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Past Civilizations Group Members: Muneeb,Zarrar,M.taha,Mariya,Sehrish
THE EARLIEST HUMANS • THE WORLD IN BEGINNING • HOMO ERECTUS • HOMO SAPIENS
What is CIVILIZATION? • The word civilization comes from the Latin cavils, meaning civil, related to the Latin civic, meaning citizen, and civets, meaning city or city-state
The Islamic civilization • The religion Islam started in the deserts of Arabia with the prophet Muhammad[P.B.U.H] • The followers were called Muslims. • The holy book was Quran which was revealed on prophet Muhammad [P.B.U.H] • After some time the Islamic civilization was the best, because of the great thinkers.
Science and medicine • Medicine was a central part of medieval Islamic culture • . Responding to circumstances of time and place • The eye according to Hunan bin • Shaq . From a manuscript dated circa • 1200
Thegolden age • The Abbasidhistorical period is considered the Islamic Golden Age • During this period the Muslim world became an intellectual center for science, philosophy, medicine and education • Many notable Islamic scientists lived and practiced during the Islamic Golden Age
architecture • The Muslims were also famous for their architecture • The Great Mosque of Kairouan it is one of the masterpieces of Islamic architecture • is located in the city of Kairouan, in Tunisia.
Architecture Sultan Ahmad mosque in Istunbul
TRADE ROUTES DURING THE GOLDEN AGE MUSLIMS DID A LOT OF TRADE
art • The golden age of Islamic art lasted from 750 to the 16th century • tile-top table from the year 1560.
Science and mathamatics • Ibn Rushd • IbnSina • Aristotle
The end of the golden age • when the Mongols attacked Baghdad in 1258
Sparta Sparta was a Greek city-state. Sparta was very powerful and had its own army. Sparta conquered other city-states to gain wealth and power. There were three classes of people in Sparta. Citizens, non-citizens, and slaves.
Athens Athens was another important Greek city-state. The people of Athens wanted to rule themselves and not have a king or queen. Athens became the world’s first democracy around 508 B.C. A democracy is a government in which all citizens can vote and have equal say in what happens.
Pericles • Pericles was the leader of creating democracy in Athens. • He had many buildings constructed. • Pericles had the Parthenon and the Acropolis built.
FAMOUSGREEKS • .