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Agenda. Recap & Update From Juvenal to Petronius The World of the Satyricon Morality and Society Under Nero Petronius 1 Immoral Morality Discussion What Would Petronius Think?. Recap & Update. From Juvenal to Petronius. Holt Parker’s “Teratogenic Grid”.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Recap & Update
    • From Juvenal to Petronius
  • The World of the Satyricon
    • Morality and Society Under Nero
  • Petronius 1
    • Immoral Morality
  • Discussion
    • What Would Petronius Think?


recap update
Recap & Update

From Juvenal to Petronius

holt parker s teratogenic grid
Holt Parker’s “Teratogenic Grid”

Holt Parker. “The Teratogenic Grid.” Roman Sexualities. Eds. Judith P. Hallett, and Marilyn B. Skinner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997. 47–65. Print.

masculinity in petronius
Masculinity in Petronius?

(Phileros on old Chrysanthus) “And you know how old he was when he died? Seventy and then some. But carried it beautifully, hard as nails (corneolus) … he was horny (salax), right to the end. By god, I’ll bet he even pestered the dog. Boys were what he really liked (pullariuserat), but he wasn’t choosy: he’d jump anything with legs.” (pp. 51–52)

rome and the monstrous
Rome and the Monstrous

Barton, Carlin A. The Sorrows of the Ancient Romans: The Gladiator and the Monster. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

A gladiator fights his own phallus.(1st-cent. CE Wind-chime from Pompeii)

matrimonial ideology
Matrimonial Ideology
  • Maritalis affectio, adfectio coniugalis
  • Univira
  • Reverentia, obsequium
  • Concordia, consortium, societas

Treggiari, Susan. Roman Marriage: IustiConiuges from the Time of Cicero to the Time of Ulpian. Oxford and New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press, 1991. Print.


sexual social ideology law
Sexual-Social Ideology/Law
  • Lex scantinia (149 BCE)
  • Augustan marriage legislation
    • Lex iulia et papia (18 BCE, 9 CE)
    • Lex iulia de adulteriiscoercendis (9CE)

McGinn, Thomas A. Prostitution, Sexuality, and the Law in Ancient Rome. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. Print.


juvenal structure theme
Juvenal: Structure, Theme

2 Hypocritical moralists

6 Misogyny gone wild

Pudicitia’s loss

Matrimonial folly

Gallery of women

Impure maids

Lust for infamia

Imperial prostitute

Imperious wives

Adulterous wives

etc. etc.

  • Philosophers
  • Cinaedic cinaedus-bashers
  • Imperial reformer
  • Pathic lawyer
    • Lex iulia et papia
  • Roman contagion


the world of the satyricon
The World of the Satyricon

Morality and Society Under Nero

petronius and nero
Petronius and Nero
  • Nero (Nero Claudius Caesar)
    • r. 54-68
    • Philhellene
    • artiste
  • Petronius
    • arbiter elegantiae(overseer of entertainments)
    • suicide, 65 CE
    • Satyricon (episodic novel)









House of the Vettii

Peristyle Garden

Large Dining Room (triclinium)

house of the vettii pompeii
House of the Vettii, Pompeii

Large Dining Room(triclinium)

Peristyle Garden(Priapus)

Peristyle Garden



petronius 1
Petronius 1

Immoral Morality

satyricon theme and layout
Satyricon: Theme and Layout
  • Three “fratres” (brothers)
    • Encolpius
    • Ascyltus
    • Giton
  • Priapic bipolarity
    • excess
      • Trimalchio’s feast
    • depletion
      • Quartilla’s orgy
      • Encolpius’ impotence
      • Artistic decadence?



satyricon plot outline
Lost text

Encolpius & …

Lycurgus (?)

Encolpius gladiator kills Lycurgus lanista

Lichas (Enc’s affair w/ wife)

Tryphaena (theft of Giton)

“Brothers” & Quartilla

offense vs. Priapus

Preserved text

“Bros.’ ” Oratory, escapades about town

Reunion w/ Quartilla

Priapic offense atoned for?

Dinner w/ Trimalchio

Preserved text (cont.)

Eumolpus & “bros.”

Pergamene boy


reunion w/ Lichas, Tryphaena

widow of Ephesus

theft of Isis’ gear


Con in Croton

Encolpius’ impotence

w/ Circe

w/ Oenothea

Philomela lena

Eumolpus’ will

Satyricon: Plot Outline

What Would Petronius Think?

the author s complaint
The Author’s Complaint…

“Then why … must every nagging prude … denounce my work as lewd? … I write of every human act / admitted to be true. … Let prudes … heed … Epicurus …, that … pleasure is the goal of all….” (pp. 151-152)