Chapter 19 The Industrial Revolution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 19 The Industrial Revolution

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  1. Chapter 19 The Industrial Revolution

  2. 19-1 Dawn of the Industrial Age • The Agricultural Revolution Paves the way

  3. Why the Industrial Revolution Began in England Industrialization- Why: Large population and extensive natural resources. • Enclosures increase output but causes migration. • Population multiplies. Why?

  4. New Technology Becomes Key • An energy revolutions • In 1712, British inventor Thomas Newcomen developed the _____. • Coal was also a vital source of fuel production. Coal was used to _____ iron for the separation of iron from its ore.

  5. 19-2 Industrialization • Problems with industrialization: Urbanization- Why? 1. 2. 3.

  6. Living Conditions • Rapid growth in cities led to: • What was the effect on the working class? • Methodists- • Sunday school

  7. Working Conditions • The Average work week was.. • Dangerous- • Child labor-

  8. Class Tensions Grow • Most of the wealth belonged to the middle class. • Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution • Political power of working class eventually increased and social problems declined • Labor unions • New technology

  9. Industrialization Spreads 19-3 • The United States has similar resources as Britain to mechanize its industries. • The War of 1812- • Technological boom in the U.S. came from:

  10. 19-4 Reforming the Industrial World The Philosophers of Industrialization laissez faire- • criticized government regulation of businesses. • Adam Smith- “The Wealth of Nations”

  11. The Economists of Capitalism • Capitalism- • Thomas Malthus, “An Essay on the Principle of Population” • Opposed government efforts to help poor workers. Creating minimum wages laws and better working conditions would undermine the production of wealth in society.

  12. The Rise of Socialism • Jeremy Bentham • Utilitarianism- • Promote the greatest good for the greatest number of people. • It was wrong that workers lived deprived lives and were poor. • Believed in equal division of profits

  13. Utopian Ideas • Robert Owen- • Socialism- • Argument:

  14. Marxism: Radical Socialism • Karl Marx and Frederich Engels “The Communist Manifesto” • Communism-

  15. Labor Unions and Reform Laws • Unions- • What does a union do? • Strike-

  16. Reform Laws • Factory Act 1833- • Mines Act 1842- • Ten Hours Act 1847- • The Reform Movement Spreads • The Abolition of Slavery • When did slavery end in: U.S., Puerto Rico, Cuba, Brasil?