Cognitive development college students information literacy
Download
1 / 32

Cognitive Development, College Students, & Information Literacy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 109 Views
  • Uploaded on

Cognitive Development, College Students, & Information Literacy. Meghan Sitar Instruction and Outreach Librarian University of Texas Libraries [email protected] www.lib.utexas.edu/services/instruction/meghan.html. Goals for Today.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Cognitive Development, College Students, & Information Literacy' - raquel


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Cognitive development college students information literacy

Cognitive Development, College Students,& Information Literacy

Meghan Sitar

Instruction and Outreach Librarian

University of Texas Libraries

[email protected]

www.lib.utexas.edu/services/instruction/meghan.html


Goals for today
Goals for Today

  • Examine models of intellectual and cognitive development in college students

  • Understand which stages most college students are at when we’re working with them as librarians

  • Discuss the challenges presented by the ACRL IL Standards and possible solutions for improving our instruction to address these challenges


Most useful references
Most Useful References

  • Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

  • Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.  


Perry s scheme 1970
Perry’s Scheme (1970)

  • Interviewed mostly male students at Harvard in the 60s

  • 9 stages of intellectualdevelopment that occur in undergraduates


Perry s scheme 19701
Perry’s Scheme (1970)

William G. Perry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_G._Perry.


Perry s scheme 19702
Perry’s Scheme (1970)

William G. Perry. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_G._Perry.


Perry s scheme 19703
Perry’s Scheme (1970)

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive Development. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.

Rapaport, W.J. William Perry’s Scheme of Intellectual and Ethical Development. http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/perry.positions.html.


Perry s scheme 19704
Perry’s Scheme (1970)

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive Development. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.

Rapaport, W.J. William Perry’s Scheme of Intellectual and Ethical Development. http://www.cse.buffalo.edu/~rapaport/perry.positions.html.


King and kitchener 1994
King and Kitchener (1994)

  • More diverse sample

  • 20-year longitudinal study

  • Based their measures on the solution of ill-structured problems

  • 7 stages of reflective judgment, similar to Perry’s Scheme


King and kitchener 19941
King and Kitchener (1994)

King, P.M. & Kitchener, K.S. (1994). Developing Reflective Judgment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers


King and kitchener 19942
King and Kitchener (1994)

King, P.M. & Kitchener, K.S. (1994). Developing Reflective Judgment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers


King and kitchener 19943
King and Kitchener (1994)

King, P.M. & Kitchener, K.S. (1994). Developing Reflective Judgment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers


Other notable models
Other notable models

Belenky et al,

Women’s Ways of

Knowing (1986)

  • Silence

  • Connected knowing, stepping into what one is trying to know rather than stepping back

Baxter Magolda,

Knowing and Reasoning

in College(1992)

  • Epistemological reflection

  • Role of gender

  • Intersections of intellectual, identity, and relational development in young adulthood

Magolda, M. B. B. (2006). Intellectual development in the college years. Change, 38(3), 50-54.


Whitmire, E. (2003). Epistemological beliefs and the information-seeking behavior of undergraduates. Library & Information Science Research, 25(2), 127-142.


Perry s students at harvard
Perry’s students at Harvard information-seeking behavior of undergraduates.

  • Most students ended freshman year at

    Position 3 or 4.

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Perry s students at harvard1
Perry’s students at Harvard information-seeking behavior of undergraduates.

  • Most students at the end of their undergraduate career had attained at leastPosition 6.

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Perry s students at harvard2
Perry’s students at Harvard information-seeking behavior of undergraduates.

  • Most of the students did not get beyond Position 5.

  • None reached Position 9.

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Other researchers using perry s scheme found that students at other institutions
Other researchers using Perry’s Scheme found that students at other institutions:

  • Reached Position 2 or 3 at the end of their freshman year

  • May reach Position 4 or 5 by the timethey graduate

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


King and kitchener
King and Kitchener at other institutions:

"the functional level…is betweenStages 3 and 4

[and] they may be able to comprehend Stage 5 concepts."'

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Keep in mind
Keep in mind… at other institutions:

  • Don’t make assumptions based on a student’s year in school.

  • Students can be at different stages in different subject areas.

  • There’s an emotional component -- stress, anxiety, and confusion can cause regression.


What are the acrl il standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally
What are the ACRL IL Standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally?

Standard One, outcome 1.f.

“the information literate student recognizes that existing information can be combined with original thought, experimentation, and/or analysis to produce new information.”

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive Development. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.


What are the acrl il standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally1
What are the ACRL IL Standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally?

Standard Two, outcome 5.a.

“the information literate student selects among various technologies the most appropriate one for the task of extractingthe needed information"

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive Development. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.


What are the acrl il standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally2
What are the ACRL IL Standards asking undergraduates to accomplish developmentally?

Standard Three

“The information literate student evaluates information and its sources critically and incorporates selected information into his or her knowledge base and value system.”

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive Development. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.


Possible solutions jackson
Possible Solutions - Jackson accomplish developmentally?

  • Lower undergraduate levels

    • Standard One, Outcome1a

      • Identification of a topic is doable

      • Identification of what type of information they might need would push development

    • Standard One, Performance Indicator 2

      • Outcomes focusing on concrete information would be doable

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Possible solutions mellon
Possible Solutions - Mellon accomplish developmentally?

Dualistic: only basic strategies for solvinginformation problems should be taught, though students should be made aware of more complex information-seekingprocesses, and they should encouraged toask questions of librarians.

Mellon, C. A. “Information Problem-Solving: A Developmental Approach to Library Instruction,” In C. Oberman and K. Strauch (eds.), Theories of Bibliographic Education: Designs for Teaching. New York: Bowker, 1981.


Possible solutions mellon1
Possible Solutions - Mellon accomplish developmentally?

Multiplistic : Mention that search strategy is a very individual thing and that the aim of a library instruction is to produce an independent library user who hasdeveloped a successful problem-solving search strategy.

Mellon, C. A. “Information Problem-Solving: A Developmental Approach to Library Instruction,” In C. Oberman and K. Strauch (eds.), Theories of Bibliographic Education: Designs for Teaching. New York: Bowker, 1981.


Possible solutions mellon2
Possible Solutions - Mellon accomplish developmentally?

Relativistic: Librarians are free to discuss all the complexities of information retrieval and evaluation and analysis of sources.

Mellon, C. A. “Information Problem-Solving: A Developmental Approach to Library Instruction,” In C. Oberman and K. Strauch (eds.), Theories of Bibliographic Education: Designs for Teaching. New York: Bowker, 1981.


Possible solutions fields
Possible Solutions - Fields accomplish developmentally?

  • Scaffolding – design prompts and questions that help students build on exiting knowledge

  • Encourage students to move beyond their current level without skipping levels

Fields, A. (2006). Ill-structured problems and the reference consultation: The librarian's role in developing student expertise,” Reference Services Review 34(3), 405-20.


Possible solutions jackson1
Possible Solutions - Jackson accomplish developmentally?

  • Make sure faculty recognize the impact of their authority on student research

    • “Find a journal article in a journal like X”

    • “Don’t use the Web”

  • Work with faculty to establish the librarian as an authority with whom students may interact

Jackson, R. (2007). Cognitive development: The missing link in teaching information literacy skills. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 46(4), 28-32.  

Jackson, R. (2008). Information literacy and its relationship to cognitive development and reflective judgment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008(114), 47-61.


Possible solutions king kitchener
Possible Solutions - King & Kitchener accomplish developmentally?

“If students perceive disrespect or lack ofemotional support, they may be less willing to . . . take the intellectualand personal risks required for development.”

King, P.M. & Kitchener, K.S. (1994). Developing Reflective Judgment. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers


Other solutions
Other solutions? accomplish developmentally?


Questions
Questions? accomplish developmentally?


ad