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  1. - Education in Korea - 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum) 2. Types of Schools 3. Some good examples of School system

  2. Schools in Korean history • Taehak, established in 372 by Goguryeo (cultivating the morals of students) • Seodang : the most popular and common school during the Joseon Dynasty Introduction

  3. In 1880s, national and private education institution was established by Christian missionaries. • During the Japanese colonial rule (1910-1945), “movement to save the nation through education” • With the founding of the Republic of Korea in 1948, democratic education, modern educational system. Introduction

  4. Education means to Korea is.. • Opportunity to change their life level and get Knowledge to find a career path by oneself (sacrificing parents) • Power of the country (cultivating democratic citizen / bringing high economic development) • Cultivating the morals (should learn to respect teachers, which would be broadened to respect the elders and the country / learn to obey the rules) Introduction

  5. History of national curriculum Beginning of Modern National Curriculum -Announcement of Curriculum concerning elementary schools and teacher`s colleges in 1895. (interrupted by Japanese colonial rule) Beginning of Contemporary National Curriculum -Announcement of the First National Curriculum in 1954 (after liberation) 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  6. Main Characteristics of each National Curriculum • First Curriculum (1954) • Emphasize anti-communist, moral, and vocational education • Second Curriculum (1963) • Establish the system of general guidelines and subject curriculum • Aim at creating an experience-centered curriculum • Consist of three areas : curricular activities, anti-communist education/moral life, and extracurricular activities. 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  7. Third Curriculum (1973) • Emphasize discipline-centered education • Consist of two areas : curricular activities and extracurricular activities • Fourth Curriculum (1981) - Introduce research and development for the first time - Emphasize human-centered curriculum • Fifth Curriculum (1987) • Establish integrated curriculum for grades 1 and 2 of elementary school 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  8. Sixth Curriculum (1992) - Introduce decentralized decision-making in curriculum • Seventh Curriculum (1997) • Reflect educational needs for the globalization and information era • Introduce level-based curriculum • 2009 Revised Curriculum (2009) • Introduce subject cluster, grade cluster, concentrated subject system. Etc. 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  9. What can we see from this? • Fast and flexible change of education system (within only 50 years) • Sensitively react what students need in education field (so as now) • Willing to invest the profit of nation to education area (growth of economy and education happens almost at the same time within this period) 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  10. General school system in Korea • Six years of Elementary school • Three years of Middle school • Three years of high school ▶Elementary schooling, compulsory ▶ Three more compulsory education in middle school, implemented nationwide in 2002 ▶Free preschool education, begun in 2012. 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  11. Preschool curriculum • The 2009 Revised Curriculum announced the Nuri Curriculum, a national-level common curriculum for preschool children(not compulsory) • The Nuri curriculum aims to facilitate harmonious physical and mental development of children aged three to five • Physical exercise and health, Communication, Social relationships, Artistic experiences, Nature exploration 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  12. Elementary school curriculum • Grade 1 and 2 - Korean Language, Mathematics, Integrated subjects(Disciplined Life, Intelligent Life, and Pleasant Life) • Grade 3 to 6 - All subjects are divided and specialized (Comprised of Korean Language, Social Studies/Moral Education, Mathematics, Science/Practical Arts, Physical Education, Arts(Music/Fine Arts), and English) 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  13. Education goals of elementary school education • To allow the body and mind to grow healthy and balanced • To form a basic understanding of the diverse world of occupations through a variety of learning experiences • To raise appropriate attitudes for understanding and appreciating Korean culture • To help express their own experiences and ideas in various manners, develop an attitude to sympathize and cooperate with others, and cultivate the mind to be considerate of others. 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  14. middle school curriculum • Subjects are comprised of Korean Language, Social Studies(including History) / Moral Education, Mathematics, Science/Technology and Home Economics, Physical Education, Arts(Music/Fine Arts), English, and elective subjects. • Elective subjects - Chinese Characters and Classics, Information, Environment and Green Growth, Foreign Languages(German, French, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese, Russian and Arabic), Health Education, and Career and Occupation 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  15. Education goals ofmiddle school education • To help actively explore their own career paths through experiences and knowledge in diverse fields • To cultivate creative thinking based on basic abilities • To broaden students` understanding of various cultures • To cultivate various communication skills and develop the qualities and attitudes of a democratic citizen 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  16. High school curriculum • Four general subjects areas • Basic(Korean Language, Mathematics, English) • Inquiry(Social Studies including History and Moral Education) - Physical Education and Arts • Living and Liberal Arts(Technology and Home Economics / Second Foreign Language / Chinese Characters and Classics / Liberal Arts) 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  17. High school curriculum • Specialized subjects • Agriculture and Biotechnology Industry, Industry, Business Information, Fishery and Maritime Transportation, and Home Economics and Vocational Education ※ Increased selection of subjects by students • Schools can offer new elective subjects • Subjects which are not provided at school can be taken at another school or community learning center (recognized as completed subjects) 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  18. Education goals ofhigh school education • To develop a career plan and to acquire basic capacities by attaining knowledge and skills in diverse fields based on a mature self-consciousness • To cultivate critical and creative thinking that can create new understanding and values in learning and daily life • To encourage students to develop their qualities and attitudes to enjoy Korean culture and accept other various cultures and values • To cultivate a global awareness and attitudes as global citizen 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  19. Extra curricular activities • Time allocation for creative experiential activities • Elementary school : 13.4% of the total number of class hours(780 hours out of 5,828) • Middle school : 9.1% (306 hours out of 3,366) • High school : 11.8% (24 units out of 204 units) ※Basically schools have the autonomy to allocate times for each area 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  20. National Curriculum Information Center(NCIC) • 1.School Curriculum (National Curriculum)

  21. Public school and private school Public elementary school • No need to pay education fee • Assigned to school through the lottery system based on the residential area Private elementary school • High education fee / high competition among the prospective students • Comparably good educational services and system are prepared 2. Types of Schools

  22. Various types of high school • General public/private high school (Without entrance exam, assigned through the lottery System) • Vocational high school (20% of the entire high school students are attending, to get a job soon after graduation; tourism high school, marketing high school, etc.) • Special high school • Science high school • Foreign Language high school • Art high school (With highly competitive entrance exam / high quality educational service) 2. Types of Schools

  23. Changes in secondary schools • Causes • The 2009 curriculum revision and educational policy that emphasizes creative and character-building education • The stress of school accountability according to the results of the national-level achievement test • The evaluation of schools and teachers • Diversification of secondary schools and expansion of the right to select high schools • Changes in policies for entrance to universities from a single test to a multiple assessment portfolio 2. Types of Schools

  24. Changes in secondary schools • Effect • Many schools make their own unique school curriculum by SBCD(school-based curriculum development) • Schools stress creative activities for students to receive good evaluations 2. Types of Schools

  25. Dasamiddle school in DAegoo • Location • Maegok-ri, Dasa-eup, Dalseong-gun, Daegu, Gyeongsangbuk-do, 711-812 Rep. of KOREA • Established in 1951 as an ordinary private school Gyeongsangbuk-do • Comparably far from the central part of this area…but!

  26. Various try to develop school system • Subject-based classroom system - divide the students by their level in specific subject. Students can learn more deeply about the subject. (especially for Math, English, Science)

  27. Various try to develop school system • Teachers must participate in the teaching workshop or the seminar at least 120 hours to develop his or her own teaching skills continuously. • Open class to get more idea and strategy • Open to the other teachers • Open to school principle and vice principle • Open to parents Finally could get a good reputation from this region for caring each students earnestly.

  28. PISA and TIMSS(among the OECD country) • Korea has been reported as one of the highest performing OECD countries from PISA. • In reading literacy • Ranked 2nd in 2003, 1st in 2006, In mathematics literacy Ranked 3rd in 2000, 1st in 2006, 3rd in 2009 In Science literacy Ranked 1st in 2000, 4th in 2003, 4th in 2009