Project management
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Project Management. CIS 375 Bruce R. Maxim UM-Dearborn. Management Spectrum . People Product Process Project. People. Recruiting Selection Performance management Training Compensation Career development Organization Work design Team/culture development. Productivity and People.

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Project management l.jpg

Project Management

CIS 375

Bruce R. Maxim

UM-Dearborn


Management spectrum l.jpg
Management Spectrum

  • People

  • Product

  • Process

  • Project


People l.jpg
People

  • Recruiting

  • Selection

  • Performance management

  • Training

  • Compensation

  • Career development

  • Organization

  • Work design

  • Team/culture development





Software team organization l.jpg
Software team Organization

  • Democratic decentralized

    • rotating task coordinators

    • group consensus

  • Controlled decentralized

    • permanent leader

    • group problem solving

    • subgroup implementation of solutions

  • Controlled centralized

    • top level problem solving

    • internal coordination managed by team leader




Factors affecting team organization l.jpg
Factors Affecting Team Organization

  • Difficulty of problem to be solved

  • Size of resulting program

  • Team lifetime

  • Degree to which problem can be modularized

  • Required quality and reliability of the system to be built

  • Rigidity of the delivery date

  • Degree of communication required for the project


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Communication and Coordination

  • Formal, impersonal approaches

    • documents, milestones, memos

  • Formal interpersonal approaches

    • review meetings, inspections

  • Informal interpersonal approaches

    • information meetings, problem solving

  • Electronic communication

    • e-mail, bulletin boards, video conferencing

  • Interpersonal network

    • discussion with people outside project team


Product l.jpg
Product

  • Product objectives

  • Scope

  • Alternative solutions

  • Constraint tradeoffs


Product dimensions l.jpg
Product Dimensions

  • Software scope

    • context

    • information objectives

    • function

    • performance

  • Problem decomposition

    • partitioning or problem elaboration

    • focus is on functionality to be delivered and the process used to deliver it


Process l.jpg
Process

Framework activities populated with

  • Tasks milestones

  • Work products

  • Quality Assurance points


Framework activities l.jpg
Framework Activities

  • Customer communication

  • Planning

  • Risk analysis

  • Engineering

  • Construction and release

  • Customer evaluation


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Process Considerations - 1

  • Process model chosen must be appropriate for the:

    • customers

    • developers

    • characteristics of the product

    • project development environment

  • Project planning begins with melding the product and the process


Process considerations 2 l.jpg
Process Considerations - 2

  • Each function to be engineered must pass though the set of framework activities defined for a software organization

  • Work tasks may vary but the common process framework (CPF) is invariant (e.g. size does not matter)

  • Software engineer’s task is to estimate the resources required to move each function though the framework activities to produce each work product


Project l.jpg
Project

  • 90/10 Rule

    90% of the effort on project

    to accomplish 10% of the work

  • Planning

  • Monitoring

  • Controlling


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Managing the Project

  • Start on the right foot

  • Maintain momentum

  • Track progress

  • Make smart decisions

  • Conduct a postmortem analysis


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5WHH Principle

  • Why is the system being developed?

  • What will be done and When?

  • Who is responsible for a function?

  • Where are they organizationally located?

  • How will the job be done technically and managerially?

  • How much of each resource is needed?


Critical practices l.jpg
Critical Practices

  • Formal risk management

  • Empirical cost and schedule estimation

  • Metric-based project management

  • Earned value tracking

  • Defect tracking against quality targets

  • People-aware program management


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