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Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth. “The most courageous civil rights fighter in the South” -MLK . By: Muhammad Hassanali. Background/Overview.

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reverend fred shuttlesworth

Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth

“The most courageous civil rights fighter in the South”

-MLK

By: Muhammad Hassanali

background overview
Background/Overview

Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth was a civil rights leader from Birmingham, Alabama. He was born in a rural, black community on the 18th of March, 1922 and later went to school at Selma University and Alabama State Teachers College. He became a Baptist Minister and served a church the University and then later in Birmingham.

timeline
Timeline

Shuttlesworth’s house was bombed.

On May1956, he created ACMHR.

1960 he participated in sit down protests.

In 1966, Shuttlesworth became pastor of the church.

1969, went to Supreme Court

1961 he helped organized Freedom Rides

In 1957, Shuttlesworth participated in the SCLC.

1988 he found the Shuttlesworth Housing Foundation

He was born on March 18th , 1922.

alabama christian movement for human rights acmhr
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR)
  • In May 1956, Shuttlesworth created ACMHR.
  • In December 1956, the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation in Montgomery was illegal. Immediately, Shutlesworth said that the ACMHR would test segregation laws in Birmingham.
  • Unfortunately on Christmas Day, 1956 Shuttlesworth’s house was torn to pieces with the cause of a bomb. Fortunately he survived the explosion.
southern christian leadership conference sclc
Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • In 1957 Shuttlesworth joined Martin Luther King, Ralph David Abernathy, Bayard Rustin and others to form the SCLC.
  • The main objective of the SCLC was to help and direct local organizations working for the full equality of the African Americans.
  • The organization was dedicated to using nonviolence for civil rights, this is where they adopted the motto: “Not one hair of one head of one person should be harmed.
congress on racial equality core
Congress on Racial Equality (CORE)
  • In 1960, Shuttlesworth participated in sit down protests against segregated lunch counters.
  • The next year (1961) he helped CORE organize its Freedom Rides.
  • Also he led mass protests against segregation in Birmingham and this resulted in him being slammed against a wall by water from fire hoses and sent to the hospital.
shuttlesworth vs birmingham
Shuttlesworth vs. Birmingham
  • In 1969, Shuttlesworth went to the Supreme Court for helping 52 African Americans in a civil rights march unpermited in Birmingham, Alabama that was during the year 1963.
  • He was arrested and found guilty for violating section 1159 of the city’s General Code which permits the Commission to refuse a parade permit if its members believe "the public welfare, peace, safety, health, decency, good order, morals or convenience require that it be refused."
greater new light baptist church
Greater New Light Baptist Church
  • In 1966, is when Shuttlesworth became pastor of the church.
  • In 1988 he found the Shuttlesworth Housing Foundation. This organization helps low-income families to buy their own homes.
  • Shuttlesworth is still working at the Greater New Light Baptist Church and his organization has helped 460 families.
analysis
Analysis

In conclusion Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth with all his achievements helped one of the most racist states in the United States by making it accept people of colored skin.

honored
Honored

This is Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International Airport is named after him.

pictures statue
Pictures-Statue

This is a statue of Fred Shuttlesworth which is located in front of the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute and across from Kelly Ingram Park, in Birmingham, Alabama.

bibliography
Bibliography
  • "Civil Rights Movement Timeline Infoplease.com." Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free online reference, research & homework help. Infoplease.com. 7 Apr. 2009 <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/civilrightstimeline1.html>. This timeline was very useful because this is where I first found my person Fred Shuttlesworth
  • "Fred Shuttlesworth -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 7 Apr. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fred_Shuttlesworth>. The reason I used Wikipedia was because to find more facts on the information I had and I also cross referenced it with the information I had.
  • "Fred Shuttlesworth." Human & Constitutional Rights. 7 Apr. 2009 <http://www.hrcr.org/ccr/shuttlesworth.html>. This website had the same information as the others so it was a quick review and very easy to read.
  • "Fred Shuttlesworth." Spartacus Educational - Home Page. 7 Apr. 2009 <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAshutterworth.htm>. This was very relevant to my topic and gave me all the facts.
  • Infoplease: Encyclopedia, Almanac, Atlas, Biographies, Dictionary, Thesaurus. Free online reference, research & homework help. Infoplease.com. 7 Apr. 2009 <http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0900072.html>. This website helped because it gave me backround information about my person.
bibliography continued
Bibliography Continued
  • "Teachers' Domain: Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth." Teachers' Domain: Home. 07 Apr. 2009 <http://www.teachersdomain.org/resource/iml04.soc.ush.civil.shuttles>. This website provided basic background information that was easy to read.
  • Birmingham revolutionaries the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Macon, Ga: Mercer UP, 2000. This book was packed with information which was very important but again most of it was the information I read on the internet.