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Welcome to the Colby-Sawyer College Information Literacy Tutorial This tutorial is designed to teach you how to start your research, how to find the best sources and how to properly cite them . Please send all feedback to Carrie Thomas, College Librarian cathomas@colby-sawyer.edu

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  1. Welcome to the Colby-Sawyer CollegeInformation Literacy TutorialThis tutorial is designed to teach you how to start your research, how to find the best sources and how to properly cite them. Please send all feedback to Carrie Thomas, College Librariancathomas@colby-sawyer.edu This tutorial was modeled after the Pilot Information Literacy Tutorial Healey Library, U Mass., Boston. http://www.lib.umb.edu/WebTutorial/ Many thanks to them for allowing us to use it.

  2. Choose a Tutorial

  3. Getting Started

  4. Getting Started with research After completing this module, you will be able to: • State a Topic • Refine a Topic • Identify Keywords and Concepts • Create Search Strategies

  5. Begin Chapter One CONTENTS • Select a Topic • Refine a Topic • Develop a Research Question • Organize a search strategy • Refine or limit a search

  6. Beginning your Research A research topic should be:•Manageable : Do some preliminary investigative work to see if there's too much (or too little) information on the topic you've selected.  •Related to your personal interests : Choose a topic related   to your personal interests. It's likely that you'll put more effort into researching a topic that piques your curiosity and more effort can mean a better grade. Selecting a topic:Usually your professor will assign a topic to research. However, there are times a professor will ask that you select a research topic of your own. This can be difficult if you don't have any direction. Here are some tips to help you get started,

  7. Get your feet wet! If you are just starting research in a totally new area, you might want to get some background information on the field first. You can investigate sources such as these for ideas: • CQResearcher • Subject Encyclopedias • Websites • World InfoZone • Hot Paper Topics • Speech and Term Paper Topics

  8. REFINING A TOPIC When refining a topic you need to think about the scope of your subject. If you are writing a short or medium length paper you can not cover a huge topic adequately. If your topic is too broad, you will be overwhelmed with information: Conversely, if your topic is too narrow you will be frustrated trying to find information.Ask yourself these questions:

  9. Too Broad or Too Narrow Is my topic too broad? Is my topic too narrow?

  10. Exercise in Determining Scope

  11. Developing a Research QuestionState your topic in the form of a question so it’s easier to identify the main concepts Try this fun exercise in finding the main topics!

  12. Exercise In Finding The Main Topics

  13. To be sure you have located all the resources available on a topic, check for synonyms of your main concepts

  14. Further RefinementThese techniques work in most databases and on the web

  15. Congratulations!! You are done with this chapter! Please exit to the Blackboard site to review the quiz questions.

  16. Finding Books

  17. Finding Books After completing the chapter you will be able to: • Discover what books the Library owns by searching the online catalog • Understand several ways to locate books. • Learn Title and Subject searching

  18. See the Library Catalog link upper left

  19. This is the opening page of the CSC Library Catalog. "All Title Browse" is the first choice offered but you can search by author, subject or other variables by clicking on the arrow. There are many ways to search the catalog... click here to see....

  20. SELECTING A SEARCH METHODThese are some of the options available on the Basic Search screen.Choose...    Title - (Browse or Keyword)If you know a title of a bookAuthor - (Browse or Keyword)If you know an author of a bookSerial Title - (Browse)                  If you're looking to see if the library subscribes to a periodicalSubject - (Browse or Keyword)     If you need to look for a subject    We will focus on these 2 search techniques:  •Title  •Subject

  21. Doing an All Title Browse search for the word "environment" brings up 25 titles where the word environment is the first significant word in the title (ignoring the initial A, An or The in a title).

  22. All the information you need to find the book on the library shelves and to cite it in a bibliography is listed here. The section of the library where the book is shelved If book is checked out the date due back will appear here See explanation of call numbers later

  23. A Title Keyword search for "environment" produces 236 results. As you can see - the word "environment"   may occur anywhere in the title, not as just the first word.

  24. Let's try another type of search.   If you don't know the title of a book but want to find any books about a topic -You can do a Subject Keyword Search You will use this search when looking for books on a topic or subject.When you run a subject keyword search for the words "violence" and "mass media" - you come up with a list of 13 titles the library owns that have those terms in the titles or subject headings - let’s see how that works…

  25. Let’s look at title # 2 – “Where do you draw the line?”

  26. When you click on the title, the catalog record shows that the book is available. The left hand side of the page gives you the opportunity to look at more titles by this author or other books in related subjects.Clicking on Mass media - censorship

  27. Brings you to 4 other titles, two of which did not show up in the earlier search!! In this way you can move around in the catalog finding other titles that may be useful to you.

  28. CALL NUMBERSEvery book in the CSC Library has a unique number assigned to it. Think of that "call number" as the address that allows you to locate the book.A call number is actually a code of letters and numbers used to identify the subject matter of a particular item, and its exact location on the shelf.The material in the CSC Library is classified according to the Library of Congress (L.C.) Classification System. Click here for a brief look at an outline of the "L.C." classification system The call number can be found on a label on the spine of a book. It will look something like this: Lets see how well you do deciphering a catalog record Now try the Chapter 2 Quiz

  29. In order to locate a book, you must understand how the numbers are filed. In the examples below, the call numbers are arranged as they would be on the shelf - from left to right....Find the classification letter, then the number: The second section of the call number is the Cutter number   which is used to indicate the author or title.Cutter numbers (like classification numbers) are filed first alphabetically, then numerically.However, since they follow a decimal point - they are in decimal order.

  30. Congratulations!! You are done with this chapter! Please exit to the Blackboard site to review the quiz questions.

  31. Finding Articles

  32. Finding Articles After completing this module, you will be able to:1. Identify a popular magazine and a scholarly journal 2. Learn where to find periodical indexes and how to choose which one to use 3. Use periodical indexes to find articles on a topic 4. Find the articles and journals in the CSC Library . Contents  •What are Periodicals?  •Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines  •Using Indexes to locate articles  •Print Indexes  •Deciphering index information  •Finding Articles using Citation Information  •Requesting Articles from Other Libraries

  33. WHAT ARE PERIODICALS?  Colby Sawyer College Library subscribes to 600 periodicals in paper format and has access to another thousand or so in electronic format. Periodicals include journals, magazines and newspapers that are published at regular or periodic intervals (daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, etc.). Articles provide:  •Up to date information   •Information specific to your topic   •Research studies   •Opinions on current issues   •References to other sources   •Current Statistics   •Book, film and music reviews

  34. Scholarly Journals •Are written by scholars in a particular field •Have bibliographies and/or cite sources •Report original research (not personal opinions) •Use a specialized vocabulary •Are often "peer reviewed" or “refereed” which means approved by a group of experts Popular Magazines:•Are targeted toward a general audience •Often have a good deal of advertising •Rarely include references to other works •Written by journalists and staff writers •Can include opinions on current issues Scholarly Journals vs. Popular Magazines

  35. Popular Magazine Article Titles  •Try to catch the reader's attention  •Are often short and funny  •Can sound like a newspaper headline

  36. Scholarly Journal articles: • Tend to be more specific • Can be quite long • Describe the subject being discussed

  37. How do I tell the difference? • Scholarly Journals often have titles that include the words: Journal, Quarterly, Studies, Review, Bulletin • Sometimes you need to look though the periodical to determine it's nature. Quiz: Scholarly vs. Popular magazines

  38. Scholarly vs. Popular ` You will need to use an index to locate an article on a particular topic...

  39. USING ONLINE INDEXES TO LOCATE JOURNAL ARTICLESWhat is an online periodical index?   •Gives you keyword access to the articles published in journals   •Lists the basic information you need to find the article and to cite it in a bibliography or footnote (Journal Title, Article Title and Author, Volume, Date, Page Numbers)   •Sometimes includes an abstract or summary of the article and sometimes includes the full text of the article.

  40. Finding the right index:  •On the Information Resources Library Homepage click on   "Online Databases"

  41. Clicking on the "Online Databases" linkOpens this page listing all the databases the library carriesEach entry has a brief explanation of the contents of that database.

  42. PRINT INDEXES Most online indexes have limited coverage - only the last 20 years or so. Where do you look if you want to find?? *A journal article published during the Great Depression of the 1930's ?*A war correspondent's tales of World War II? * A spectator's account of the Civil Rights protests of the 1960's?Printed and bound journal indexes have been published since the late 1800's so you can use them to find articles printed over a century ago. These volumes can be found in the Reference section of the library on the main floor.

  43. Examples of print indexes:  •Art Index  •Readers Guide to Periodical Literature  •Book Review IndexWhether you are looking in a print or online journal index, the principles of citation deciphering are the same...

  44. DECIPHERING INDEX INFORMATION Index entries come in three forms: Basic CitationCitation with AbstractCitation with Full Text

  45. BASIC CITATIONContains all the information you need to locate an article in the library and to cite an article in a bibliography.It includes basic information such as:  •article title   •author(s)  •journal title   •publication date  •volume and issue numbers  •page numbers

  46. CITATION WITH ABSTRACT  •Includes all the basic information as before plus a summary or abstract (length and detail depends on the index or database)   •Abstracts help you determine if an article is really related to your topic. They can also help you determine the scope of the article (scholarly, opinion piece, etc.).

  47. CITATION WITH FULL TEXT•Includes all the information as before plus the entire text and sometimes all photos from the article.

  48. ACADEMIC SEARCH PREMIERIs one of the more popular databases or online indexes The Basic Search Screen has one window to fill in with a keyword or phrase

  49. Advanced Search ScreenGives you three windows to fill in with keywords, author names, journal titles, or subject headings Click here to try the online EBSCOHost tutorial

  50. IF IT'S NOT AVAILABLE IN FULL-TEXT - DOES THE LIBRARY OWN IT?  Let's say you found the following citation in a periodical index:

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