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Japan’s Pacific Campaign. Japan’s Empire. Expansion began in 1931 Attack on Manchuria 1937 – Invade China Expected quick victory Resistance caused war to drag on Look toward rich European colonies of SE Asia . American Response. Oct 1940 – Americans crack Japanese code

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japan s empire
Japan’s Empire
  • Expansion began in 1931
    • Attack on Manchuria
  • 1937 – Invade China
    • Expected quick victory
    • Resistance caused war to drag on
  • Look toward rich European colonies of SE Asia
american response
American Response
  • Oct 1940 – Americans crack Japanese code
    • Aware of plans for SE Asia
    • Japan could threaten US colonies
    • Americans send aid to China
  • July 1941
    • FDR cuts oil shipments to Japan
    • Japanese continue conquests
day of infamy
Day of Infamy
  • Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
    • Called for attack on US in Hawaii
  • Dec. 7, 1941 – Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor
    • 19 ships sunk or damaged
    • 2300 Americans killed
    • 1100 wounded
the phillippines
The Phillippines
  • January 1942
  • Japanese take Bataan Peninsula in April
    • Defended by Americans and Filipino forces
  • Japanese spread control to British colonies
    • Hong Kong, Malaya, Singapore
    • Dutch East Indies
slide11

“East Asia for Asiatics”

    • Anticolonialist idea used to win support
  • After victory, Japanese clearly were conquerors
    • Treated people with extreme cruelty
bataan death march
Bataan Death March
  • 70,000 Allied POWS
    • 54,000 survive march
  • 50 mile march up Bataan Peninsula
allies strike back
Allies Strike Back
  • Doolittle Raids
    • April 1942 – 16 B-25 bombers attack Tokyo
    • Did little physical damage
    • Psychological damage
      • Japan was vulnerable
battle of coral sea
Battle of Coral Sea
  • May 1942
  • Australian and US navies
  • New type of warfare
    • Ships didn’t fire a shot
    • Totally fought by planes
  • Allies lose more ships and planes
    • Victory because it stopped Japanese movement south
battle of midway
Battle of Midway
  • Admiral Nimitz had intercepted Japanese orders
    • Knew they were approaching
    • Hid and waited for attack
  • US victory
    • Turning point in the war in the Pacific
    • Crippled Japanese fleet
jump around jump around
Jump Around, Jump Around
  • Japan controlled hundreds of islands
    • Too many to take one by one
  • General Douglas MacArthur develops island hopping
    • Seize islands that weren’t well defended but were closer to Japan
    • Avoided strongholds
battle of guadalcanal
Battle of Guadalcanal
  • Japanese airbase in the Solomon islands
  • August 7, 1942
    • US Marines land on Guadalcanal
  • Battle lasts 6 months
    • 24,000 of 36,000 Japanese die
    • “the Island of Death”
battle of leyte gulf
Battle of Leyte Gulf
  • Japanese hope to destroy US Pacific Fleet
    • Lose in 4 days
    • Eliminates use as fighting force
  • Japanese begin to rely on kamikazes
    • Suicide pilots
iwo jima
Iwo Jima
  • March 1945
  • 36 days
  • 6300 deaths
  • pillboxes
  • Flag raising
  • American victory
okinawa
Okinawa
  • April 1 – June 21 1945
  • One of the wars bloodiest battles
  • Japanese lost 100,000 troops
  • Americans lose 12,000
manhattan project
Manhattan Project
  • Top-secret US program
  • Developed Atomic Bomb
    • Headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer
  • First exploded July 16, 1945
  • Truman warned Japanese the US had the bomb
hiroshima
Hiroshima
  • Paul Tibbets - pilot
  • Enola Gay - plane
  • Aug 6, 1945
  • 70,000 - 80,000 die immediately
nagasaki
Nagasaki
  • Aug 9, 1945
  • 70,000 killed instantly
  • MANY more of the years from radiation poisoning
japanese surrender
Japanese Surrender
  • September 2, 1945
    • General MacArthur accepts surrender on USS Missouri in Tokyo Harbor