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Poverty Reduction Through Social Entrepreneurship and the PRESENT Bill MYRNA CLARA B. ASUNCION Assistant Director, NEDA Multisectoral Forum Series on Poverty Reduction Through Social Entrepreneurship 29 June 2012 Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Campus, Quezon City
Our Plan Anchored on: “Social Contract with the Filipino People” Overarching theme: “Good governance and Anti-corruption” Underwent Extensive public consultations
Plan Vision: Inclusive growth Higher economic growth of 7-8% per year for at least six years Growth that generates mass employment Growth that reduces poverty, including achievement of Millennium Development Goals
Plan Targets Halve the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Achieve universal primary education Eliminate gender disparity Reduce by 2/3 under-5 mortality rate Reduce by 3 quarters the maternal mortality ratio Halt spread of HIV & AIDS Halve the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water & basic sanitation
The Plan focuses on 5 Key Strategies • Stable macroeconomic environment • Ecological integrity • Education, science and technology • Peace process and national security Boost competitiveness to generate employment Develop human resources through improved social services Promote transparent and responsive governance Invest massively in physical infrastructure Improve access to financing
Boost competitiveness to generate employment Ensure competitive, sustainable and technology-based agriculture and fisheries sectors Strengthen the competitiveness of the industry and services sectors
Boost competitiveness to generate employment Reform transportation and goods production Streamline business processes Support MSMEs
Develop human resources through improved social services Achieve universal health and education coverage Converge social protection programs to priority beneficiaries and target areas Accelerate asset reform in agrarian, ancestral domain and urban sectors Mainstream gender, climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction Strengthen civil society-basic sector participation and the PPP Encourage volunteerism; Develop and enhance competence of institutions in social services delivery
Develop human resources through improved social services 3 million CCT program beneficiaries in 2012 100% universal coverage in elementary education by 2015 Expanded coverage under the Philhealth’s Insurance Program Direct housing for 1.47 million households from 2011 to 2016
Chapter 8: Social Development Social Development has improved the access of Filipinos to quality basic social service delivery in education, training and culture; health and nutrition; population and development; housing; social protection; and asset reform.
MEETING THE 2015 CHALLENGE: Philippines Progress Report on the Millennium Development Goals
Philippines Progress Reports 2003 2005 2007 2010
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 It is likely that the target of halving extreme poverty by 2015 will be achieved.
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 Proportion of population living below the subsistence threshold
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 Proportion of population living below the subsistence threshold (%), 2009 Source: NSCB
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 There is a medium probability that the target of halving the incidence of poverty will be achieved.
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 Proportion of population living below the poverty threshold Source: NSCB
Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 1 Proportion of population living below the poverty threshold (%), 2009
1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age 27.3 20.6 13.7 Source: NNS, FNRI
Comments on the PRESENT Bill The intention of the Bill to reduce poverty through social entrepreneurship is consistent with the PDP’s overarching goal of inclusive growth. However, there is a need to consider the following:
Comments on the PRESENT Bill • A social enterprise is a business with a mission. Its best features are (1) private character, but cross with government as it aims to correct market failures and address equity concerns; (2) efficiency, pragmatism is a principle; and (3) sustainability, this is the distinguishing feature relative to a private enterprise or a non government organization. • Best practices and social enterprise models that could be adapted and applied to ensure success rates and sustainability.
Comments on the PRESENT Bill • Coherence with existing policies • The government has been working hard to transform the bureaucracy into an efficient and effective institution. • Rationalization program • Fiscal responsibility • Reducing red tape • Targeting system for beneficiaries
Comments on the PRESENT Bill • Consistency with the national development objectives • Significant increase in personal income and creation of massive employment opportunities • Equalizing opportunities for every Filipino • Social protection