Exploring the West. Unit 5 – Chapter 11 – Lesson 1 Pages 426 - 432. Objectives. Describe how early pioneers met the challenges of frontier life. Explain why President Jefferson agreed to buy Louisiana. Describe the expedition to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase. Vocabulary.
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Exploring the West Unit 5 – Chapter 11 – Lesson 1 Pages 426 - 432
Objectives • Describe how early pioneers met the challenges of frontier life. • Explain why President Jefferson agreed to buy Louisiana. • Describe the expedition to explore the lands of the Louisiana Purchase.
Vocabulary • Gap – a low place between mountains • Pioneer – an early settler of an area • Consequence – result of a specific action
Content Focus • In the 1700s and 1800s, many immigrants came to the United States. Some crossed over the Cumberland Gap to settle the frontier.
Immigrants and Pioneers • 1700 – 1800s – Many immigrants • England • Ireland • Scotland • Germany
WHY? • Escape hard times • Escape war • Escape religious persecution • Wanted money and land
HOW? • Ships would land at major ports along Atlantic coast • New York – popular port for immigrants
WHERE? • Many wanted to go to frontier • WEST!
PROBLEM? • Appalachians • Large barrier that prevented easy westward movement
The Cumberland Gap • Today located where TN, VA, KY meet • Native Americans had a trail over the Appalachians through the gap.
Daniel Boone • Best known PIONEER to cross Appalachian • Hired to widen the gap • Built “The Wilderness Road” • Becomes main route to WEST • 1792 – KY 15th state • 1st state west of Appalachians
Why was Wilderness Road important? • It helped pioneers cross the Appalachian mountains – opening up the West.
Many Americans searched for a _____ to pass through Appalachian Mountains. • GAP
Hardships • The Wilderness Road was difficult • No stores • Bring ALL supplies • Many wanted to go anyway • Why? East is over populated. Land west is cheaper and more available.
State of Franklin • Dispute in North Carolina • 3 counties in west create own state • John Sevier – elected governor • N.C. soon took back control.
Tennessee (TN) • 1796 – 16th state • Sevier elected governor • Name comes from TANSAI = Cherokee Village • Admitted to Union
Ohio • 1803 – 17th state • Many settlers move in along the Ohio River area • 45,000 people live there
Who was the first governor of Tennessee? • John Seiver
Because more people moved west. . . The effect is many new states are formed. Cause & Effect
The Louisiana Purchase
Thomas Jefferson • 1801 – 3rd President • Goal = Expand Borders • Problem-U.S. no ports on Gulf of Mexico • Port of Orleans – owned by Spanish (remember French/Indian War?)
Big Purchase! • 1801 – Spain gives France Louisiana back • U.S. Fear France would build settlements and prevent Americans from moving west • Napoleon Bonaparte –Leader of France
Jefferson takes action • President Jefferson send officials to France • Request – U.S. wants to purchase New Orleans and Western Florida • This is just a small portion of Louisiana
France has problems! • Going to war with Britian • Short on money • Napoleon offers to sell ALL of Louisiana (800,000 square miles) for only $15 million
SOLD! • April 30, 1803 the purchase is finalized • The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the U.S.
Why did France agree to sell Louisiana? • They needed money to fight a war against Britian
What agreement was made by Jefferson that doubled the size of the U.S.? • The Louisiana Purchase
Lewis & Clark • Jefferson hires his friend Meriwether Lewis to led an expedition • Lewis asks his friend William Clark to come • Clark’s job = keep records & make maps • Jefferson’s task Find most direct water route across continent
Corps of Discovery • Team of 40 • Called Corps of Discovery • York – slave owned by Clark is also on team • May 1804 – Leave St. Louis, MO • Travel by boat up Missouri River • Drew maps, gathered plants & animals
October • Stop for winter • Today North Dakota • Fort Mandan (Indian Village) • Hire French fur trader and Shoshone Indian wife, Sacagawea as guides
Spring 1805 • Continue up Missouri river • Reach the Rocky Mountains • Used horses to cross • After, built boats • Clearwater, Snake, and Columbia River
Success! • November 1805 • Reach the Pacific Ocean • 3,000 miles • 1 ½ years
Winter • Spent at Fort Clatsop • Now in Oregon • March 1806 – head back • September arrive in St. Louis, MO
Benefits • MAPS show mountain passes & major rivers • Brought back seeds, plants, and animals • The work done by Corps of Discovery added to the knowledge Americans had about the lands that became the WEST.
Pike Explores • Zebulon Pike – 1806 • SW area of purchase • Saw “Blue Mountain” • Now in Colorado – named Pikes Peak
Pike Problem • Strayed into Spanish territory • Arrested • After release – spread word of Spanish need for manufactured goods • Many traveled to SW to sell goods to Spanish
How did Louisiana Purchase affect the U.S.? • Doubled size • Extended border to Rocky Mountains • Led to exploration
What obstacle did Lewis & Clark find in their direct water route? • Rocky mountains