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FILM EDITING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FILM EDITING. Sometimes known as ‘montage’ This term is used because it suggests the ‘creation’ of meaning rather than the taking away of material Editing works through the juxtaposition of different shots to create meaning. FILM EDITING.

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film editing
FILM EDITING
  • Sometimes known as ‘montage’
  • This term is used because it suggests the ‘creation’ of meaning rather than the taking away of material
  • Editing works through the juxtaposition of different shots to create meaning
film editing1
FILM EDITING
  • There are a huge number of editing techniques which filmmakers can employ.
  • The most common of these is the cut
  • The cut is a sudden change of shot from one viewpoint or location to another
  • Always ask yourself why a cut has occurred – there is always a reason
film editing2
FILM EDITING
  • Matched cut
  • A cut in which a familiar relationship between shots make the change seem ‘smooth’
  • Jump cut
  • An abrupt switch from one scene to another, used to make a dramatic point
film editing3
FILM EDITING
  • Motivated cut
  • A cut used to show the viewer something not immediately visible
  • This is most commonly used for changes of speaker and known as shot/reverse shot
film editing4
FILM EDITING
  • Cross-cut
  • A cut from one narrative or line of action to another
  • Cutaway
  • A ‘bridging’ shot between two shots of the same subject, often used to soften uncomfortable jumps in time or space
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FILM EDITING
  • Match on action
  • A cut in which two parallel actions are mirrored in order to suggest a strong relationship between two scenes
  • Reaction shot
  • Any shot in which a participant reacts to events/action. Often used to guide the audience’s reaction to a scene
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FILM EDITING
  • Other forms of transition are also possible:
  • Fade
    • A transition to or from a blank screen (normally black)
  • Dissolve
    • A slow transition as one image merges into another
  • Both are used to suggest differences in time or place. A dissolve might also suggest a strong connection between the two scenes involved
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FILM EDITING
  • Wipe
  • An optical effect in which one shot ‘wipes’ another off the screen for dramatic effect
  • Superimposition
  • Two or more images placed directly on top of one another
  • Split screen
  • Division of screen in order to show two or more lines of action simultaneously
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FILM EDITING
  • Most films use a system of editing known as continuity editing
  • The function of this system is to make the action as fluid as possible, so that we are not aware of the construction process
  • Therefore, you need to be especially aware to spot the techniques of editing employed during a textual analysis.