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Exploring the West. Unit 5 – Chapter 11 – Lesson 1 Pages 426 - 432. Objectives. Describe how early pioneers met the challenges of frontier life. Explain why President Jefferson agreed to buy Louisiana. Describe the expedition to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase. Vocabulary.

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exploring the west

Exploring the West

Unit 5 – Chapter 11 – Lesson 1

Pages 426 - 432

objectives
Objectives
  • Describe how early pioneers met the challenges of frontier life.
  • Explain why President Jefferson agreed to buy Louisiana.
  • Describe the expedition to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase.
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Gap – a low place between mountains
  • Pioneer – an early settler of an area
  • Consequence – result of a specific action
content focus
Content Focus
  • In the 1700s and 1800s, many immigrants came to the United States. Some crossed over the Cumberland Gap to settle the frontier.
immigrants and pioneers
Immigrants and Pioneers
  • 1700 – 1800s – Many immigrants
  • England
  • Ireland
  • Scotland
  • Germany
slide6
WHY?
  • Escape hard times
  • Escape war
  • Escape religious persecution
  • Wanted money and land
slide7
HOW?
  • Ships would land at major ports along Atlantic coast
  • New York – popular port for immigrants
where
WHERE?
  • Many wanted to go to frontier
  • WEST!
problem
PROBLEM?
  • Appalachians
  • Large barrier that prevented easy westward movement
the cumberland gap
The Cumberland Gap
  • Today located where TN, VA, KY meet
  • Native Americans had a trail over the Appalachians through the gap.
daniel boone
Daniel Boone
  • Best known PIONEER to cross Appalachian
  • Hired to widen the gap
  • Built “The Wilderness Road”
  • Becomes main route to WEST
  • 1792 – KY 15th state
  • 1st state west of Appalachians
why was wilderness road important
Why was Wilderness Road important?
  • It helped pioneers cross the Appalachian mountains – opening up the West.
hardships
Hardships
  • The Wilderness Road was difficult
  • No stores
  • Bring ALL supplies
  • Many wanted to go anyway
  • Why? East is over populated. Land west is cheaper and more available.
state of franklin
State of Franklin
  • Dispute in North Carolina
  • 3 counties in west create own state
  • John Sevier – elected governor
  • N.C. soon took back control.
tennessee tn
Tennessee (TN)
  • 1796 – 16th state
  • Sevier elected governor
  • Name comes from TANSAI = Cherokee Village
  • Admitted to Union
slide20
Ohio
  • 1803 – 17th state
  • Many settlers move in along the Ohio River area
  • 45,000 people live there
cause effect
Because more people moved west. . .

The effect is many new states are formed.

Cause & Effect
slide23

The

Louisiana

Purchase

thomas jefferson
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1801 – 3rd President
  • Goal = Expand Borders
  • Problem-U.S. no ports on Gulf of Mexico
  • Port of Orleans – owned by Spanish (remember French/Indian War?)
big purchase
Big Purchase!
  • 1801 – Spain gives France Louisiana back
  • U.S. Fear  France would build settlements and prevent Americans from moving west
  • Napoleon Bonaparte –Leader of France
jefferson takes action
Jefferson takes action
  • President Jefferson send officials to France
  • Request – U.S. wants to purchase New Orleans and Western Florida
  • This is just a small portion of Louisiana
france has problems
France has problems!
  • Going to war with Britian
  • Short on money
  • Napoleon offers to sell ALL of Louisiana (800,000 square miles) for only $15 million
slide28
SOLD!
  • April 30, 1803 the purchase is finalized
  • The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S.
why did france agree to sell louisiana
Why did France agree to sell Louisiana?
  • They needed money to fight a war against Britian
lewis clark
Lewis & Clark
  • Jefferson hires his friend Meriwether Lewis to led an expedition
  • Lewis asks his friend William Clark to come
  • Clark’s job = keep records & make maps
  • Jefferson’s task  Find most direct water route across continent
corps of discovery
Corps of Discovery
  • Team of 40
  • Called Corps of Discovery
  • York – slave owned by Clark is also on team
  • May 1804 – Leave St. Louis, MO
  • Travel by boat up Missouri River
  • Drew maps, gathered plants & animals
october
October
  • Stop for winter
  • Today North Dakota
  • Fort Mandan (Indian Village)
  • Hire French fur trader and Shoshone Indian wife, Sacagawea as guides
spring 1805
Spring 1805
  • Continue up Missouri river
  • Reach the Rocky Mountains
  • Used horses to cross
  • After, built boats
  • Clearwater, Snake, and Columbia River
success
Success!
  • November 1805
  • Reach the Pacific Ocean
  • 3,000 miles
  • 1 ½ years
winter
Winter
  • Spent at Fort Clatsop
  • Now in Oregon
  • March 1806 – head back
  • September arrive in St. Louis, MO
benefits
Benefits
  • MAPS  show mountain passes & major rivers
  • Brought back seeds, plants, and animals
  • The work done by Corps of Discovery added to the knowledge Americans had about the lands that became the WEST.
pike explores
Pike Explores
  • Zebulon Pike – 1806
  • SW area of purchase
  • Saw “Blue Mountain”
  • Now in Colorado – named Pikes Peak
pike problem
Pike Problem
  • Strayed into Spanish territory
  • Arrested
  • After release – spread word of Spanish need for manufactured goods
  • Many traveled to SW to sell goods to Spanish
how did louisiana purchase affect the u s
How did Louisiana Purchase affect the U.S.?
  • Doubled size
  • Extended border to Rocky Mountains
  • Led to exploration