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Development and evaluation of an online writing tutorial for English paraphrasing and citation: DWright . Gi -Zen Liu, Ph.D. gizen@mail.ncku.edu.tw. Foreign Languages & Literature Department National Cheng Kung University. Outline of the presentation. Design background

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Development and evaluation of an online writing tutorial for English paraphrasing and citation:DWright

Gi-Zen Liu, Ph.D.

gizen@mail.ncku.edu.tw

Foreign Languages & Literature Department

National Cheng Kung University

outline of the presentation
Outline of the presentation
  • Design background
    • A brief introduction of DWright
  • Purpose of the study
  • Methodology
    • Procedure & instrument
    • Participants & their background
  • Results
    • Content effectiveness, system ease of use, user attitudes
  • Discussion, findings & conclusion
design background 1 1
Design background (1-1)
  • Web-based instruction (WBI):
    • A force of transformation towards traditional pedagogy & language learners
  • Information & communication technology (ICT):
    • An effect of knowledge exchange & development
  • English publication:
    • A trend to inspire more refined scientific and social scientific research
design background 1 2
Design background (1-2)
  • Online writing tools & plagiarism detectors:
    • Inventions to help NNSE improve their writing skills and avoid unintentional plagiarism
  • Downfalls of these tools:
    • Writing tools: help improve writing quality/skills but not suffice to teach citation skills
    • Plagiarism detectors: help detect suspicious texts but not suffice to educate the users
purpose of the study
Purpose of the study
  • Evaluate DWright design on the following aspects:
    • Usefulness (Content effectiveness)
      • Material & task design and efficacy
    • Usability (Ease of use)
      • Function, interface & layout design
    • User attitudes
methodology
Methodology
  • Procedure & instruction:
    • DWright introduction session
    • Q&A session
    • DWright trial (to finish all tasks)
    • Survey questionnaire
      • Quantitative results
    • Semi-structured interview
      • Qualitative results
  • Participants:
    • Gender: 14 males & 16 females
    • Education: 21 students & 9 instructors
results examples of dwright multiple choice exercises
Results: (examples of DWright multiple-choice exercises)
  • DWright multiple-choice exercises and feedbacks
discussion perceived usefulness
Discussion: perceived usefulness
  • The following factors regarding perceived usefulness could influence user attitudes:
    • Content clarity & enrichment
    • Step-by-step reading and practicing tasks to achieve learning goals
    • Practical functions
    • Useful feedbacks after practices/exercises
discussion perceived usability
Discussion: perceived usability
  • The following factors regarding perceived usability could influence user attitudes:
    • Effective & user-friendly paraphrasing functions (e.g. analyzing the texts)
    • A clear & simple layout
    • Various color labels
findings conclusion
Findings & Conclusion
  • Perceived usefulness of DWright had more impact on user attitudes than system usability did.
  • DWright met user needs by extending user’s knowledge to avoid plagiarism and by enhancing their paraphrasing and writing skills.
  • Program designers, content experts and subject teachers should support great communication to maximize the effectiveness of content usefulness to help achieve user goals.
  • A simple, easy-to-use and user-friendly design of DWright should provide an effective use and a pleasant e-learning experience and ensure learning efficacy.