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Professor Geoffrey D. Gooch Linköping University and University of Dundee

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  1. LiveDiverse Protecting biodiversity -what’s in it for us? Living near biodiversity-rich areas in Vietnam, Costa Rica, India and South Africa Professor Geoffrey D. Gooch Linköping University and University of Dundee Green Week 1st-4th June 2010

  2. The challenge is to improve Livelihoods for local people while at the same time protecting Biodiversity Can it bedone?

  3. Sustainable Livelihoods and Biodiversity in Developing Countries

  4. LiveDiverse Partners SOPPECOM

  5. LiveDiverse Partners Scotland Sweden Netherlands Italy Costa Rica Terraba River basin Vietnam Ba-Be / Na Hang Nature Conservation India Western Ghats South Africa Greater Kruger Area

  6. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam Ba Be National Park and the Na Hang Nature Reserve, NE Vietnam

  7. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam

  8. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam Both too small by themselves Need for a corridor Upgrade status of Na Hang to National Park

  9. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam

  10. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam Minority villages in and around Ba Be Tày Dao Mông

  11. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam Poor rice production 50% of national average

  12. LiveDiverse Case Area in Vietnam • L Controlled fishing Limits on net size Limits on times

  13. LiveDiverse Case Area in India The Warana River and the Chandoli National Park Tiger Reserve

  14. LiveDiverse Case Area in India

  15. LiveDiverse Case Area in India

  16. LiveDiverse Case Area in India From National Park to Tiger Reserve

  17. LiveDiverse Case Area in India 14 villages displaced when the National Park was created

  18. LiveDiverse Case Area in Costa Rica The Terraba River and Terraba- Sierpe Mangrove Reserve

  19. LiveDiverse Case Area in Costa Rica

  20. LiveDiverse Case Area in Costa Rica Mangrove Delta

  21. LiveDiverse Case Area in Costa Rica

  22. Sustainable Livelihoods and Biodiversity in Developing Countries

  23. LiveDiverse Case Area in South Africa The Greater Kruger Limpopo

  24. LiveDiverse Case Area in South Africa Mutale River Lake Fundudzi Makuya Park

  25. LiveDiverse Case Area in South Africa

  26. What are the central issues of the Livelihoods and Biodiversity Interface? • Bio-physical conditions • Socio-economic conditions • Cultural and spiritual conditions • Technology – science, engineering, management • The communication of information – knowledge • Public and stakeholder participation • Perceptions, values, norms and attitudes • Legal systems • Institutions • Combining nature, science, politics and society

  27. Science Interface Policy Stakeholders

  28. Interface of what? Interface through what? Interface for what reason? Interface for what outcome? Interfaces in livelihoods and biodiversity management

  29. How We work in LiveDiverse • 1. The creation of a multidisciplinary knowledge base and vulnerability mapping. • 2. Construction of way/methodology to identify public perceptions, beliefs, values towards biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods. • 3. Identification and mapping of the areas vulnerable • Natural science criteria • Socio-economic, legal and political • Cultural-spiritual perspective

  30. LiveDiverse • 4. The construction of a GIS vulnerability data base • 5. The identification of the biodiversity and sustainable livelihoods ‘hot-spots • a high risk (according to the natural science criteria) • and a low capability to manage those risks (according to the socio-economic, cultural-spiritual and political criteria). • 6. The use of the knowledge gained in these processes to construct biodiversity and livelihood scenarios.

  31. LiveDiverse 7. The formulation of policy recommendations through analyses of existing and possible strategies

  32. Combined GIS Mapping Combined Scenarios Policy recommendations and project proposals