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Anatomical Planes of Reference. The 4 anatomical planes of reference are: _______________ plane: A plane that runs the length of the body and divides it into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal halves. 2. ________________ plane (mid- sagittal plane):

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Anatomical planes of reference
Anatomical Planes of Reference

  • The 4 anatomical planes of reference are:

    • _______________ plane:

      A plane that runs the length of the body and divides it into left and right parts that are not necessarily equal halves.

      2. ________________ plane (mid-sagittal plane):

      A special kind of sagittal plane that runs down the center of the body lengthwise and divides it into equal left and right halves.


Anatomical planes of reference1
Anatomical Planes of Reference

3. __________________ plane:

A plane across the body that divides it into cranial (head-end) and caudal (tail-end) parts that are not necessarily equal.

4. __________________ plane:

A plane at right angles to the sagittal and transverse planes. It divides the body into dorsal (toward the back) and ventral (toward the belly) parts that are not necessarily equal.


Directional terms
Directional Terms

  • Provide a common language for accurately and clearly describing body structures, regardless of the position of the animal’s body.

  • Terms generally occur in pairs that have opposite meanings and are used to describe relative positions of body parts.