Das Gerundium = the Gerund. How to form Gerunds from Verbs in German. Just about any verb can be made into a noun by capitalizing the infinitive. Such nouns are always neuter and they usually correspond to the gerund ( - ing ) form in English.
How to form Gerunds from Verbs in German
Just about any verb can be made into a noun by capitalizing the infinitive. Such nouns are always neuter and they usually correspond to the gerund (-ing) form in English.
English typically uses such gerunds without an article, German noun gerunds are often accompanied by the definite article.
These articles can change to reflect the case that the noun is used in. In this case; dative with das changing to dem
Walking is difficult for me.
When will we start singing?
There is another kind of gerund that implies disapproval of the action. The ending of this form is "-erei" ( "-lerei" or "erei" ). It does not have a plural, and its gender is feminine.
arbeiten – to work
this silly working
lächeln – to smile
this silly smiling
Another way to form a Gerund, this one also expressing disapproval, is to place the prefix ge- (after the separable prefix), if the verb doesn't have a permanent prefix, and then attach the ending -e ( -el, -er ).
fahren – to drive
this silly driving
laufen – to run
this silly running
In English, we form the present progressive tense through the use of gerunds, but in German they do not.
I am driving to school.
This can be translated as…either…
I drive to school. (present tense)
I am driving to school. (present perfect tense)
Adjective forms can also be made in German that resemble Gerunds by adding end to the root of the verb from which it came. These adjectives will take endings to match the case of the noun they are describing.
wachsen – to grow
Das Wachsen – the growing
wachsend - growing
Derwachsende Baum wirdimmergrößer.
Baum is the subject = Nominative Case = add e to adjective. (der Baum)
strahlen – to beam
Das Strahlen – the beaming
strahlend - beaming
Ichsehe den strahlenden Stern.
Stern is the direct object = Accusative Case = add en to adjective. (der Stern)