlements (a.k.a. favela, barrio, slum, shantytown, bustee, kampongs,…“disamenity sector”) in suburbs start as illegal, temporary squatters on the periphery/city’s edge

2009 FRQ

http://www.gapminder.org/videos/a-slum-insight/

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1326187/Las-Vegas-tunnel-people-How-1-000-people-live-shimmering-strip.html

squatter settlements disamenity sectors favelas barrios slums shanty towns
Squatter Settlements (disamenity sectors, favelas, barrios, slums, shanty towns…)

Want to live here!

http://www.cnn.com/2010/WORLD/asiapcf/11/18/urban.slums/index.html?hpt=Sbin

2005 frq
2005 FRQ
  • Urban renewal = urban revitalization
  • Urban hierarchy = urban system

http://apcentral.collegeboard.com/apc/public/repository/_ap05_frq_human_geogr_45433.pdf