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Bellringer February 25, 2013. Describe what it is like to live in a city. Grab your book. . Essential Question. 2. What social, political, and environmental problems did Americans face at the turn of the 20 th century? . Vocabulary. Tenement Urbanization Ghetto Political Bosses.

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bellringer february 25 2013
BellringerFebruary 25, 2013

Describe what it is like to live in a city.

Grab your book.

essential question
Essential Question

2. What social, political, and environmental problems did Americans face at the turn of the 20th century?

  • Tenement
  • Urbanization
  • Ghetto
  • Political Bosses
city life
City Life
  • 2/3 immigrants settled in urban areas
    • NYC, Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia
  • 1920: 75% of foreign-born US residents lived in cities
  • Most cities weren’t equipped to handle massive populations
    • Streets were often flooded with waste b/c of poor sewage systems
  • Lived in ghettos
    • Section of a city inhabited primarily by people of the same race, religion, or social background, often because of discrimination.
    • Provided a sense of community/security
    • Familiar customs, foods, languages, etc.
urban living conditions
Urban Living Conditions
  • Tenement Building
    • Run-down, low rent apartments in the poorest parts of the city
    • Designed to hold as many families as possible
  • Slums
    • Poverty, neglect & overcrowding caused neighborhoods to decline
    • Soot from coal-fired steam engines/boilers made the air seem dark and dirty during the day
    • Open sewers attracted rats and other disease spreading animals
dangers of the city
Dangers of the City
  • Fires
    • Fires were a constant danger
    • Since tenement buildings were crammed together, a small fire could spread to several buildings
    • Created rapid/large fires
  • Disease
    • Contagious diseases spread quickly
    • Spread especially in summer
      • Building were hot like ovens
      • Bacteria thrived and spread
gangs of new york
Gangs of New York
  • Five Points
    • Notorious slum in Manhattan centered on the intersections of Mulberry, Anthony (now Worth St.), Cross (now Mott), Orange (now Baxter), and Little Water Street (no longer exists)
    • Today, the Five Points would be located about halfway between Chinatown and the Financial District.
    • The name Five Points derived from the five corners at this intersection
  • Five Points was dominated by rival gangs like the
    • Roach Guards (Irish, Rivals with the Bowery Boys)
    • Dead Rabbits (Former Roach Guards, now rivals with RG and BB)
    • Bowery Boys (Anti-Catholic, Anti-Irish, Rivals with the Roach Guards)
bellringer march 4 2014
BellringerMarch 4, 2014

What is one problem created by living in a city?

Grab a book.

  • Muckraker:a journalist who wrote about social, environmental, and political problems Americans faced in the early 1900s
conduct your field investigation
Conduct Your Field Investigation
  • Topic: Title
  • In this space, describe the problem using vivid and shocking language that will stir your reader into action. Write at least two sentences about the photograph. Also choose one sentence from the quotation to excerpt.
  • Read the corresponding section of Lesson 16. Then, in this space, record at least four important pieces of information about the problem.
topics by field site
Topics by Field Site
  • Field Site #1
    • Slum Life
    • The Workplace
    • Unsafe Products
  • Field Site #2
    • The Landscape
    • Natural Resources
    • Pollution
  • Field Site #3
    • Political Machines & Bosses
    • Local & State Politics
    • National Politics
  • Field Site #4
    • Social Class
    • African Americans
    • Families
    • Women
writing an investigative newspaper report
Writing an Investigative Newspaper Report

As a muckraker, you uncovered alarming information about problems in American society at the turn of the century. You will now expose what you learned to the American public by writing a newspaper report that will stir your readers to action.

  • Your article MUST include these elements:
    • An appropriate and appealing title. (5 points)
    • A byline with you and your partner’s name and an appropriate date from the time period. (5 points)
    • An introduction with a brief explanation of muckraking and an overview of what you plan to expose in your article. (10 points)
    • Two paragraphs describing each of the problems you uncovered at two of the field sites.
      • Use vivid and shocking language. (20 points)
      • Each paragraph should have at least two sentences, including at least three pieces of information from your Reading Notes (Muckraking Notepad).
    • A conclusion summarizing the reasons your readers should take action to address the problems you uncovered. (10 points)
    • A “photograph” from your investigation with a brief caption. (10 points)
      • This can be a drawing you make or a copy of a photograph from a book or the Internet. It should depict something you wrote about in the article.
    • Any other clever and creative touches that will make your article more realistic.



discussion questions
Discussion Questions
  • What might be some reasons why developments in Ukraine are important to the U.S. and Russia?
  • What do you know about socialism? What makes this form of government controversial?
  • How would you characterize today's report about poaching in the Republic of Congo?
  • Due Monday, March 10th:
    • Muckraking Newspaper
    • Unit II Packet
    • Unit II Review Sheet
    • Unit II Test Monday, March 10th