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Preliminary Analysis of Deformation of Beryllium in a Non-Uniform Stress Field T.A. Sisneros 1 , D. W. Brown 1 , B. Clausen 1 , C.M. Cady 1 , G.T. Gray III 1 , E. Tulk 1 and J. Almer 2 1 Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 2 Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois.

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Preliminary Analysis of Deformation of Beryllium in a Non-Uniform Stress FieldT.A. Sisneros1, D. W. Brown1, B. Clausen1, C.M. Cady1, G.T. Gray III1, E. Tulk1 and J. Almer21Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico2Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois


An experimental investigation was carried out to study the stress (strain) state and dominant deformation mode in the gage section of shear compression specimens (SCS) of both textured and randomly textured polycrystalline beryllium. Due to the low crystal symmetry, beryllium, like most other hexagonal metals, must deform using a host of deformation modes, including dislocation slip and mechanical twinning, as consequence, beryllium is very brittle in tension at room temperature. SCS have two opposed slots machined at 45º with respect to the longitudinal axis, thus forming the test gage section. Beryllium samples with a distinct starting texture were deformed in-situ at strain rates of 0.0001/sec and 1/sec.The spatial variation of the lattice strains over the gauge section was measured in situ using synchrotron X-ray diffraction. The analysis is ongoing therefore, at this time we report that significant ductility, as well as twinning activity was observed in the textured material.

measurements on 1 id at advanced photon source
Measurements on 1-ID at Advanced Photon Source




Diffracted beam

Beam from monochromator


Diffracted beam



0.1x0.1mm beam

  • X-ray energy = 65KeV.
  • Beam cross section: 100mm X 100mm
  • Collection time: seconds.
  • Precision translation and rotation stages for mapping.
  • 15kN load frame.
  • ~1200C furnace.

Basal peak intensity begins to increase markedly from the initial value, signaling the detection of deformation twins

Normalized basal pole intensities (002) along the loading direction (Long.)



Deformation twins

Deformation twins


Deformed Fast

Post -deformation

Deformed Slow

Post -deformation