What is it? • An agricultural crop • Also known as “chew” “dip” “smoke” • Can be smoked, chewed, dipped and spit out • Brown cut up leaves • Main ingredient is nicotine (poisonous stimulant drug) • 2 other harmful ingredients are Tar and Carbon Monoxide
Closer look at Nicotine • A deadly poison found in tobacco leaves • It is absorbed through the lungs and membranes of the mouth • Found in cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, and chewing tobacco • One drop of pure nicotine can be fatal to humans • Highly addictive
Short term effects • Increase in blood pressure, heart rate, and blood flow from the heart • Causes the blood vessels to narrow • High blood pressure • Clothes, hair smell, bad breath • Loss of appetite • More colds, sickness
Long term effects • Chronic lung disease • Lung, larynx, esophagus, mouth, and bladder cancers • Coronary heart disease • Stroke • Bronchitis, Emphysema • Stained teeth and nails • Wrinkles (of skin)
Second Hand Smoke“Environmental Tobacco Smoke” • 3,000 non-smoking Americans die annually of lung cancer • 300,000 children have respiratory tract infections • Contains 250 chemicals known to be toxic • Almost 60 percent of U.S. children aged 3-11 years (22 million children) are exposed to secondhand smoke. • About 25% of children aged 3–11 years live with at least one smoker, compared to only about 7% of nonsmoking adults
Chewing Tobacco • A smokeless tobacco product which is chewed/sucked • One of the oldest ways to consume leaves (Native Indians) • Contains 28 carcinogens • Cause of many oral health problems • Leukoplakia is most common • Common among baseball players (“dip”)
Chewing Tobacco • Cancer of the mouth • Decay of exposed tooth roots • Pulling away of the gums from the teeth • White patches or red sores in the mouth that can turn to cancer • As dangers as smoking tobacco • Smokeless tobacco contains more nicotine than cigarettes
Smoking fact sheet • Shorten your life span by 6 ½ years • 1,000 deaths per day • 70% are more likely to die of heart disease • 1,000% more likely to die of lung cancer • 500% more likely to die of chronic bronchitis • 3,000 teens start to smoke daily • 15% of 12-17 yr olds smoke on a daily basis • 1 billion=amount of cigarettes sold to underage
Health benefits of Quitting • People who stop smoking greatly reduce their risk of dying prematurely. Benefits are greater for people who stop at earlier ages, but cessation is beneficial at all ages. • Smoking cessation lowers the risk for lung and other types of cancer. The risk for developing cancer declines with the number of years of smoking cessation. • Risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease is reduced after smoking cessation. Coronary heart disease risk is substantially reduced within 1 to 2 years of cessation.
Quitting (cont.) • Cessation reduces respiratory symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. The rate of decline in lung function is slower among persons who quit smoking. • Women who stop smoking before or during pregnancy reduce their risk for adverse reproductive outcomes such as infertility or having a low-birth-weight baby.