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Bellringer February 9, 20121 PowerPoint Presentation
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Bellringer February 9, 20121

Bellringer February 9, 20121

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Bellringer February 9, 20121

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  1. Bellringer February 9, 20121 • Grab your clicker • Take out your Chapter 12 Notes Guide • Take out your writing utensil

  2. Chapter 12, Section 3:The Mongols in China February 9, 2012

  3. Objective Today we are learning how the Mongols created the world’s largest land empire.

  4. The Mongols • *Mongols lived north of China in Mongolia • *Tribes raised sheep, cattle, goats, and horses

  5. The Mongols • *Steppes – wide rolling grassy plains • *Known for: • Ability to ride horses • Ability to wage war

  6. Genghis Khan • *Temujin – “blacksmith” • *1206 – Mongol leaders meet in the Gobi desert and elect Temujin; aka: Genghis Khan

  7. Genghis Khan • *Genghis Khan – “strong ruler” • Achievements: • *Brought together Mongol laws • *Set up a group of tribal chiefs to help w/ military campaigns.

  8. Genghis Khan • Army – more than 100k soldiers • *Job specialization: placed into well trained groups • *Officers chosen on a merit system • *Empire building – began with other people on the steppes.

  9. Genghis Khan • *1211- invaded China • *Terror – violent actions meant to scare people into surrendering • *Mongols become known for violence & terror which lead to surrendering.

  10. The Mongol Empire • *1227- Genghis Khan dies. • *Empire divided among 4 sons • 1258 – Baghdad falls under Mongol control • 1260- stopped from advancing past Egypt by Muslims.

  11. The Mongol Empire • *Peace = trade. • *Mongols taxed products entering trade routes that lay in their territory. (Silk Rd.) • *Adopted beliefs and customs of those they conquered. (shows respect) • *Accepted Islam

  12. The Mongol Empire • Chinese taught them: • *Gunpowder – used as an explosive • *Fire lance - used gunpowder Made them even scarier!!!

  13. Mongol Rule in China • *Kublai Khan – Genghis’ grandson • *1264 – capital moved from Karakorum to Khanbaliq • *Khanbaliq = present day Beijing • *1271 – Khan decided to be emperor of China

  14. Mongol Rule in China • *Within 10 yrs, Mongols conquered China – no more Song dynasty. • *Kublai Khan started the Yuan dynasty “beginning” • *Showed the Mongols wanted to rule China for a long time! • *Lasted 100 years

  15. Mongol Rule in China • *Kublai ruled for 30 years. • *Knew to keep Chinese scholar-officials in charge of the gov. • Khanbaliq – became known for its wide streets, beautiful palaces, and fine homes!

  16. Mongol Rule in China Differences: Similarities: • *Language • *Laws • *Customs • *Mongol rulers did not mix w/ Chinese people • *Buddhist • *Tolerant of other religions • *Kublai Khan invited Christians, Muslims, and Hindus to practice their faiths in China

  17. Mongol Rule in China • *European traveler • Came from Venice, Italy • *Kublai Khan loved his stories & sent him on fact-finding trips. (For 16 Years!!!) • *Polo returned to Europe & wrote books.

  18. Trade & Conquest • Imports- • *silver, • *spices, • *carpets, • *cotton • Exports – • *tea, • *silk, • *porcelain

  19. Trade & Conquest • *Mongols conquered Vietnam and N. Korea • *Koreans forced to build warships • *Koryo = the leaders in Korea • *Used to invade Japan