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Scientific Method. Science philosophy involves itself in the methodology of science. Empirical knowledge – by observation - The Enlightenment (16-17 th C.). Science can’t observe everything. There is no causal relationship between an event and time Hume

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scientific method
Scientific Method

Science philosophy involves itself in the methodology of science.

Empirical knowledge – by observation

- The Enlightenment (16-17th C.)

science can t observe everything
Science can’t observe everything

There is no causal relationship between an event and time

Hume

Thus science can’t ‘prove’ anything

- All swans are white

- Water always boils at 100 degrees

science can t prove anything
Science can’t prove anything

Science can only ‘disprove’ things.

-Falsification

scientific revolutions
Scientific revolutions

Thomas Kunh (1922-1996)

when there s a conflict between observation hypothesis what do you do
When there’s a conflict between observation & hypothesis - what do you do?
  • Reject the hypothesis
  • Reject the observation
  • Accept both and make an auxiliary hypothesis
rationalist vs empiricist
Rationalist vs Empiricist

Rationalists think reason is the main source of knowledge – thus they will support a beautiful theory

Empiricists thinks experience is the main source of knowledge – thus they will usually follow the data

in reality scientists are a bit of both
In reality scientists are a bit of both

But unfortunately, this means that even falsification cannot 100% prove anything

relativist attacks on science
Relativist attacks on science

Science can’t prove anything - so it’s all just theory - so you can’t really know 100% for sure about anything, such as carbon dating, or evolution, or continental drift, or anything - so you can’t really be sure that God didn’t create the Earth 5000 years ago.

scientific attacks on religion
Scientific attacks on religion

If there is a god, then prove it!

dawkins vs god
Dawkins vs God

Science and Religion stomping all over each others’ turf

histories naughty siblings
Histories naughty siblings

Religion mis-uses relativism to claim all ways of knowing are equal

Science mis-uses it’s dominant position to undermine other forms of knowing