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Tobacco PowerPoint Presentation

Tobacco

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Tobacco

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  1. Tobacco Wellness Class 2013-2014

  2. PEER ShARE • Tell someone on your team what you know about tobacco…

  3. Double Peer share • Share with someone new about what you discussed with your first partner about tobacco… • Lets Share…

  4. Tobacco • A single puff of a tobacco cigarette contains over 4,000 harmful chemicals • 68 of them are Class A carcinogens – • Known to cause cancer • The 3 main chemicals in cigarette smoke are: • Nicotine • Tar • Carbon monoxide

  5. Nicotine • Made by tobacco plants to keep insects away • Poisonous to insects • Very physically addictive • 1/3 of all people who try a cigarette will become addicted

  6. Tobacco • Over 400,000 people die each year in the U.S. from smoking-related illnesses • 2nd hand smoke is also very harmful to health • Also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) • Passive smokers • Can cause irritated eyes, nose and throat; heart disease, allergic reactions, including asthma; lung cancer

  7. Trends • Since the 1990’s, young people have been getting smarter about using tobacco • From 1991 – 1996, there was a 50% increase of smoking among 8th and 10th graders • From 1996 – 2005, rates of smoking have declined.

  8. Adolescents and Tobacco Use • The majority of youth are smoke free • 88% of 8th graders had not used any tobacco product in the past 30 days (CDC, 2006) • 92% had not used cigarettes • 97% had not used smokeless tobacco • However, 2.6 million adolescents in U.S. smoke cigarettes • 1.3 million people under age 18 try their first cigarette • 387,000 become daily smokers • 85 - 90% of adult smokers started before age 18 • Often leads to alcohol and other drugs

  9. Short-term Consequences • Bad breath • Smelly clothes • Increased heart rate • Leads to yellow teeth and fingers

  10. Many types of tobacco:

  11. Types of Tobacco • Cigarettes • Smokeless tobacco • Chewing tobacco • Snuff • Pipe • Cigar • New electronic cigarettes • Smokeless • Still contain nicotine • Risk: nicotine poisoning • Still undergoing research and testing

  12. Smokeless cigarettes • Safer in some ways, no smoke • Risk nicotine poisoning • New, still need more testing

  13. Nicotine Poisoning • Higher doses of nicotine can cause: • Dizziness • Faintness • Rapid pulse • Cold, clammy skin • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea

  14. Tobacco Advertising • Surgeon general warnings are small, inconspicuous – tobacco companies make them as small as possible • Companies try to manipulate young people to smoke • 85% - 90 % of all smokers begin before the age of 18 • Tobacco companies spend $41.5 million on ads per day! • (That’s 15.4 billion per year)

  15. Marketing to teens

  16. Usually small and somewhat hidden on the packaging

  17. What is nicotine? • Nicotine is a stimulant that artificially speeds up the heart rate • People who smoke have an increased risk of: • Heart disease • High blood pressure

  18. Lungs • Healthy and diseased lungs from smoking

  19. Alveoli • Alveoli are little air sacs in the lungs that hold oxygen when we breathe • Once alveoli get hard from tar, like the dry sponge, they pop • The more a person smokes, the more alveoli they pop – this is called emphysema • Alveoli are like packing bubbles • The more alveoli that pop, the worse a person’s emphysema gets • Most of the time, a person with emphysema continues smoking because they are addicted • What happens to a person when their alveoli pop? • it gets harder to breathe • alveoli don’t grow back

  20. Alveoli and emphysema

  21. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Pulmonary= Lungs • Emphysema • Alveoli are damaged • Reduces amount of air exchange in lungs • Chronic bronchitis • Lining of airways is constantly irritated and inflamed • Lots of mucus in airways; hard to breathe

  22. Addiction: Nicotine and the Brain • Nicotine is extremely addictive • More addictive than heroin and cocaine • Mimics the effects of neurotransmitters in the brain • Chemicals that carry messages from one part of the brain to another • Changes number of receptors for neurotransmitters in the brain • Results in tolerance • Needing higher levels of nicotine to feels same effects.

  23. OLD SCHOOL ADS • Look to see what the ads are trying to sell…

  24. Activity time @ Stations • Groups of 4 • Collaboration of activities & worksheets • Complete worksheets by the end of the day

  25. Station #1: Worksheet #1 • Lesson #1: What Tobacco Does To Your Body • Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #13 Lesson #1

  26. Station #2: Heart Demo • To simulate what happens to the heart: • Step 1: Take your pulse • Do not take with thumb – it has its own pulse • Take with index or middle finger • Take either carotid, on neck, or radial, on the thumb side of wrist • A pulse is counted in beats per minute BPM) • Do you need to count for 60seconds? • What is an easier way? • You’ll count for 30 seconds, and multiply by 2 • Find your pulse, and begin counting when I say go. • Write down your number and multiply by 2.

  27. Station #2: Heart Demo • Now pretend you have smoked a cigarette • Nicotine is a stimulant • Speeds up the body • Speeds up the heart • How can you speed up your heart right now? • You will exercise for 60 seconds to speed up your heart • Jumping jacks, run in place, burpees, imaginary jump rope, star jump…. • Now find your new pulse rate • Nicotine raises the heart rate in a similar way

  28. Station #3: WorkSheet #2 • Lesson #2: What Tobacco Does to Your Body • Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #8 Lesson #2

  29. Station #4: Straws • Fitness Activity • Run back and forth the width of the gym • When you are done take 10 fullbreaths through the straw • This shows how your breathing can be affected if you smoke

  30. Station #5: Worksheet #3 • Lesson #3: Choosing To Be Tobacco Free • Read the pamphlet & fill out the Concept Map on Chapter #13 Lesson #3