slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 2 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 2

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 48

Chapter 2 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 179 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 2 . Fire Department Organization, Command, and Control. Introduction. This chapter covers: Department organization into companies Companies divided into functions Engine, ladder, truck companies Rescue or hazardous materials companies Division of work assignments

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 2' - raanan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Chapter 2

Fire Department Organization, Command, and Control

introduction
Introduction
  • This chapter covers:
    • Department organization into companies
    • Companies divided into functions
      • Engine, ladder, truck companies
      • Rescue or hazardous materials companies
    • Division of work assignments
      • Responsibility for specific response area, activity
      • Eliminate duplication of work and confusion
      • Establish adequate level of equipment and personnel
fire department organization
Fire Department Organization
  • Fire departments have a reason for existing and a structure for operations
  • Mission statement communicates the reason for being
  • Organizational structure defines the chain of command and authority
the business of fire protection
The Business of Fire Protection
  • Jurisdiction determines the type and level of fire protection
  • Several types of fire department service delivery
  • Career or paid departments consist of full-time positions with benefits
  • Volunteer department positions with per-call/hourly payment or no payment at all
  • Some jurisdictions utilize a system of both career and volunteer members
the business of fire protection cont d
The Business of FireProtection (cont’d.)
  • Public or municipal fire department commonly found in larger cities or densely populated areas
  • Fire district funded by dedicated property tax
  • Fire chief responsible for department operations
  • Industrial fire departments (brigades) are specially trained and provide emergency services
mission statement
Mission Statement
  • Each fire department should have a mission statement
  • Provides meaning and direction
  • Provides a clear and defined purpose
  • Must be specific to the public
slide7

SAMPLE MISSION STATEMENT 1

The Midway Fire Department is organized to deliver fire prevention, fire suppression (extinguishment), and rescue services to the citizens of its protection area. This

will include response to conduct vehicle extrication, hazardous materials mitigation, and basic life support emergency

medical services.

slide8

SAMPLE MISSION STATEMENT 2

The Midway Fire Department is organized to deliver fire prevention, life safety, fire suppression (extinguishment), and rescue services to the citizens of its protection area.

This will include response to conduct vehicle extrication, hazardous materials mitigation, confined space rescue, advanced life support emergency medical services, disaster response, and fire life safety code enforcement.

organizational structure
Organizational Structure
  • Fire department must have organizational structure
  • Structure may be simple or complex
  • Shows internal organization as well as functions and responsibilities
slide10

Figure 2-3 The organizational structure for a medium to large

fire department shows the division of work assignments

and chain of command.

slide11

Figure 2-5 Different from most organizational charts, this organizational structure shows the interdependence of the community, fire department, governing body, and firefighters.

the firefighter
The Firefighter
  • Individual trained to perform the function of fire prevention and suppression
  • Other areas firefighters may know:
    • Emergency medical technician (EMT)
    • Paramedic (EMT-P)
    • Hazardous materials technician
    • Rescue specialist
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) established training standards
slide13

(A)

(C)

(B)

Figure 2-7 Some positions available to firefighters are (A) rescue specialist, (B) paramedic, and (C) hazardous materials technician.

the firefighter cont d
The Firefighter (cont’d.)
  • Some typical requirements for an individual trained in structural fire suppression:
    • Know department's organizational structure and operating procedures
    • Perform duties safely
    • Know department's response area
    • Maintain equipment
    • Respond to alarms
    • Use self-contained breathing apparatus
the company
The Company
  • Basic unit of a fire department
  • Firefighters assigned to perform a specific function
  • Company officers are supervisory-level positions
  • Company officers are responsible for firefighters and administrative duties
the engine company
The Engine Company
  • Firefighters who deliver water
  • Deploy hoselines
  • Attack and extinguish fires in vehicles and structures
the truck company
The Truck Company
  • Carry firefighters for forcible entry
  • Search and rescue
  • Ventilation
  • Provision of ladders and securing of utilities
  • Overhaul functions at a fire scene
  • Three basic aerial devices
    • Aerial ladder
    • Tower ladder
    • Snorkel
the rescue company
The Rescue Company
  • Provides specially trained firefighters
  • Specialized rescue equipment
    • Tools to conduct forcible entry
    • Tools used for search and rescue
    • Tools to conduct vehicle extrications, confined space rescue, rope rescue, and other technical operations
specialty combination units
Specialty/Combination Units
  • Typically a blend of two major company functions
  • Quint is a combination of an engine and ladder company
  • Mobile water supply apparatus (tenders) provides water where a supply is not present
  • Examples of specialty units:
    • Wildland fire
    • Hazardous material units
    • Mass casualty response units
emergency medical services
Emergency Medical Services
  • Many departments provide either basic life support or advanced life support
  • May be an additional duty assigned to an existing company
  • Fire departments may operate ambulances to provide transport services
the chief officers
The Chief Officers
  • Ultimately responsible for the operations and administration of the fire department
  • Chief may have a number of deputy, division, assistant, or battalion chiefs
  • Rank structure and position depends on size, need, and history of an individual fire department
  • Number of officers depends on the size of the organization
additional fire department functions
Additional FireDepartment Functions
  • Many additional functions assigned to operations:
    • Training
    • Fire prevention
  • Additional sections may be established:
    • Hazardous materials
    • Urban/technical search and rescue
    • Water rescue
    • Delivery of emergency medical services
fire prevention and life safety
Fire Prevention and Life Safety
  • Preventing fire reduces risk to community
  • Fire prevention office divided into two functions:
    • Code enforcement/ inspection services
    • Fire/life safety education
  • A chief-level officer usually heads the fire prevention office
  • Fire survival programs educate the public on what to do after a fire has started
slide25

Figure 2-16 Some fire departments utilize unique characters such as E.D.I.T.H. the Clown to help children relate to the message of fire prevention.

training
Training
  • Begins with basic firefighter or probationary training
  • Continues with proficiency training as new tools, equipment, or techniques become available
  • Chief-level officer usually heads the training division
  • All departments must have a training officer
slide27

Figure 2-18 Training must be a continuing function in all fire departments regardless of size or area served. (Courtesy of Eastern Oklahoma Technology Center)

emergency medical services28
Emergency Medical Services
  • Depending on size of organization, the EMS function may be a separate division
  • Chief-level officer responsible for its activities
apparatus maintenance and purchasing
Apparatus Maintenanceand Purchasing
  • Large departments may have a fire apparatus maintenance or repair shop
  • Responsible for vehicle repair, maintenance, and purchasing
  • Headed by a fire department officer or non-uniform staff member
special operations
Special Operations
  • Depending on size of community or potential hazards present
  • Delivers or supports services such as:
    • Hazardous material mitigation
    • High-rise operations
    • Air operations
    • Confined space rescue
    • Trench rescue
    • Swift water or ice rescue
slide31

Figure 2-19 Trench rescue is one of many specialized operations requiring additional equipment and training.

regulations policies bylaws and procedures
Regulations, Policies, Bylaws,and Procedures
  • All organizations must have:
    • Regulations
    • Policies
    • Bylaws
    • Procedures
  • Ensures an adequate and effective emergency response
  • Used to establish daily and emergency operations
regulations
Regulations
  • Determine how an organization operates
  • Established by top-level management
  • OSHA may establish regulations
  • Most states have their own occupational safety and health plans
  • Federal program has no enforcement authority
policies
Policies
  • Formal statements or directives
  • Established by fire department managers
  • Provide guidance for decision making
  • Usually general in nature
  • Framework for day-to-day department activities
bylaws
Bylaws
  • Volunteer departments may be organized as independent corporations
  • Fire corporation usually organized as a not-for-profit organization
  • Bylaws established by board of directors or membership
    • Describe how the business structure is organized
procedures
Procedures
  • Standard operating procedures (SOPs) provide specific information and instructions
  • Established so all members will perform the same function with the same level of uniformity
  • Tactical in nature
  • Also called standard operating guidelines (SOGs)
  • Variety of ways in which SOPs are developed and documented
allied agencies and organizations
Allied Agencies andOrganizations
  • During an operation, fire department interacts with many different organizations
  • A few of these organizations:
    • Police/ law enforcement
    • Utility companies
    • Environmental conservation
    • Private business
incident management
Incident Management
  • Fire departments respond to millions of emergency incidents each year
  • Extreme incidents require mutual aid assistance from outside the authority having jurisdiction
command and control
Command and Control
  • Firefighters must understand the concept of command and control
  • Unity of command
  • First unit arriving should establish command
  • Transfer of command is the process of briefing an authority of equal or higher experience
  • Transfer of command should occur during a face-to-face meeting
incident command system
Incident Command System
  • Systematic approach for command, control, and management of an emergency incident
  • Must contain the following components:
    • Command terminology
    • Modular organization
    • Integrated communications
    • Consolidated incident action plan
    • Span of control
    • Designated incident facilities
slide41

Figure 2-21 This chart of a typical incident command system shows the modular organization necessary to manage an incident.

five major functions of an incident command system
Five Major Functions of anIncident Command System
  • Incident commander develops strategic goals
  • Operations section chief responsible for implementing tactical assignments
  • Planning section chief responsible for development of incident action plan
five major functions of an incident command system cont d
Five Major Functions of anIncident Command System (cont’d.)
  • Logistics section chief responsible for securing facilities, services, equipment, and materials
  • Finance/administration section chief documents cost of materials and personnel
unified command
Unified Command
  • Used to manage an incident involving multiple response agencies
  • Unified command has only one IC and Incident Action Plan
  • Allows for agencies with jurisdiction to be part of the command structure or team
the team
The Team
  • Utilize an incident command system (ICS)
  • Work together and remain intact
  • Look after each other
  • Prevent freelancing
slide47

Figure 2-26 Tactical worksheets provide the incident commander with a guide for managing an incident.

lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • Common contributing factors to firefighter deaths in the line of duty are command- and organization-related
  • To survive on the fire scene, firefighters must know:
    • Roles and responsibilities of personnel
    • How their fire department command structure works
    • How to function as part of that command structure