COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE. Communicative Competenceâ€™ s recent trends have put more attention to language as interactive communication among individuals, each with a sociocultural identity.
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Communicative Competence’ s recent trends have put more attention to language as interactive communication among individuals, each with a sociocultural identity.
communicative competence enables us to convey and interpret messages and to negotiate meanings interpersonally within specific contexts.
communicative competence- knowledge that enable to communicate.
CALP- Context-reduced- forms
BICS- Context- embedded- face to face communication.
Grammatical competence: focused on sentence-level grammar.
Discourse competence: concerned with intersentential relationships.
Sociolinguistic Competence: knowledge of the sociocultural rules.
Strategic Competence: verbal and nonverbal communication strategies to compensate breakdowns.
Strategic competence enhance the effectiveness of communication or to compensate for breakdowns. (Swain four years later)
Strategic competence is the way we manipulate language in order to meet communicative goals.
The purpose that we accomplish with that language
Ability to manipulate language
Knowledge of the World
Knowledge of the language
The instrumental : manipulate the environment.
The regulatory: to control of the situation.
The representational : as one sees it.
The interactional: to ensure social maintenance.
The personal: to express feelings, emotions, personality.
The heuristic: involves language used to acquire knowledge, to learn about the environment
The imaginative: to create imaginary systems or ideas.
A single sentence or conversation might incorporate many different functions simultaneously.
Curricula were organized around different functions: identifying, reporting, denying, declining an invitation, asking permission, apologizing, etc. Now it is referred to as functional syllabuses.
(Van EK and Alexander 1975)