Chapter 6THE SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Section 1: The Age of Invention Section 2: The Rise of Big Business Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize
Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize Objectives: • Why did some Americans want trusts to be banned, and how did the government respond? • What types of working conditions did laborers face in the new age of rapid industrialization? • How did the Knights of Labor attempt to address the needs of many workers? • How did businesses react to strikes in the late 1800s, and how did this affect unions?
Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize The banning of trusts • desired because of belief that without competition, large monopolies would have no reason to maintain quality or keep prices low • not accomplished despite passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act
Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize Working conditions • low pay • long hours • unsafe environments • possibility of racial discrimination
Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize The Knights of Labor • included both skilled and unskilled workers • included women and, later, African Americans • organized strikes, marches, and demonstrations • educated and organized workers
Section 3: Labor Strives to Organize Strikes in the late 1800s • Businesses responded with blacklists, yellow-dog contracts, lockouts, and violence. • Business tactics hurt many unions and caused skilled workers to break away from unskilled ones.