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COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE. Communicative Competence’ s recent trends have put more attention to language as interactive communication among individuals, each with a sociocultural identity.

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Presentation Transcript
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Communicative Competence’ s recent trends have put more attention to language as interactive communication among individuals, each with a sociocultural identity.

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communicative competence enables us to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meanings interpersonally within specific contexts.

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Paulston- Hymes

Linguistic- forms

communicative competence- knowledge that enable to communicate.

James Cummins

CALP- Context-reduced- forms

BICS- Context- embedded- face to face communication.

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Canale and Swain said that CC has four components:

Grammatical competence: focused on sentence-level grammar.

Discourse competence: concerned with intersentential relationships.

Sociolinguistic Competence: knowledge of the sociocultural rules.

Strategic Competence: verbal and nonverbal communication strategies to compensate breakdowns.

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Strategic competence enhance the effectiveness of communication or to compensate for breakdowns. (Swain four years later)

Strategic competence is the way we manipulate language in order to meet communicative goals.

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Language competence

Organizational

Competence

Pragmatic

Competence

Gramatical

Competence

Textual

Competence

illuocutionary

Competence

Sociolinguistic

Competence

  • Vocabulary
  • Morphology
  • Syntax
  • Phonology/
  • Graphology
  • Cohesion
  • Rhetorical
  • Organization
  • Sensitivity to Dialectic of Variety
  • Sensitivity to Register
  • Sensitivity to Naturalness
  • Cultural references and figures of speech
  • Ideational Funtions
  • Manipulative
  • Funtions
  • Heuristic Funtions
  • Imaginative Funtions

The purpose that we accomplish with that language

Ability to manipulate language

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KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURES

Knowledge of the World

LANGUAGE COMPETENCE

Knowledge of the language

STRATEGIC COMPETENCE

PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL

MECHANISMS

CONTEXT OF

SITUATION

halliday s seven function
Halliday´s seven function

The instrumental : manipulate the environment.

The regulatory: to control of the situation.

The representational : as one sees it.

The interactional: to ensure social maintenance.

The personal: to express feelings, emotions, personality.

The heuristic: involves language used to acquire knowledge, to learn about the environment

The imaginative: to create imaginary systems or ideas.

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Curricula were organized around different functions: identifying, reporting, denying, declining an invitation, asking permission, apologizing, etc. Now it is referred to as functional syllabuses.

(Van EK and Alexander 1975)

  • Berns went on to show how context is the real key to giving meaning to both form and function.
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THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION!!!
  • It has been a nice opportunity to share our ideas with you. We hope it has been a meaningful experience for you as it has been for us.
  • Marina Escamilla