Disasters and What to Do About It
Oh $&%#, It’s a Hurricane !
Richard C. Harris, AIA State of Texas, Division of Emergency Management Richard.Harris@associates.dhs.gov firstname.lastname@example.org
AGENDA • Your Emergency Management Plan • Local Emergency Management • State Emergency Management • Organization for Emergency Operations • State Response Resources for Catastrophic Incidents • State Agency & Volunteer Group Resource
LOCAL EMERGENCY MGMT • Mayors & county judges have responsibility for emergency planning & response within their jurisdictions • May appoint an Emergency Mgmt Coordinator to manage the emergency management program • Local emergency management (EM) organizations may be organized at the city or county level or on an interjurisdictional basis (multiple cities & one or more counties) • Interjurisdictional EM agencies are typically supported financially by participating governments
Your Emergency Mgt Plan • Find a template @ www.state.tx.us.gov • Talk to your local RLO or Emergency Management Coordinator • Annually, review/revise your plan
STATE EMERGENCY MGMT • The Governor is responsible for dealing with threats to the State posed by natural & technological disasters & homeland security events • An Emergency Mgmt Council has been established to advise & assist the Governor in emergency management • 31 state agencies • American Red Cross & the Salvation Army
YOUR ROLE IN AN EMERGENCY • You are expected to use your plans, incident management procedures, and resources (including mutual aid resources & volunteer group or industry assistance) to respond to a emergency • If your resources are inadequate, you may request local or state gov’t assistance through their Disaster District
REQUESTING ASSISTANCE • Local disaster declaration is not required to obtain state response aid • Local disaster declaration & request to Governor for state disaster declaration is needed for recovery assistance • Sample disaster declarations in Legal Annex of local plans & DEM Recovery Manual • Sample letter to Governor & Disaster Summary Outline (DSO) in DEM Recovery Manual
Texas Disaster Districts Sherman Ochiltree Dallam Lipscomb Hansford Hemphill Hartley Moore Roberts Hutchinson Gray Carson Potter Wheeler Oldham 5B Deaf Smith Randall Armstrong Donley Collingsworth Childress Castro Briscoe Parmer Hall Swisher Hardeman Motley Cottle Wilbarger Lamb Bailey Hale Floyd Foard Wichita Clay Montague Lamar Archer Cooke Sub 5A Hockley Lubbock Crosby Dickens King Baylor Grayson Red River Cochran Knox Fannin Sub 1A Bowie Delta 1A 5A Titus Young Jack Wise Lynn Collin Terry Garza Kent Stonewall Haskell Hunt Hopkins Yoakum Denton Franklin Cass Throckmorton Morris Camp Rockwall Rains Marion Wood Parker Scurry Shackelford Palo Pinto Upshur Tarrant Fisher Jones Gaines Dawson Borden 1B Dallas Stephens Van Zandt Kaufman Harrison 4B Gregg Hood Johnson Smith Ellis Callahan Eastland Mitchell Nolan Taylor Howard Andrews Martin Erath Henderson Somervell Panola Rusk Navarro Hill Glasscock Coleman Comanche Bosque Cherokee Coke Ector Loving Winkler Anderson Midland Sterling Brown Shelby Runnels El Paso 6A Freestone Hamilton Nacogdoches McLennan San Augustine Limestone Mills Ward 6C Hudspeth Culberson Crane Sub 2B Tom Green Reagan Upton Coryell Houston Concho Leon Angelina Sabine Irion Sub 4B Falls Sub 4A Reeves San Saba McCulloch Lampasas Trinity Bell Jasper Robertson Madison Newton Schleicher Menard Pecos Burnet Polk Milam 4A Tyler Walker Mason Crockett Jeff Davis Williamson Llano Brazos San Jacinto 6B Grimes 2C Sutton Burleson Kimble Hardin Blanco Montgomery Travis Lee 2B Gillespie Terrell Washington Orange Liberty Bastrop Hays Kerr Presidio Waller Edwards Val Verde Kendall Austin Jefferson Harris Fayette Real Brewster Caldwell Comal 2A Chambers Bandera Colorado Sub 2C Guadalupe Fort Bend Gonzales Bexar Galveston Lavaca Kinney Uvalde Medina Sub 8A 3B Wilson Wharton Brazoria DeWitt Jackson Karnes Atascosa Matagorda Frio Zavala Maverick Victoria Goliad Calhoun Dimmit La Salle Bee Refugio 3A McMullen Live Oak Aransas San Patricio Jim Wells Webb Nueces Duval Sub 8A Kleberg Brooks Zapata Jim Hogg Kenedy 8A Starr Willacy Hidalgo Cameron
ROLE OF THE STATEState Operations Center • SOC in Austin monitors current threats & provides warning/notification to state agencies & local govts. • SOC monitors ongoing incidents & disseminates periodic SITREPs to state & federal agencies • On a daily basis, SOC responds to local requests for state assistance for limited emergencies
ROLE OF THE STATEState Operations Center • For major emergencies, state Emergency Management Council is convened at the SOC to coordinate state response • SOC coordinates with Governor’s Office • State disaster declarations & requests for federal declaration • Requests for use of National & State Guard • Requests for assistance from other states & federal government
REQUESTING ASSISTANCE Interstate FEMA Other States Compacts Governor Emergency Management Council STATE EOC Volunteer Groups Business/Industry DISASTER DISTRICT Volunteer Groups Business/Industry Individuals Mutual Other Local Govts Aid LOCAL GOVT
The Process • Disaster is Declared • Ask for Assistance from the Local or State Govt • FEMA will determine eligibility, scope, value of assistance, write PW and transfer funds to State • State will disperse funds and monitor repairs
Where the RLOs Work... • 23 locations statewide; work within DPS Region & District Offices • Liaisons with all political subdivisions within their area
RLO Role in Response • Gathers & reports information to the Disaster District Committees (DDC) & State Operations Center (SOC) • Advises and supports the DDCs and local government officials • On-scene at emergency events to facilitate coordination of state resources & disseminate information
RLO Role in Recovery • Views affected areas for damage & needed programs of assistance • Facilitates state & federal damage assessment surveys • Advises county judges/mayors in preparation of disaster declaration & reporting documents
HAZARD MITIGATION Texas is vulnerable to, and at risk from three main hazard categories: • Natural Hazards • Floods, Hurricanes, Tornados, Wildfires, Ice Storms, Droughts,etc. • Technological Hazards • Hazardous Materials,Dam Failures, Nuclear Accidents, Power Failures, Fires (uncontrolled- residential,commercial, and Industrial) • Human-caused Hazards • Terrorists Attacks (NBC, WMD, etc.), Civil Disorder, etc.
TEXAS HAZARDS FACTS Major Disaster Declarations 1953-2004 NumberPrincipal CausePercentage 42 Floods 48 % 16 Tornadoes 18 % 23Hurricanes/Tropical Storms 26 % 6 Freezing Weather/Hail 7 % 87 Total 100 %
TEXAS HAZARDS FACTS Floods 1. Texas has had approximately 4900 flash floods between 1986 - 2004 2. Texas has 10,775,553 Floodplain acres (Louisiana--7,795,336) 3. Texas has had 34,657 repetitive structure losses @ $617 Million since 1978 (Louisiana is #1 with 55,323 losses) • 4. Texas has 12,053 Repetitive loss structures with 109 of worst 500 in the country 5. 328,259 NFIP Policies have been written with $41.3 Billion in coverage Major Disaster Declarations: 38/50%
TEXAS HAZARDS FACTS TORNADOES • Texas has averaged 148 per year between 1950-2004—Florida has averaged 85 per year • Texas averages about 49 tornado days per year (at least one tornado within a 24 hour period)—Florida averages about 31 days per year • There have been 519 Deaths in Texas between 1950 - 2004 • The vast majority are F1-F2, only one F5 each decade Major Disaster Declarations: 15/20%
TEXAS HAZARDS FACTS HURRICANES/TROPICAL STORMS • Texas has had 37 landfalls since 1900 (Florida has had 57) • Landfall average over that time is every 3.7 years • There are 22 Counties with 159 Cities or about 5,400,000 people at risk in Texas--26% of the population • Many tornadoes are spawned from hurricanes and tropical Storms (Allen-29) (Alicia-22) (Gilbert-29) (Beulah-115) Major Disaster Declarations:17/22%
HAZARD MITIGATION Definitions Mitigate(v.)–To moderate or lessen (a property of, or condition) in force or intensity; to alleviate. Mitigation(n.) – The sustained action, or actions taken to moderate or lessen (a property of, or condition) in force or intensity; to alleviate. Hazard Mitigation(n.) –To reduce, and/or eliminate, long-term risk to people, and property from hazards, and their effects.
HAZARD MITIGATION MITIGATION (purpose) • The purpose of mitigation is twofold: • To protect people and structures, and • To minimize the costs of disaster response and recovery.
HAZARD MITIGATION • The consequences of hazards are the root cause of disasters. • Preparedness, Response, and Recovery actions are reactive. Mitigation Actions are Pro-active.
HAZARD MITIGATION Mitigation’s Place in Emergency Management Planning Mitigation is the Foundation of an effective, comprehensive emergency management program.
HAZARD MITIGATION Hazard Mitigation can: • Save lives, • Reduce human suffering, • Reduce property and infrastructure damages, and • Reduce the costs of future disasters.
HAZARD MITIGATION There are Three Building Blocks to Successful Mitigation: • The Annex P of the Jurisdictions Emergency Management Plan • The Mitigation Action Plan (MAP) itself including Hazard Analysis, and • The Continued update of the MAP
HAZARD MITIGATION Building Block #1 Annex P (the Hazard Mitigation part of the Emergency Management Plan) Identifies Mitigation Coordinator and Mitigation Team Assigns responsibilities and tasks to the Team members Describes on-going program activities Consolidates resources and data Establishes Public Outreach
HAZARD MITIGATION Building Block #2 Mitigation Action Plan: • Identifies hazards • Quantifies vulnerability and risk • Prioritizes mitigation and preparedness needs • Identifies actions needed and potential projects. • Prioritizes actions/projects based on risk. • Describes benefits, costs, funding sources, work schedule, • and the primary agent for pre- and post- disaster projects.
MITIGATION ACTION PLAN The Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000 (DMA 2000), Continued Eligibility for PDM and HMGP Mitigation Grants After November 1, 2004 : … 1. If the Local Plan is State and FEMA approved The Sub-applicant is eligible for… • HMGP Planning & project grants, andPDM Planning & project grants 2. If the Local Plan is not approved by State and FEMA, The Sub-applicant is eligible for… • Only a PDM Planning grant or HMGP Planning grant
HAZARD MITIGATION Building Block #3 Updating The MAP: • Insures continued attention to problems (increase of hazard risk or vulnerability) • Insures actions (applications and their projects) are ‘Ready to Go’ when political will crystallizes, and • Documents successes for continued support
HAZARD MITIGATION What Do I Do Next? • Get Your Jurisdiction to Appoint a Hazard Mitigation Coordinator • Organize or Participate in a Community Hazard Mitigation Team • Adopt an Annex P (EMP) • Develop and Implement a Mitigation Action Plan (MAP)
HAZARD MITIGATION Successful mitigation requires a long-term commitment, active participation, and funding.
HAZARD MITIGATION Remember! Hazard Mitigation saves lives, homes and memories!!!