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Safety Down Day October 2010. Thank you for your participation!. ORM. In flying, I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks.— Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900. ORM.

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Safety down day october 2010

Safety Down DayOctober 2010

Thank you for your participation!

Safety down day october 2010

In flying, I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks.— Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900

Safety down day october 2010

The 5m concept
The 5M Concept

Man, Media, Machine, Management, Mission

The 5m concept man 1
The 5M Concept – Man (1)








All of the above can degrade performance and should be considered a risk.

The 5m concept media 2
The 5M Concept – Media (2)

Media is the environment in which anyone is conducting an activity.

Snow Storm


Dust Storm

Mountain Areas

The 5m concept machine 3
The 5M Concept – Machine (3)

This is an example of the proper user interface with a computer. It minimizes the effects of muscle fatigue, carpel tunnel, and straining of the eyes, among other things. You can use ORM each day at a computer to prevent such injuries.

When dealing with a machine, knowing its maintenance history (logbook, check recent issues), performance (max weight), parts, upkeep, repair, et cetera is all important. The preflight inspection is therefore significant in order to check and review the design, maintenance, logistics, and tech data of the particular aircraft you are about to takeoff in.

The 5m concept management 4
The 5M Concept – Management (4)

Management is always YOU!

After all the regs, policies, analyses, and gathered opinions, YOU are the one who makes the final decision if the activity you are about to partake in is risky.

Does the benefit(s) outweigh the risk(s)?

YOU have the final say: Go/No-Go

The 5m concept mission 5
The 5M Concept – Mission (5)

Traffic Reports

EPA Watches

Counter Drug Ops

Search and Rescues

Operational risk management1
Operational Risk Management

Now that we’ve reviewed what contributes to ORM, where does the Civil Air Patrol stand with ORM and how do we conduct an actual ORM assessment for a situation?

Cap orm vision

“Create a Civil Air Patrol in which all personnel manage risk such that all operations are successfully completed at the least possible cost.”

CAP ORM Vision

Cap orm mission

“Enhance mission effectiveness at all levels while minimizing risk.”

CAP ORM Mission

Orm principles

Accept no unnecessary risks. minimizing risk.”

Make risk decisions at the appropriate level.

Accept risks when benefits outweigh costs.

Integrate ORM into doctrine and planning at all levels.

ORM Principles

Accept no unnecessary risk

What are the three main reasons that “unnecessary risks” are sometimes taken?

How can the taking of unnecessary risks be minimized?

Corollary is “Accept Necessary Risk”.

Accept no unnecessary risk

Flying is tough, it's even tougher if you do something stupid. Don't do nuthin dumb!

~ Ralph Royce (US WWII Army Air Forces General)

Three reasons for taking unnecessary risks

#1 - Not aware of the risk. are sometimes taken?

#2 - An incorrect assessment of cost versus benefit.

#3 - Interpreting “bold risk taking” to mean gambling.

Three reasons for taking unnecessary risks

Don’t be a show-off. Never be too proud to turn back.. There are old pilots and bold pilots, but no old, bold pilots. - E. Hamilton Lee

Procedures for minimizing the taking of unnecessary risk

Improve hazard detection procedures and awareness of risks. are sometimes taken?

Improve risk decision making skills at all levels of the organization.

Train personnel at all levels regarding the risk management “credo” not “Mission accomplishment at any cost”, but “Mission accomplishment at the least cost.”

Procedures for minimizing the taking of unnecessary risk

There is no reason to fly through a thunderstorm in peacetime.

~ Sign over squadron ops desk at Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, 1970.

The orm 6 step process
The ORM 6 - Step Process are sometimes taken?

1. Identify

the Hazards

6. Supervise

and Review

2. Assess

the Risks

5. Risk Control


3. Analyze

Risk Control


4. Make



Operational risk assessment orm simplest example
Operational Risk Assessment are sometimes taken?ORM Simplest Example

1. Identify the Hazards: Limited visibility due to the fog and a hill. You are unfamiliar with this road and have no idea what is on the other side.

2. Assess the Risks: Due to the fog and hill obstructing your vision you will have difficulty seeing traffic or obstructions on the road.

3. Analyze Risk Control Measures: You have no control over the weather but you can control your speed.

4. Make Control Decisions: Slow down. This is the only option available to you.

5. Implement Risk Controls: Slow down to a safe speed.

6. Supervise and Review: Assess whether or not your new speed is slow enough for the conditions and adjust as needed.

Hazard versus risk
HAZARD VERSUS RISK are sometimes taken?

A description of a condition that

can impair mission accomplishment.

No indication of its mission significance.


A hazard for which we have

estimated the severity,

probability, and scope

with which it can impact

our mission.



What impact on mission? are sometimes taken?

What impact on people?

What impact on things (material, facilities, environment)?


Severity categories
SEVERITY CATEGORIES are sometimes taken?

  • CATASTROPHIC - Complete mission failure, death, or loss of system

  • CRITICAL - Major mission degradation, severe injury, occupational illness, or

  • major system damage

  • MODERATE - Minor mission degradation, injury, minor occupational illness,

  • or minor system damage

  • NEGLIGIBLE - Less than minor mission degradation, injury, occupational

  • illness or minor system damage


Use the cumulative probability of all causation factors. are sometimes taken?

Express in descriptive or quantitative terms.

Use experience data when possible.

Acknowledge uncertainty.


Probability categories

Frequent are sometimes taken?






Safety down day october 2010

Probability are sometimes taken?

































Risk Levels

The Risk Assessment Index

Risk assessment detailed
Risk Assessment (detailed) are sometimes taken?

Operational risk management conclusion
Operational Risk Management are sometimes taken?Conclusion

Realize the rock is there, Analyze if the rock will cause harm, Mitigate the harm.

Don’t get caught under a boulder! But a pebble won’t hurt. (if not dropped from a large distance, that is…)

Some delaware wing mishap reports
Some Delaware Wing Mishap Reports are sometimes taken?

  • Weather damage to aircraft: snow and ice caused aircraft tail to hit ground.

  • Mitigation: Sand bag on nose during icing and heavy snow conditions

  • Cadet Laceration: due to fall over pipe sticking out of the ground

  • Mitigation: stay on lighted path; require a flashlight in night conditions while off a path; be sure grounds are safe

  • Fire during engine start: minimal damage due to situational awareness and quick action of crew

  • Mitigation: sustain the least damage by being aware and anticipating what to do in the event of a fire

  • Cadet Sprained Ankle: due to fall in hole in ground

  • Mitigation: Walk around inspection of grounds before activity

Additional information
Additional Information are sometimes taken?

AOPA Aviation Security:

Additional information available at the ORM University through the Civil Air Patrol Website:

Canadian Safety Management System (SMS) Transport Canada website

GAIN products (including risk assessment, airline flight ops, etc.) and proceedings available –

– report on Safety Management Systems on the cd and website

Aviation Conference Education (ACE) – courses

Additional information con t
Additional Information ( are sometimes taken?con’t)

FAA – introductory System Safety Course (OKC; 3-day course)$FILE/AC%20120-92.pdf

FAA Office of System Safety ( - advice on system safety issues

System Safety Handbook – FAA

Appendix to FAA order 8040.4 for FAA contact points for specific areas of expertise


– ARP4761 – guidance for airlines and other organizations

– courses/conferences

Safety down day october 2010

Thank you for your attention and as always, are sometimes taken?

Be Safe!