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Does Exposure to University Research Make a Difference? Evidence from Europe. YannisCaloghirou National Technical University of Athens AimiliaProtogerou National Technical University of Athens Nicholas S. Vonortas George Washington University

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does exposure to university research make a difference evidence from europe

Does Exposure to University Research Make a Difference?Evidence from Europe

YannisCaloghirou

National Technical University of Athens

AimiliaProtogerou

National Technical University of Athens

Nicholas S. Vonortas

George Washington University

Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy 2013, Georgia Institute of Technology, September 26-28

TTThvdkjhfdSanTSebastian,Spain, September 8-9, 2011

definitions
Definitions
  • Types of academic entrepreneurship: narrow definition, broader definition
  • We adopt a broader definition based on company founders with prior exposure to academic research (Ph.D. holders)
  • Examine new ventures created by Ph.D. holders as a form of Knowledge-Intensive Entrepreneurship.
research question
Research question
  • Do new ventures founded by persons who have been previously exposed to academic research differ in behavior and structure from other KIE ventures?

Our conjecture is that exposure of company founders to university research affects entrepreneurial incentives and behavior in ways that reflect higher levels of creation and use of scientific and technological knowledge and market niche specialization.

slide5
Data

AEGIS survey data on :

  • 4004 newly established firms (2001-2007)
  • Ten European countries

- France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom

- Denmark, Sweden

- Czech Republic, Greece, Portugal

- Croatia

  • 18 sectors in three broad sector groups

- High and medium-high tech manufacturing

- Medium-low and low-tech manufacturing

- Knowledge-intensive business services

preliminary conclusions
Preliminary Conclusions
  • At first look, young European companies whose founders have been exposed to academic research indicate, in the aggregate, a fair degree of similarity in behaviour to those whose founders have not had the same exposure.
  • Important similarities between the two groups of companies include:

- Market focus and offering novel products or services are the critical factors for creating and sustaining competitive advantage;

- Main company strategy is to offer unique products and services followed at some distance by exploiting new market niches;

- Clients are the most important source of knowledge.

preliminary conclusions1
Preliminary Conclusions
  • More careful cross-examination reveals for the former group of firms (Ph.D. founders) a picture of:
    • Extensive dependence on university graduates and post graduates as employees
    • More reliance on venture capital funding (risk-taking)
    • Higher dependence on internal R&D and external scientific and research networks as sources of knowledge
    • Higher innovative performance especially in terms of new-to- the world products
    • Increased awareness of intellectual property protection
    • Better firm performance in terms of growth and international sales