Warm-up Vocabulary. Caliph – ( pg 197) a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslims Jihad – ( pg 197) “ struggle, ” “ holy war, ” war to defend the faith; warriors killed in battle go to Paradise. Caliphate the area of land controlled by a Caliph Imam
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Umayyads and Abbasids
& army are combined
Believe only descendants of Mohammed can lead the Islamic community
Umayyads were usurpers
10% of modern Muslims
Dominant in Iraq and Iran