Colonial Period 1607-1776 . Trends, Events and Ideas that Influenced the Founders. Liberty, Equality, Rights, Democracy and Opportunity. Essential Question : What elements of colonial society affected the thinking of the nation’s founders and their articulation of the 5 ideals?.
Trends, Events and Ideas that Influenced the Founders
Essential Question: What elements of colonial society affected the thinking of the nation’s founders and their articulation of the 5 ideals?
"It is not with us as with men whom smalle things can discourage or smalle discontentments cause to wish themselves home again” William Bradford
“Puritan Ethic” aka the Protestant Work Ethic
Hard work and monetary success are “Godly” and signs of God’s approval
(No taxation without representation, later)
an economic system (Europe in 18th century) to increase
a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the
nation's commercial interests
no hereditary aristocracy
Growth of a prosperous merchant/shipping class (free trade)
high birth rate (avg. age 16)
immigration: free and forced
Population pressure increases social tension
Less available land
Competition for jobs
While colonial leadership remains in the hands of established landholders and merchants, landless resent British land policyColonial Social Structure
(20,000 are black)
2.5 million total
(500,000 are black)
How did slavery affect the founders?
In profoundly contradictory ways!!!!!
(250,000 died in transit)
18th century = 390,000
Total Estimates range as high as 40 million
The above paragraph and statistics are excerpted from the following article by Jose Luciano Franco: "The Slave Trade in the Caribbean and Latin America."
in The African Slave Trade from the Fifteenth to the Nineteenth Century Reports and papers of the meeting of experts organized by Unesco at
Port-au-Prince, Haiti, 31 January to 4 February 1978. The figures are taken from Morel's calculations as reproduced by Professor Melville J. Herskovits
and cover the period 1666-1800:
Give examples that show how each
of these may have influenced the