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Das Gerundium = the Gerund. How to form Gerunds from Verbs in German. Just about any verb can be made into a noun by capitalizing the infinitive. Such nouns are always neuter and they usually correspond to the gerund ( - ing ) form in English.

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Das Gerundium = the Gerund

How to form Gerunds from Verbs in German

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Just about any verb can be made into a noun by capitalizing the infinitive. Such nouns are always neuter and they usually correspond to the gerund (-ing) form in English.

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English typically uses such gerunds without an article, German noun gerunds are often accompanied by the definite article.

These articles can change to reflect the case that the noun is used in. In this case; dative with das changing to dem

Das Gehenfälltmirschwer.

Walking is difficult for me.

WannwerdenwirmitdemSingenanfangen?

When will we start singing?

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There is another kind of gerund that implies disapproval of the action. The ending of this form is "-erei" ( "-lerei" or "erei" ). It does not have a plural, and its gender is feminine.

arbeiten – to work

die Arbeiterei

this silly working

die Lächelrei

lächeln – to smile

this silly smiling

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Another way to form a Gerund, this one also expressing disapproval, is to place the prefix ge- (after the separable prefix), if the verb doesn't have a permanent prefix, and then attach the ending -e ( -el, -er ).

fahren – to drive

Das Gefahre

this silly driving

Das Gelaufe

laufen – to run

this silly running

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In English, we form the present progressive tense through the use of gerunds, but in German they do not.

I am driving to school.

IchfahrezurSchule.

This can be translated as…either…

I drive to school. (present tense)

I am driving to school. (present perfect tense)

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Adjective forms can also be made in German that resemble Gerunds by adding end to the root of the verb from which it came. These adjectives will take endings to match the case of the noun they are describing.

wachsen – to grow

Das Wachsen – the growing

wachsend - growing

Derwachsende Baum wirdimmergrößer.

Baum is the subject = Nominative Case = add e to adjective. (der Baum)

strahlen – to beam

Das Strahlen – the beaming

strahlend - beaming

Ichsehe den strahlenden Stern.

Stern is the direct object = Accusative Case = add en to adjective. (der Stern)