logic n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
LOGIC PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
LOGIC

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 40

LOGIC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on

LOGIC. Art and Science of Critical Thinking. PROF. SIMEON C. BERNADOS, JR. CHAIR, HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMAN KINETICS CAS, CEBU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY. VISION, MISSION, GOALS OF CTU. Mission:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'LOGIC' - reece


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
logic

LOGIC

Art and Science of Critical Thinking

PROF. SIMEON C. BERNADOS, JR.

CHAIR, HUMANITIES, SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMAN KINETICS

CAS, CEBU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY

vision mission goals of ctu
VISION, MISSION, GOALS OF CTU

Mission:

Provide advanced professional and technical instruction for special purposes, industrial trade, teacher education, agriculture, fishery, forestry, engineering, aeronautics and land-based programs, arts and sciences, health sciences, information technology and other relevant fields of study. It shall undertake research, production and extension services, and provide progressive leadership across the areas of specialization for global empowerment

vision
VISION

The center of excellence and development in research, instruction, production, and extension services for progressive leadership transcending global technological, business and industry-driven education.

slide4
GOAL

Produce knowledge-based and globally competent human resource who are reasonably flexible and attuned to the latest technology needs; strengthen academe and industry partnership; and spur effective and efficient technology management.

factors affecting analytical thinking
FACTORS AFFECTING ANALYTICAL THINKING
  • Family upbringing
  • Peer pressure
  • Fads and craze
  • Socio-cultural influences
    • Education
    • Religion
    • Hierarchy
let s try
LET’S TRY. . . .

Romantic love is a natural part of human experience, and is therefore found in all societies, in close connection with marriage.

let s try1
LET’S TRY. . . .

In all societies, some people will be unhappy or depressed; therefore, rates of suicide will tend to be the same throughout the world

implications
Implications
  • Logical thinking is vital to man’s existence
  • It is essential for the development of the human mind
  • Without the intellect:
  • Man will be devoid of morality.
  • Man will be just be any plain animal.
let s try this
LET’S TRY THIS. . .

Say something about the following statements below.

  • I believe that there is God because the Bible says so.
  • Doctors say that exercise is good. Therefore, everybody must exercise.
  • I believe that nothing is impossible with God. Therefore, God can tell a lie.
some more
SOME MORE. . .
  • Students should be allowed to open their books during examinations. After all, surgeons have X-rays to help them during operations, engineers have blueprints to guide them during construction, and teachers have books when they do prepare their lessons. Why do students are not allowed to open their books during examinations?
what is logic then
WHAT IS LOGIC THEN?
  • ORGANON (Aristotle)
  • The science of principles, laws, and methods which the mind of man in its thinking must follow for the accurate and secure attainment of truth (Bittle, 1950)
hence
Hence:

Logic = tool for the accurate and secureattainment of truth.

Note: Therefore, the mind must be freed from all prejudices or biases.

formal material logic distinguished
FORMAL & MATERIAL LOGIC: DISTINGUISHED

Trustworthiness

Truth, and

Certainty

Material LOGIC

  • of the statements involved in thinking.
for instance
FOR INSTANCE:

Every cat is an animal;

Every tiger is an animal;

Therefore, every tiger is cat.

slide27
BUT. . .

Every cat is an animal;

Every carabao is an animal;

Therefore, every carabao is cat.

logically wrong
LOGICALLY WRONG
  • The carabao is flying.
  • The birds are singing.
  • Love is blind.
  • The ship plows the sea.
formal logic
FORMAL LOGIC

Every animal is vertebrate;

Every cabbage is animal;

Ergo, every cabbage is vertebrate.

Note: The argument presupposes that cabbages are animals

slide31
thus

Formal logic does not concern itself with the things in reality, but only with the structure of the argument.

example
Example:

“My son, don’t marry that woman. Her family is of ill-repute. The mother is a prostitute and the father is a drug lord. Will a tree bear fruit not of its own kind?”