Download
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
737 PNEUMATICS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
737 PNEUMATICS

737 PNEUMATICS

168 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

737 PNEUMATICS

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. 737 PNEUMATICS MENU PRINCIPAL

  2. THIS PRESENTATION INCLUDES THE SOURCES OF AIR, THE MAJOR SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND THE WAY THE CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ARE USED TO OPERATE THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM. FIRST, LET'S LOOK AT THE SOURCES OF AIR. MENU PRINCIPAL

  3. THE SOURCES OF AIR FOR THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM ARE: THE ENGINES (pause2) THE AUXILIARY POWER UNIT (pause2) OR A GROUND PNEUMATIC CART MENU PRINCIPAL

  4. DURING GROUND OPERATION, THE NORMAL SUPPLY OF BLEED AIR FOR THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM IS THE APU (pause2) (pause3) HOWEVER, A GROUND CART MAY BE USED WHEN IT IS AVAILABLE (pause2) (pause2) AFTER ENGINE START, BLEED AIR IS NORMALLY SUPPLIED BY THE ENGINES. MENU PRINCIPAL

  5. THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF BLEED AIR IS THE MID OR EIGHTH STAGE OF THE ENGINE COMPRESSOR SECTION. IF THE VOLUME OF MID STAGE AIR IS INSUFFICIENT FOR THE SYSTEM DEMAND, HIGH, OR 13TH STAGE, BLEED AIR AUGMENTS THE SUPPLY. CHECK VALVES ENSURE THE PROPER DIRECTION OF AIR FLOW. AIR FROM THE MID AND HIGH COMPRESSOR SECTIONS IS HOT. MENU PRINCIPAL

  6. THIS HOT AIR IS COOLED BY FAN AIR PASSING THROUGH HEAT EXCHANGERS (pause2) A THERMOSTATICALLY CONTROLLED VALVE AUTOMATICALLY REGULATES THE VOLUME OF FAN AIR REQUIRED FOR COOLING. MENU PRINCIPAL

  7. ANSWER AA IS CORRECT. MENU PRINCIPAL

  8. BLEED AIR IS COOLED BY FAN AIR PASSING THROUGH HEAT EXCHANGERS. (pause4) NOW, LET'S LOOK AT THE COCKPIT CONTROLS AND INDICATORS. MENU PRINCIPAL

  9. THE CONTROLS AND INDICATORS FOR THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM ARE LOCATED ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE FORWARD OVERHEAD PANEL. LOCATE THESE CONTROLS AND INDICATORS ON YOUR PANEL. MENU PRINCIPAL

  10. LET'S LOOK AT THE PNEUMATIC CONTROLS AND INDICATORS IN GREATER DETAIL. MENU PRINCIPAL

  11. THE ENGINE BLEED-AIR SWITCHES OPEN AND CLOSE THE RESPECTIVE BLEED AIR VALVE. THESE VALVES OPERATE ON AC POWER. (pause3) IF THE TEMPERATURE DOWNSTREAM OF THE VALVE IS EXCESSIVE, A TEMPERATURE SENSOR AUTOMATICALLY CLOSES THE RESPECTIVE VALVE TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO AIRPLANE COMPONENTS. WITH AN OVER TEMPERATURE CONDITION, THE BLEED TRIP [`]OFF LIGHT ILLUMINATES. MENU PRINCIPAL

  12. THE APU BLEED AIR SWITCH OPENS AND CLOSES THE APU BLEED AIR VALVE. AS WITH THE ENGINE BLEEDS, THE APU BLEED ALSO OPERATES ON AC POWER. WHEN THE VALVE OPENS, IT ALLOWS AIR TO FLOW FROM THE APU INTO THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM. A CHECK VALVE PREVENTS ENGINE OR GROUND CART BLEED AIR FROM FLOWING INTO THE APU. MENU PRINCIPAL

  13. THE LEFT AND RIGHT PACK SWITCHES CONTROL ELECTRICAL POWER TO THE PACK VALVES. THE VALVES ARE SPRING-LOADED CLOSED. WITH AIR PRESSURE, THE VALVES OPEN AND REGULATE THE FLOW OF BLEED AIR ENTERING THE AIR CONDITIONING PACKS. THESE VALVES OPERATE FROM BATTERY BUS POWER. MENU PRINCIPAL

  14. AN AC POWERED ISOLATION VALVE SEPARATES THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OF THE PNEUMATIC MANIFOLD. THE NUMBER ONE ENGINE AND APU ARE ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE VALVE. THE NUMBER TWO ENGINE AND THE PNEUMATIC GROUND CART CONNECTION ARE ON THE RIGHT SIDE. MENU PRINCIPAL

  15. PNEUMATIC PRESSURE IS SENSED ON EACH SIDE OF THE ISOLATION VALVE AND DISPLAYED ON THE DUCT PRESSURE INDICATOR. THIS INDICATOR REQUIRES AC POWER. THE L POINTER INDICATES THE PRESSURE ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE PNEUMATIC MANIFOLD, AND THE R POINTER, THE PRESSURE ON THE RIGHT SIDE. IF THE ISOLATION VALVE IS OPEN, BOTH PRESSURE INDICATIONS ARE THE SAME. MENU PRINCIPAL

  16. THE DUCT PRESSURE INDICATOR DISPLAYS THE PRESSURE IN THE DUCTS FROM ANY OF THE PNEUMATIC SOURCES (pause2) THE ENGINES, (pause2) THE APU, (pause2) OR THE GROUND PNEUMATIC CART. (pause4) WHEN THE APU IS PROVIDING THE BLEED AIR AND THE ISOLATION VALVE IS CLOSED, THE L POINTER INDICATES APU BLEED AIR PRESSURE. THE R POINTER INDICATES PRESSURE ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE VALVE. NOW LET'S LOOK AT THE ISOLATION VALVE. MENU PRINCIPAL

  17. THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH HAS THREE POSITIONS (pause2) CLOSE, AUTO, AND OPEN (pause2) THE NORMAL POSITION OF THE SWITCH IS AUTO. PLACING THE SWITCH TO OPEN WILL OPEN THE VALVE (pause2) THE CLOSE POSITION WILL CLOSE THE VALVE. LET'S EXAMINE THE AUTO POSITION OF THE SWITCH IN MORE DETAIL. MENU PRINCIPAL

  18. WITH THE SWITCH IN THE AUTO POSITION, THE ISOLATION VALVE IS CONTROLLED BY THE POSITION OF THE ENGINE BLEED AND PACK SWITCHES (pause2) IF BOTH ENGINE BLEED SWITCHES AND BOTH PACK SWITCHES ARE ON, THE VALVE WILL BE CLOSED. THIS ISOLATES THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OF THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM SO THAT EACH ENGINE SUPPLIES AIR TO ONE PACK. THIS IS A NORMAL IN-FLIGHT CONDITION. THE APU BLEED SWITCH HAS NO EFFECT ON THE ISOLATION VALVE OPERATION. COMPARE THE PANEL SWITCH SELECTION TO THE ACTUAL VALVE POSITION. MENU PRINCIPAL

  19. WITH THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH IN AUTO, POSITIONING AN ENGINE BLEED OR PACK SWITCH TO [`]OFF, (pause3) SIGNALS THE SWITCH LOGIC TO OPEN THE ISOLATION VALVE. THIS CONNECTS THE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES OF THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM. (pause2) IN THIS SITUATION, THE LEFT PACK SWITCH IS [`]OFF (pause2) THEREFORE, THE ISOLATION VALVE IS OPEN. STUDY THE SWITCH SELECTION AND COMPARE THE EFFECT ON THE ISOLATION VALVE POSITION. MENU PRINCIPAL

  20. THE CORRECT ANSWER IS B. MENU PRINCIPAL

  21. THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH IS IN AUTO, AND ALL ENGINE BLEED AND PACK SWITCHES ARE ON. (pause2) THEREFORE, THE VALVE IS CLOSED. THIS IS A NORMAL IN-FLIGHT PANEL CONFIGURATION. MENU PRINCIPAL

  22. THE CORRECT ANSWER IS A. MENU PRINCIPAL

  23. THE ISOLATION VALVE IS CLOSED, AND THE RIGHT POINTER INDICATES THE PRESSURE DEVELOPED BY THE GROUND CART. (pause3) LET'S PROCEED TO THE SWITCH SELECTION TO SET THE PANEL FOR ENGINE START. MENU PRINCIPAL

  24. NORMALLY, APU BLEED AIR IS USED TO START THE ENGINES MENU PRINCIPAL

  25. BOTH ENGINE BLEED VALVES AND THE ISOLATION VALVE MUST BE OPEN TO PERMIT AIR TO REACH THE STARTERS (pause2) FOR THIS REASON, THESE BLEED SWITCHES ARE LEFT [']ON PRIOR TO ENGINE SHUT DOWN. THIS INSURES THAT THE VALVES ARE OPEN FOR ENGINE START IN THE EVENT THAT AC POWER IS NOT AVAILABLE, IN WHICH CASE (pause2) THE ENGINE BLEED VALVES MAY BE MANUALLY OPENED. COMPARE THE SWITCH SELECTIONS TO THE ACTUAL VALVE POSITIONS. MENU PRINCIPAL

  26. AIR FROM THE PNEUMATIC GROUND CART MAY BE USED TO START THE ENGINES MENU PRINCIPAL

  27. THE ENGINE BLEED AND ISOLATION VALVES MUST BE OPEN. THE APU BLEED VALVE MUST BE CLOSED TO PREVENT THE POSSIBILITY OF GROUND CART OR ENGINE BLEED AIR FROM ENTERING THE APU (pause2) COMPARE THE SWITCH SELECTIONS TO THE ACTUAL VALVE POSITIONS. MENU PRINCIPAL

  28. A CROSS BLEED START USES AN OPERATING ENGINE AS A BLEED AIR SOURCE TO START THE OTHER ENGINE MENU PRINCIPAL

  29. THE ENGINE BLEED AND ISOLATION VALVES ARE OPEN FOR A CROSS BLEED START (pause2) THE APU BLEED VALVE WILL BE CLOSED FOR THIS OPERATION. THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH REMAINS IN AUTOMATIC (pause2) COMPARE THE VALVE POSITIONS TO THE SWITCH SELECTIONS. IN THIS SITUATION, THE NUMBER TWO ENGINE IS PROVIDING THE BLEED AIR. REVIEW THE CROSS BLEED START IN SUPPLEMENTARY PROCEDURES. MENU PRINCIPAL

  30. THERE IS A DUAL BLEED LIGHT LOCATED ABOVE THE PNEUMATIC PANEL. MENU PRINCIPAL

  31. WHEN BOTH AN ENGINE AND THE APU BLEED VALVE OPEN, THERE IS A POSSIBILITY THAT AIR FROM THE ENGINE COULD BACK PRESSURE THE APU. THE DUAL BLEED LIGHT ILLUMINATES WHENEVER BOTH OF THESE VALVES ARE OPEN. ILLUMINATION OF THIS LIGHT IS AN INDICATION OF CERTAIN COMBINATIONS OF VALVE POSITIONS. (pause2) IT MEANS THAT THE ENGINE, ISOLATION, AND APU VALVES ARE POSITIONED OPEN SO THAT ANY ENGINE BLEED AIR CAN BACK-PRESSURE THE APU BLEED AIR. (pause2) IN THIS CASE, THE BLACK ARROWS INDICATE THAT WITH THE APU BLEED VALVE, (pause2) THE ISOLATION VALVE (pause2) AND THE NUMBER TWO ENGINE BLEED VALVE OPEN, THE NUMBER TWO ENGINE BLEED AIR CAN BACK PRESSURE THE APU, AND THE LIGHT ILLUMINATES. ILLUMINATION OF THE DUAL BLEED LIGHT IS A NORMAL INDICATION DURING ENGINE START. WHEN THE APU IS THE SOURCE OF BLEED AIR; AND DURING GROUND OPERATIONS WHEN THE APU IS USED AS A PNEUMATIC BLEED SOURCE FOR CABIN HEATING OR COOLING. TO EXTINGUISH THE LIGHT, RE-CONFIGURE EITHER OR THE ENGINE BLEED, ISOLATION, AND APU BLEED VALVE SWITCHES TO OFF. THIS ELIMINATES THE POTENTIAL FOR ANY ENGINE BLEED AIR TO BACK-PRESSURE THE APU. (pause4) THIS LIGHT OPERATES ONLY AS A FUNCTION OF VALVE POSITION AND CAN ILLUMINATE EVEN WITH THE ENGINES SHUT DOWN AND NO ENGINE PNEUMATIC PRESSURE AVAILABLE. TO ENSURE THAT NO SIGNIFICANT BACK-PRESSURE OCCURS, ENGINE THRUST MUST BE LIMITED TO IDLE WHILE THIS LIGHT IS ILLUMINATED. MENU PRINCIPAL

  32. ANSWER C IS CORRECT. MENU PRINCIPAL

  33. POSITIONING THE APU BLEED SWITCH TO [']OFF, ELIMINATES THE POSSIBILITY OF BACK-PRESSURING THE APU WITH ENGINE BLEED AIR, AND THE LIGHT EXTINGUISHES. THE LIGHT WILL ALSO BE EXTINGUISHED BY LEAVING THE APU BLEED [']ON, AND POSITIONING BOTH ENGINE BLEEDS TO [']OFF. MENU PRINCIPAL

  34. LET'S EXAMINE THE NORMAL PREFLIGHT PNEUMATIC PANEL CONFIGURATION FOR AN ENGINE START USING THE APU. MENU PRINCIPAL

  35. FIRST, POSITION THE LEFT AND RIGHT PACK SWITCHES OFF, TO ENSURE ALL BLEED AIR IS AVAILABLE FOR THE STARTERS. A MINIMUM OF 30 PSI IS REQUIRED FOR NORMAL ENGINE START. MENU PRINCIPAL

  36. SECOND, VERIFY THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH IS IN THE AUTO POSITION, SO BLEED AIR CAN FLOW TO ENGINE NUMBER TWO. (pause2) THIRD, VERIFY THE ENGINE AND APU BLEED SWITCHES ARE ON. THIS ALLOWS BLEED AIR FROM THE APU TO ENTER THE PNEUMATIC MANIFOLD AND FLOW TO THE STARTERS (pause2) REVIEW THIS OPERATION UNTIL YOU ARE CONFIDENT THAT YOU UNDERSTAND IT. MENU PRINCIPAL

  37. ANSWER C IS CORRECT. MENU PRINCIPAL

  38. THE NUMBER ONE ENGINE BLEED VALVE IS CLOSED SO THE PNEUMATIC GROUND CART CAN SUPPLY AIR PRESSURE TO START ENGINE NUMBER TWO ONLY. MENU PRINCIPAL

  39. THE AIRPLANE MAY BE OPERATED IN AN ENGINE BLEEDS [']OFF CONFIGURATION FOR TAKEOFF. MENU PRINCIPAL

  40. IN THIS CONFIGURATION, THE APU SUPPLIES AIR TO THE LEFT AIR CONDITIONING PACK. THE ISOLATION VALVE IS CLOSED BECAUSE THE APU CANNOT SUPPLY ENOUGH AIR FOR BOTH AIR CONDITIONING PACKS. THIS PROCEDURE PERMITS ENGINE TAKEOFF THRUST TO BE SET TO EITHER THE LOWER E-P-R, THAT WOULD BE REQUIRED IF ENGINE BLEEDS WERE USED TO OPERATE THE PACKS, OR, TO THE MAXIMUM ENGINE BLEEDS [']OFF E-P-R, WHEN ADDITIONAL THRUST IS REQUIRED FOR TAKEOFF. THE ENGINE BLEEDS [']ON E-P-R IS POINT ZERO FOUR LESS THAN THE BLEEDS [']OFF E-P-R. (pause3) USE OF THE LOWER E-P-R REDUCES INTERNAL ENGINE TEMPERATURES AND EXTENDS ENGINE LIFE. THE LOWER E-P-R MAY BE USED WHENEVER THE ACTUAL TAKEOFF WEIGHT IS SUFFICIENTLY LESS THAN THE PUBLISHED MAXIMUM WEIGHT FOR EACH RUNWAY. REVIEW THE PANEL CONFIGURATION, AND ITS EFFECT ON SYSTEM OPERATION. MENU PRINCIPAL

  41. NOW, REFER TO THE TAKEOFF PERFORMANCE SECTION OF YOUR MANUAL AND REVIEW THE WEIGHT REDUCTION REQUIRED WHEN USING THE ENGINE BLEEDS [']ON E-P-R. MENU PRINCIPAL

  42. NOW, LET'S CONFIGURE THE PNEUMATIC PANEL FOR AN ENGINE BLEEDS [']OFF TAKEOFF OR LANDING. MENU PRINCIPAL

  43. FOR AN ENGINE BLEEDS [']OFF TAKEOFF, FIRST, POSITION THE RIGHT PACK SWITCH [']ON, THE ISOLATION VALVE SWITCH TO CLOSE, AND THE LEFT PACK SWITCH [']ON. MENU PRINCIPAL

  44. NEXT, POSITION THE NUMBER ONE BLEED SWITCH OFF, AND VERIFY THE APU BLEED SWITCH IS ON. THIS ALLOWS BLEED AIR FROM THE APU TO FLOW TO THE LEFT PACK. FINALLY, POSITION THE NUMBER TWO ENGINE BLEED SWITCH TO OFF. NOTICE THAT THIS OPERATION IS PERFORMED USING A LETTER C PATTERN FLOW. REVIEW THESE STEPS AS YOU TRACE THE C PATTERN. MENU PRINCIPAL

  45. AFTER TAKEOFF, THE PANEL IS RE-CONFIGURED TO ALLOW THE ENGINES TO SUPPLY THE AIR CONDITIONING PACKS. FOR AN ENGINE BLEEDS [`]OFF LANDING, THE LETTER C PATTERN IS AGAIN USED TO POSITION THE SWITCHES EXACTLY AS FOR AN ENGINE BLEEDS [`]OFF TAKEOFF MENU PRINCIPAL

  46. AFTER AN ENGINE BLEEDS-OFF LANDING, DURING TAXI IN, THE PANEL IS CONFIGURED USING THE REVERSE LETTER C PATTERN FLOW SO THAT THE ENGINE BLEEDS ARE BOTH [']ON, THE APU BLEED [']OFF, THE ISOLATION VALVE AUTO, AND THE LEFT PACK [']OFF. (pause2) WE WILL CONCLUDE THIS SECTION WITH A DISCUSSION OF THE PNEUMATIC DUCT PROTECTION FEATURES. MENU PRINCIPAL

  47. OVERHEAT DETECTORS ARE INSTALLED ALONG THE PNEUMATIC DUCT SYSTEM TO DETECT BLEED AIR LEAKAGE FROM THE DUCTS. THESE DETECTORS FOLLOW THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM FROM THE FIRE WALLS TO THE AIR CONDITIONING PACKS. THEY ARE LOCATED ADJACENT TO THE DUCTS IN BOTH THE WING AND BODY AREAS. MENU PRINCIPAL

  48. WHEN AN OVERHEAT CONDITION OCCURS, THE APPROPRIATE WING BODY OVERHEAT LIGHT WILL ILLUMINATE. MENU PRINCIPAL

  49. REVIEW THE PNEUMATIC SYSTEM IN THE LIMITATIONS SECTION OF YOUR OPERATIONS MANUAL AT THIS TIME. MENU PRINCIPAL

  50. THE CORRECT ANSWER IS B. MENU PRINCIPAL