Mental Disorders. Defining the problem. Starting in 1952, the American Psychiatric Association created the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , better known as the DSM. The manual lists and describes all known mental illnesses and disorders.
Different ideas exist on what it means to be to be mentally abnormal
2. Phobic: a phobia is an irrational fear of something. It becomes an issue when the phobia interferes with the person’s ability to function.
Alektorophobia: fear of chickens
Arachibutyrophobia: fear of PB sticking to the roof of your mouth
Basophobia: fear of walking
Consecotaleophobia: fear of chopsticks
Genuphobia: Fear of phobias
Hippopomonstrosesquippedaliophobia: fear of long words
3. Panic Disorder: Characterized by extreme terror for no apparent reason. May also feel doom/death imminent
Often occurs following stressful event
4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders:
Obsession: the thoughts that produce the anxiety
Compulsion: the behavior repeatedly performed in an effort to ease the anxiety.
The person afflicted with OCD has a continuous loop of behavior
5. PTSD (Post-traumatic Stress Disorder) : A survivor of a traumatic event will relive the fear though triggering events, overwhelming that person’s ability to cope.
15 pts: following format
25 pts: creativity
5: use of time
5: oral presentation
Symptoms present for extended period of time, and cause distress and/or negative consequences for the person
Symptoms seen in at least two of the following:
Seen in approx. 9% of population, with borderline and antisocial most common
- characteristics seen early in adolescence
But do not care
- Those with the disorder unlikely to seek treatment, or to succeed with it.