editing in film n.
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Editing in Film. Transitions, Continuity, and Rhythm. what is editing?. The work of selecting and joining shots together to create a finished film. Most of the editing occurs during post-production (after the filming has been done)

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editing in film

Editing in Film

Transitions, Continuity, and Rhythm

what is editing
what is editing?
  • The work of selecting and joining shots together to create a finished film.
  • Most of the editing occurs during post-production (after the filming has been done)
  • The work is done by an editor (usually works with director, sound editor, etc.)
  • Editing shots creates a sequence
transitions
Transitions
  • the technique of juxtaposing shots together
  • in other words, how the shots are joined
transitions1
Transitions
  • Cut: one shot is instantly replaced on the screen by another shot
  • Fade In: the screen is black and a shot fades in (starts light and gets darker)
  • Fade Out: the shot gets lighter, then the screen is black
  • Dissolve: one shot fades in as another fades out; at one point, the shots are both on screen (superimposed; i.e. Psycho)
transitions2
Transitions
  • Wipe: one shot is pushed off screen by another shot; a line is usually visible
  • Iris: a circle closes down over or opens up on a shot
continuity
Continuity
  • Continuity editing:
    • Creates a smooth flow to the film
    • Makes visual and narrative sense
    • Establishes the story for the viewer
  • Created through:
    • Match Cuts: joining two cuts that have similar compositions (arrangements of elements in the frame; i.e. drain to eye in Psycho)
    • Shot-Reverse-Shot: joining different shots to tell story; common in conversations
more editing stuff
More Editing Stuff
    • Cross-Cutting: cutting back and forth quickly to show that things are happening at the same time
  • Sequence Shot
    • Along take with no editing (no cut or other transition)
  • Montage
    • Many brief shots are joined together so there is an emotional impact or visual design (shower scene in Psycho)
  • Errors in Continuity
    • Disruption in the flow; actions don’t match or props are out of place
  • Jump Cut
    • Leaves out parts of the action
    • Disrupts the continuity
more editing stuff1
More Editing Stuff
  • Split Screen: the screen is divided into different shots
  • Cutaway Shot: interruption of a shot by showing something else (similar to a shot reverse shot, but usually not close-ups/conversation)
  • Compressed Time: the shortening of time through editing (cuts, fades, dissolves)
  • Subjective Time: time in a film as felt/experienced by the character(s)
  • Flashback: story goes back in time to tell a part of the story that happened before
  • Flash-forward: story jumps ahead to show something in the future; rarely used