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Learning Vocabulary Through Word Parts. T. D. James-Moss, Instructor 2013-2014. Unaffordable. UN- (not). AFFORD (able to pay/provide). -ABLE (capable or worthy). UNAFFORDABLE (not able to pay or provide) (not worthy of pay). UNBELIEVABLE. UN- (not). BELIEVE (accept as true).

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learning vocabulary through word parts
Learning Vocabulary Through Word Parts

T. D. James-Moss, Instructor

2013-2014

unaffordable
Unaffordable

UN-

(not)

AFFORD

(able to pay/provide)

-ABLE

(capable or worthy)

UNAFFORDABLE

(not able to pay or provide)

(not worthy of pay)

unbelievable
UNBELIEVABLE

UN-

(not)

BELIEVE

(accept as true)

-ABLE

(capable or worthy)

UNBELIEVABLE

(not able to accept as true)

(not worthy of being received as true)

uncivilized
UNCIVILIZED

UN-

(not)

CIVIL

(relating to citizens; polite)

-IZED

(to become or be discussed in a manner)

UNCIVILIZED

(not being a polite citizen)

(not discussed in a polite manner)

unproductive
unproductive

UN-

(not)

PRODUCT

(something made or produced)

-IVE

(doing or tending to do)

UNPRODUCTIVE

(not producing or making things)

(tending to not make things)

restart
Restart

RE-

(again; back)

START

(to begin; to react suddenly)

RESTART

(to begin again)

(to respond back suddenly)

realign
Realign

RE-

(again; back)

ALIGN

(to arrange things in a line or proper position)

REALIGN

(to line things up again)

(to line things back into their proper positions)

reflex
reflex

RE-

(again; back)

FLEX

(to bend, move or tighten)

REFLEX

(to bend again or bend back)

(to tighten again)

(to move back again)

report
report

RE-

(again; back)

PORT

(carry)

REPORT

(to carry back again)

preamble
PREAMBLE

PRE-

(before)

AMBLE

(walk slowly; walk on relaxingly)

PREAMBLE

( (to be read before you go on relaxingly)

premeditate
PREMEDITATE

PRE-

(before)

MEDITATE

(deep, quiet thought)

PREMEDITATE

(to have deep quiet thought before action)

prenuptial
PRENUPTIAL

NUPTIAL

(relating to marriage or breeding ceremonies)

PRE-

(before)

PRENUPTIAL

(before marriage)

(before the breeding season)

preadmission
PREADMISSION

PRE-

(before)

ADMIT

(to allow, admit or accept)

-ION

(an act, process or condition)

PREADMISSION

(a condition required before acceptance)

(an action required before being admitted)

biannual
biannual

BI-

(twice)

ANN/ANNU/

ENNI

(yearly)

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

BIANNUAL

(characterized as happening twice a year)

bicentennial
BICENTENNIAL

BI-

(twice)

CENT-

(one hundred)

ANN/ANNU/

ENNI

(yearly)

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

BICENTENNIAL

(characterized as happening twice every one hundred years)

bifocal
BIFOCAL

FOCUS

(central subject, interest or image)

BI-

(twice)

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

BIFOCAL

(relating to having two images/visual strengths)

bilingual
BILINGUAL

BI-

(twice)

LINGU/LINGUA

(tongue/

language)

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

BILINGUAL

(relating to two languages)

(characterized as speaking two languages)

misinform
MISINFORM

MIS-

(bad/wrong

opposite)

INFORM

(guide/direct/

make known)

MISINFORM

(to give bad guidance)

(to lead someone in a wrong direction)

(to give bad information)

misanthropic
MISANTHROPIC

MIS-

(bad/wrong

opposite)

ANTHROP/

ANTHROPO

(human/

humankind)

-IC

(having the character or attitude of/ being)

MISANTHROPIC

(having a bad attitude about people)

(hating all humans)

(hating people)

misperception
MISPERCEPTION

MIS-

(bad/wrong

opposite)

PERCEPT

(impression/

understanding)

-ION

(an act, process or condition)

MISPERCEPTION

(the process of developing a wrong impression)

(a condition of wrong understanding)

misdiagnosis
MISDIAGNOSIS

MIS-

(bad/wrong

opposite)

DIAGNOSIS

(identification of an illness)

MISDIAGNOSIS

(the wrong identification of an illness)

disability
DISABILITY

DIS-

(to deprive of or remove/to lack)

ABLE

(having power, skill, money to do)

-ITY

(quality/state/degree of)

DISABILITY

(lacking the power or skill to do)

(a quality of lack with regard to skill)

disarray
DISARRAY

DIS-

(to deprive of or remove/to lack)

ARRAY

(arrange/

position)

DISARRAY

(to remove an arrangement)

(to lack arrangement)

(to be in a messy state)

disconcert
DISCONCERT

DIS-

(to deprive of or remove/to lack)

CONCERT

(agreement/

unity/harmony)

DISCONCERT

(to deprive a group of harmony)

(to remove the unity)

dispossess
DISPOSSESS

DIS-

(to deprive of or remove/to lack)

POSSESS

(to have or own)

DISPOSSESS

(to remove a person’s ownership)

(to deprive a person of having something)

illogical
ILLOGICAL

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

IL-

(not)

LOGOS

(wisdom/

reasoning)

-IC

(having the character or attitude of/ being)

ILLOGICAL

(characterized by not having wisdom or a reasoning attitude)

illegible
ILLEGIBLE

IL-

(not)

LEGIBLE

(can be read or understood)

ILLEGIBLE

(cannot be read)

(cannot be understood, typ. penmanship)

illiterate
ILLITERATE

LITERATE

(educated/

cultured/

able to read and write)

IL-

(not)

ILLITERATE

(not educated)

(not cultured)

(not able to read and/or write)

illaudable
ILLAUDABLE

IL-

(not)

LAUD

(praise)

-ABLE

(capable or worthy)

ILLAUDABLE

(not worthy of any praise)

(not having any positive qualities)

irresponsible
IRRESPONSIBLE

RESPOND

(to react or have desired reaction to something)

IR-

(not)

-IBLE

(capable or worthy)

IRRESPONSIBLE

(not capable of reacting appropriately)

(not capable of reacting in desired way)

irrational
IRRATIONAL

IR-

(not)

RATIONAL

(thinking based on facts and reason)

IRRATIONAL

(not able to think based on facts)

(not able to decide/reason things based on fact)

irregular
irregular

REGULAR

(happening often or in same time or same way)

IR-

(not)

IRREGULAR

(not happening often)

(not happening in the same way it used to)

irrefutable
IRREFUTABLE

IR-

(not)

REFUTE

(deny truth or accuracy; prove wrong w/ evidence)

-ABLE

(capable or worthy)

IRREFUTABLE

(not capable of denying the truth of a thing)

(not able to prove a thing wrong with evidence)

nonnegotiable
NONNEGOTIABLE

NON-

(not)

NEGOTIATE

(try to reach an agreement or compromise)

-ABLE

(capable or worthy)

NONNEGOTIABLE

(not able to be compromised)

(not able to be agreed upon through discussion)

nonabrasive
NONABRASIVE

ABRASIVE

(rough/harsh/

little concern for others’ feelings)

NON-

(not)

NONABRASIVE

(not rough)

(not harsh)

(very concerned for others’ feelings)

nonsense
NONSENSE

SENSE

(body’s perception of a stimulus/sane or realistic attitude)

NON-

(not)

NONSENSE

(not perceived by another’s senses)

(not having a sane or realistic attitude)

nonsensical
NONSENSical

SENSE

(body’s perception of a stimulus/sane or realistic attitude)

-IC/-ICAL

(having the character or attitude of/ being)

NON-

(not)

NONSENSICAL

(not able to be perceived by another’s senses)

(not having a sane or realistic attitude)

nonconfrontational
NONCONFRONTATIONAL

CONFRONT

(meet someone face to face; deal with)

NON-

(not)

-ATION

(action/result of action)

-AL

(relating to/

characterized by)

NONCONFRONTATIONAL

(not characterized as meeting someone face to face)

(not dealing with things directly)

overreact
OVERREACT

OVER-

(too great/ better/ beyond)

RE-

(again)

-ACT

(to process of doing)

OVERREACT

(to act again in a way too great or beyond necessity)

overage
OVERAGE

OVER-

(too great/ better/ beyond)

-AGE

(result of/ collection/ place of)

OVERAGE

(a collection of too much/extra)

Also… (to be too old to participate)

overarching
OVERARCHING

OVER-

(too great/ better/ beyond)

ARCH

(chief/ most important/ rule)

-ING

(action/ process/ result of process)

OVERARCHING

(a rule bigger or greater than others)

(a process that is most important)

overexert
OVEREXERT

OVER-

(too great/ better/ beyond)

EXERT

(to use or put forth strength or ability)

OVEREXERT

(to put forth too great an amount of energy)

(to put forth too great an amount of ability)