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Mental Disorders. An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others. Causes of Mental Disorders. Physical Factors- Damage to the brain-growth or tumor-prolonged use of drugs or alcohol.

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mental disorders

Mental Disorders

An illness that affects the mind and reduces a person’s ability to function, to adjust to change, or to get along with others.

causes of mental disorders
Causes of Mental Disorders
  • Physical Factors- Damage to the brain-growth or tumor-prolonged use of drugs or alcohol.
  • Heredity- Disorders may be inherited.
  • Early childhood experiences- ex; a child who is neglected or abused.
  • Recent experiences- ex; death of a loved one.
anxiety disorders
Anxiety Disorders
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder- intense worry, fears, restlessness, fatigue, trouble falling asleep, and trouble concentrating.
  • Phobias- anxiety associated to a specific situation or object.
  • Panic Attacks- fast heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating, trembling or shaking etc.
anxieties cont
Anxieties cont.
  • Obsessive compulsive Disorder (OCD)- an unwanted thought or image takes control of the mind and the person has unreasonable need to behave in a certain way to prevent feared outcome.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder- Survivors of life-threatening events-flashbacks, nightmares-produce intense fear or horror.
other mental disorders
Other Mental Disorders
  • Mood Disorders- experience extreme emotions-ex; bipolar disorder also called manic-depressive disorder-overly excited and restless-periods of deep depression.
  • Schizophrenia-severe disturbances in thinking, mood, awareness and behavior- means “Split mind”. Hear voices and often talk to themselves.
depression suicide
Depression & Suicide
  • Clinical Depression- Mood disorder- characterized by feeling sad or hopeless for months maybe longer.
    • Risk Factors-
      • A parent or other close biological relative with a mood disorder
      • A major life change or a prolonged stressful situation
      • Being a victim of a violent crime or witnessing violence
      • A previous bout with depression
      • A sense of hopelessness
signs of clinical depression
Signs of Clinical Depression
  • Change in appetite, significant weight loss or gain
  • Change in sleep patterns, difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
  • Change in activity level; sluggish (slow) or frantic (fast-paced)
  • Loss of interest in usual activities
  • Loss of energy; always tired
  • Hopelessness; excessive guilt
  • Difficulty thinking or concentrating
  • Repeated thoughts of death and suicide
depression cont
Depression Cont.
  • Treatment
    • Medication
    • Learn new strategies to cope with problems
eating disorders
Eating Disorders
  • An eating disorder is a mental disorder that reveals itself through abnormal behaviors related to food.
  • Anorexia Nervosa- Extreme weight loss, slowed heart and breathing rates, dry skin, lowered body temperature, menstrual period problems.
    • Possible causes- Lack of a chemical that regulates mood, low self-esteem, strong desire to please someone.
    • Most often it’s a matter of control!
eating disorders1
Eating Disorders
  • Bulimia- uncontrolled eating binges followed by purging.
    • Health Risks- dehydration, kidney damage, lack of necessary vitamins and minerals, acid in vomit irritates throat and erodes enamel on teeth, depression and possible suicide.
    • Possible Causes- Use of food to feel better emotionally.
eating disorders2
Eating Disorders
  • Binge Eating Disorder- Uncontrollable urge to eat large amounts of food- Ex; intend to eat 1-2 slices of bread and they eat the entire loaf!
    • Health Risks- Excess weight, unhealthy dieting, diabetes, high blood pressure, tendency to turn to extreme diets.
    • Possible Causes- avoid difficult emotions, such as anger or stressful situations.